To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Eleazar ben Simeon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War with a similar name, see Eleazar ben Simon.

Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון‎, lit. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    1 794
    58 907
    1 236
  • ✪ Joel ben Simeon Illustrating the Washington Haggadah
  • ✪ The Myth of the Council of Jamnia and the Origin of the Bible
  • ✪ Bad Boy: Portrait of the Rylands Haggadah as Naughty Sibling

Transcription

Biography

He was the son of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and appears in many of the stories concerning his father. According to these stories, Eleazar spent his youth with his father in a cave, studying Torah while hiding from the Roman persecutors who sought his father's life.[1] After the death of Hadrian, when events took a somewhat more favorable turn for the Jews, father and son left the cave and returned to the busy world. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his long seclusion, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him.[2]

After Shimon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simeon ben Gamaliel II, and became the colleague of the patriarch's son, Judah HaNasi; but there was rivalry between the two.[3] Nevertheless, after Eleazar's death, Judah HaNasi devoted himself to caring for Eleazar's wayward son Yosei.[4]

There are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar's unusual physical size.[5]

Though wanted in his youth by the Roman government, later on Eleazar worked on behalf of the Roman government as a security and public order commissioner.[6][7][8] This made him very unpopular, and one of the rabbis remonstrated with him, saying, "Vinegar product of wine [= "Degenerate son of a distinguished father"], how long will you continue to deliver the people of God to the hangman?" Eleazar, however, continued in office, justifying himself by saying, "I only weed out thistles [i.e. evil men] from the vineyard." His mentor answered that the weeding ought to be left to the proprietor of the vineyard—that is, that God Himself would visit punishment on the idlers and evildoers.[9]

Later in life he regretted the part he had taken under the hated government, and is said to have imposed on himself the most painful penance. His wife even divorced him because the financial cost of caring for his ailments was draining her family wealth, though after this Eleazar was able to support himself due to the timely arrival of sixty sailors bearing gifts for him.[10]

Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the time of his death. As Eleazar lay dying, worrying that resentment over his government work would lead the rabbis to deny him a proper burial, he enjoined his wife to preserve his remains under her roof rather than burying him immediately. He died at Akbara, and his wife did as instructed. Legend relates many miracles performed by the dead rabbi, one of which was that litigants plead their cases in the rabbi's house, and the verdict was pronounced from the mortuary chamber. After many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but a new difficulty arose. The inhabitants of Akbara, believing that the sage's remains miraculously protected them against incursions of wild beasts, refused permission to remove the body. Ultimately, however, in compliance with the request of the rabbis, people from the nearby town of Birya carried it off by stealth, and it was deposited at Meron beside that of his father.[11]

Due to his varied learning, his surviving colleagues cited the Scriptural verse "Who is it that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?"[12] and answered, "It is Eleazar ben Simon, who united in himself all noble qualities, he having been well versed in Scripture and in traditional law, and having been a [liturgical] poet, a leader in prayers, and a preacher".[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ Shabbat 33b; Genesis Rabbah 79:6, and parallel passages; compare Yerushalmi Shevuot 9 38d
  2. ^ Shabbat 33b
  3. ^ Bava Metziah 84b
  4. ^ Bava Metziah 85a
  5. ^ Bava Metziah 84a
  6. ^ Dov Aryeh B. Leib Friedman (1896). Rabbis of Ancient Times: Biographical Sketches of the Talmudic Period (300 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.). Supplemented with Maxims and Proverbs of the Talmud. Rochester Volksblatt. pp. 19–20.
  7. ^ Benjamin De Tudèle (1841). The Itinerary of Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela. A. Asher. p. 427.
  8. ^ Heinrich Graetz (1873). History of the Jews from the Downfall of the Jewish State to the Conclusion of the Talmud. American Jewish Publication Society. pp. 167–168.
  9. ^ Bava Metziah 83b
  10. ^ Bava Metziah 84b
  11. ^ Bava Metziah 84b
  12. ^ Song of Songs 3:6
  13. ^ Leviticus Rabbah 30:1; Shir Hashirim Rabbah l.c.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Eleazar ben Simon". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. It has the following bibliography:

  • Bacher, Ag. Tan. ii. 400 et seq.;
  • Brüll, Mebo ha-Mishnah, i. 236;
  • Frankel, Darke ha-Mishnah, p. 199;
  • Hamburger, R. B. T. ii. 159;
  • Jastrow, in Monatsschrift, 1882, pp. 195 et seq.;
  • Weiss, Dor, ii. 185;
  • Zacuto, Yuḥasin, ed. Filipowski, p. 52b.
This page was last edited on 25 November 2019, at 04:59
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.