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Elijah H. Mills

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elijah H. Mills
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
June 12, 1820 – March 3, 1827
Preceded byPrentiss Mellen
Succeeded byDaniel Webster
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Preceded byWilliam Ely
Succeeded bySamuel Lathrop
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Elijah Hunt Mills

(1776-12-01)December 1, 1776
Chesterfield, Massachusetts
DiedMay 5, 1829(1829-05-05) (aged 52)
Northampton, Massachusetts
Political partyFederalist
Spouse(s)Harriet Blake
Alma materWilliams College

Elijah Hunt Mills (December 1, 1776 – May 5, 1829) was an American politician from Massachusetts.

Early life

Mills was born in Chesterfield, Massachusetts. He was educated by private tutors and graduated from Williams College in 1797. Mills studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Northampton, Massachusetts.


He was the district attorney for Hampshire County, Massachusetts, and opened Northampton Law School in 1823. Mills was also a founding member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812.[1]

He was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1811–1814). Mills was elected as a Federalist to the United States House of Representatives (March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1819). In 1819 he returned to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, where he became Speaker of the House in 1820. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1820 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Prentiss Mellen. Mills was reelected and served from June 12, 1820, to March 3, 1827. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1826. He retired from public life due to ill health.

Personal life

Mills was first married to Sarah Hunt (1780–1802), a daughter of Dr. Ebenezer Hunt and Sarah (née Bradish) Hunt, on May 16, 1802. Sarah died a few months later on October 2, 1802. Mills later married Harriet Blake (1780–1871), a daughter of merchant Joseph Blake and Deborah (née Smith) Blake. With his second wife, Mills was the father of seven children, including:[2]

  • Helen Sophia Mills (1806–1844), who married Hon. Charles Phelps Huntington.[2]
  • Sarah Hunt Mills (1808–1887), who married Prof. Benjamin Peirce, the father of Charles Sanders Peirce.[3]
  • Elijah Hunt Mills Jr. (1810–1830), who died unmarried in Charleston, South Carolina.[2]
  • Charles Henry Mills (1813–1872), a merchant who married Anna Cabot Lowell Dwight (1818–1880), a daughters of Edmund Dwight.[2]
  • William Kilby Mills (1815–1855), an invalid for the last 20 years of his life; he died unmarried.[2]
  • Harriette Blake Mills (1818–1892), who married Admiral Charles Henry Davis.[2]
  • George Francis Mills (1821–1829), who died young.[2]

Mills died on May 5, 1829 in Northampton, and was interred in the Bridge Street Cemetery. His widow died at Cambridge on February 9, 1871.[2]


Through his daughter Harriette, he was a grandfather of Anna Cabot Mills Davis, who married U.S. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. One of their sons, poet George Cabot Lodge, was the father of U.S. Senators Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. and John Davis Lodge.


  1. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dwight, Benjamin Woodbridge (1871). The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong, of Northampton, Mass. J. Munsell. pp. 1481–1483. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  3. ^ Adams, Henry. The Life of George Cabot Lodge. pg. 4-5. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1911

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by  U.S. senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
June 12, 1820 – March 3, 1827
Served alongside: Harrison Otis, James Lloyd
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 3 March 2022, at 13:55
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