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Eleanor of Sicily

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eleanor of Sicily (1325–1375) was Queen of Aragon from 1349 until 1375 as the third wife of King Peter IV.[1]

Early life and family

Eleanor was the daughter of Peter II of Sicily[1] and Elisabeth of Carinthia.[2] She was the second of eight children, six of whom survived to adulthood.

Marriage

Coat of arms of Queen Eleanor
Coat of arms of Queen Eleanor

Eleanor married in Valencia on 27 August 1349 to Peter IV of Aragon, on the condition that he renounce all rights to any Sicilian Crown. He was twice-widowed, had two surviving daughters: Constance and Joanna but no surviving sons.

Eleanor became a powerful influence at the Aragonese court, replacing Bernardo de Cabrera as Peter's chief adviser.

Eleanor's brother Frederick III the Simple, married Constance of Aragon (Eleanor's stepdaughter). Frederick and Constance had a daughter, Maria, but no sons. Then in 1357 Frederick proposed to transfer the duchies of Athens and Neopatria to Eleanor in return for military help from her husband in Sicily, but was refused.

Eleanor and Peter had four children:

In 1373 Eleanor's eldest son John married Martha of Armagnac, a calm and conciliatory woman. Eleanor treated Martha as her own daughter.

Upon a royal stay at her home in Empordà, Eleanor made Sibila of Fortia her lady-in-waiting. This led to an eventful future for the girl.

In Lérida on 20 April 1375, Eleanor died leaving her husband a widower and her three surviving children. Her husband remarried to Sibila, a girl that was over thirty years his junior. Most of the family, including Eleanor's children, came into conflict with Sibila.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Hulme 1915, p. 561.
  2. ^ Jaspert 2019, p. 118.

Sources

  • Hulme, Edward Maslin (1915). The Renaissance, The Protestant Revolution and the Catholic Reformation in Continental Europe. The Century Co.
  • Jaspert, Nikolas (2019). "Testaments, Burials and Bequests. Tracing the 'Franciscanism' of Aragonese Queens and Princesses". In Jaspert, Nikolas; Just, Imke (eds.). Queens, Princesses and Mendicants: Close Relations in a European Perspective. LIT Verlag.
  • Roebert, Sebastian (2020). Die Königin im Zentrum der Macht. Reginale Herrschaft in der Krone Aragón am Beispiel Eleonores von Sizilien (1349-1375). Berlin: de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-064081-6.
Preceded by
Eleanor of Portugal
Queen consort of Aragon
1349–1375
Succeeded by
Sibila of Fortia
This page was last edited on 9 February 2021, at 19:50
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