To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Elba Esther Gordillo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elba Esther Gordillo Morales
Elba Esther Gordillo.jpg
Elba Esther Gordillo
Secretary General of the Institutional Revolutionary Party
In office
5 February 2002 – 30 August 2005
PresidentRoberto Madrazo
Preceded bySergio García Ramírez
Succeeded byCésar Augusto Santiago
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 September 1987 – 30 September 1987
Preceded byReyes Rodolfo Flores
Succeeded bySantiago Oñate Laborde
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
for the Federal District′s 2nd district
In office
1 September 1985 – 31 August 1988
Preceded byRodolfo García Pérez
Succeeded byOnofre Hernández Rivera
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
for the State of Mexico′s 26th district
In office
1 September 1979 – 31 August 1982
Personal details
Born (1945-02-06) 6 February 1945 (age 76)
Comitán, Chiapas
CitizenshipMexico
Political partyNew Alliance Party (PANAL)
ChildrenMónica Arriola Gordillo
RelativesRené Fujiwara (grandson)[1]
OccupationNational Education Workers' Union leader
Known forEmbezzlement,[2][3] organized crime[4][5]

Elba Esther Gordillo Morales (Spanish pronunciation: [elβaesˈteɾ ɣoɾˈðiʝo]; 6 February 1945) is a Mexican politician who has been the leader of the 1.4-million-strong National Education Workers' Union (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación, or SNTE),[2] the largest labor union in Latin America, since 1989. She was formerly affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, or PRI) until 2005, when she left and founded the New Alliance Party (Partido Nueva Alianza, or PANAL), which is currently led by Luis Castro Obregón.

Gordillo was arrested by the Mexican authorities on 26 February 2013 on charges of embezzlement and organized crime.[4] She was included in a list of the "10 most corrupt Mexicans" published by Forbes in 2013.[6]

Gordillo has held considerable influence over governments and individual presidents by persuading her union members to vote as a single bloc.[2][7]

Early life

Elba Esther Gordillo was born on 6 February 1945, in Comitán, Chiapas.

Career

Gordillo joined the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1970, at the height of its "dirty war". She has occupied several PRI positions including Secretary of Organization of the National Executive Council (1986–1987), General Secretary of the Council of National Popular Organizations (1997–2002), and General Secretary of the National Executive Council, the second highest position within the party.

Gordillo then became one of the most powerful women in Mexican politics. She was the President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1987.[8] She was the head of the PRI faction in the Chamber of Deputies, but after a political war with Roberto Madrazo, she lost that position when a slim majority of 118 PRI deputies voted to oust Gordillo as head of their 224-seat faction in the lower house.[when?] Gordillo was forced out of the congress leadership presumably because her political ambitions clashed with those of Madrazo regarding the presidential elections of 2006. Heightened political pressure and illness pushed Gordillo out from public life for about a year, though she did hold on to her post as the PRI secretary general.

In early 2005 Gordillo returned to public life and Roberto Madrazo greeted her with open arms. According to PRI rules, Gordillo, as secretary general of the party, should have replaced Madrazo when he stepped down; but, in a surprise move, Mariano Palacios Alcocer took Madrazo's position instead of Gordillo, who publicly broke with Madrazo just few days before Palacios Alcocer's election. Gordillo accused Madrazo of trying to bribe her with the party's presidency in exchange for supporting his candidacy; she also said that Madrazo had no respect for democracy and just wanted to assure himself of the nomination and was breaking party rules to impose a party leader of his own choosing.

The day that Mariano Palacios Alcocer was black, Gordillo filed a complaint with a federal electoral tribunal asking for protection of her political rights, but the tribunal ruled against her. On 19 September and as a result of the dispute with Madrazo, Gordillo resigned her Secretary General position in the PRI but decided to continue her affiliation with the party. On 13 July 2006, two weeks after the federal elections, the PRI announced her expulsion from its ranks for having supported the National Action Party and for attacking and slandering the PRI's leaders and candidates.

Corruption

Gordillo holds significant powers from the national public schools system dominated by Gordillo's union in which teaching positions could be sold or inherited.[2] There are roughly 1.5 million teachers in this union which she has controlled since 1989. In 2008, she was reportedly caught on camera having bought 59 new Hummer vehicles to give her aides, only to raffle them off when the media brought the purchase to light.[9][10]

Gordillo is notorious for wearing luxury brands such as Hermès and Chanel. She has allegedly spent US$2.1 million at a Neiman Marcus department store in San Diego between March 2009 and January 2012.[3][7] Gordillo allegedly used the money on properties, including in the US, a private jet, art work and plastic surgeries.[2][3] She has allegedly amassed some 10 properties, including a US$1.7 million home in San Diego and a $4 million water-front house in Coronado, California.[11]

Gordillo allegedly set up a political party that followed principles of a patronage system in 2005 that became notorious for obtaining privileges and appointments in return of its support in key elections. It was widely speculated that she helped former president Felipe Calderón obtain his narrow victory for the presidency in 2006 as part of a deal that allowed her to place individuals in the government who held allegiances to her.[10]

The former union leader was formally charged in February 2013 with embezzling US$200 million from the union to fund her lavish lifestyle. She is notorious for her expensive Hermès bags as well as numerous plastic surgeries from clinics in California. She is believed to own or be connected to three residences in California. One of these, where she spent most of her time before her arrest, was a $4.7 million house in Coronado Cays with a private dock, a boat, and Jet Ski.[12]

Gordillo was arrested on corruption charges by the Mexican authorities on 26 February 2013 after her private jet in which she had travelled from California landed at the Toluca airport near the capital. She was arrested for allegedly embezzling 2 billion pesos (US$156,816,000 or €119,242,600) from the Mexican National Educational Workers Union (SNTE), according to Attorney General Jesus Murillo Karam.[13][14] She also allegedly wired large sums of money to Swiss bank accounts, while other funds were used for plastic surgeries or personal luxuries. Among other questionable expenditures, according to Karam, were the maintenance and rental expenses of a hangar and aircraft. Prosecutors argue she would not have been able to make several purchases on her salary.[15] (31,398 pesos or US$2,459 per month.[16]) She has been charged with embezzlement and organized crime.[2][4] To head her criminal defense, Gordillo hired prominent penal lawyer Marco Antonio del Toro Carazo who is also defending labor leader Napoleón Gómez Urrutia.[17][18]

Liberation

Gordillo was liberated after a federal judge from the Primer Tribunal Unitario dismissed the trial on the grounds of not being able to prove Gordillo's responsibility for embezzlement. [19]

See also

References

  1. ^ "René Ricardo Fujiwara Montelongo". ADN Político. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Mexico union leader Elba Esther Gordillo arrested". BBC News. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Mexico teachers union head arrested". Agence France-Presse (AFP). Global Post. 27 February 2013. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Mexico union head Gordillo charged with organised crime". BBC News. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  5. ^ Elba Esther Gordillo comparece ante Juzgado Sexto (in Spanish)
  6. ^ "The 10 Most Corrupt Mexicans Of 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b Archibold, Randall (27 February 2013). "Powerful Leader of Mexican Teachers' Union Arrested". New York Times. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  8. ^ Enciclopedia Política de México 9 Tomo V. (PDF). Senade de la República - Instituto Belisario Domínguez. 2010.
  9. ^ Johnson, Tim (26 February 2013). "Mexico arrests Elba Esther Gordillo, powerful teachers union boss, on corruption charges". McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  10. ^ a b Tuckman, Jo (7 July 2011). "Scandal in Mexico erupts around union chief Elba Esther Gordillo". The Guardian.
  11. ^ Las casas de Gordillo en Coronado, California
  12. ^ Estevez, Dolia (16 December 2013). "The 10 Most Corrupt Mexicans Of 2013". Forbes.
  13. ^ "Head of Mexico's powerful teachers' union detained". The Huffington Post. 26 February 2013. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  14. ^ "Detienen a Elba Esther Gordillo por desvío de recursos". Univision (in Spanish). 26 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  15. ^ Mexico union replaces Elba Esther Gordillo (28 February 2013)
  16. ^ "Elba Esther Gordillo recibe un aumento de sueldo". ADN Politico. 6 September 2012. Archived from the original on 6 March 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Contrata Elba Esther Gordillo a abogado de Napoleón Gómez Urrutia". Educacion a Debate (in Spanish). 15 March 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  18. ^ Johnson, Tim (26 February 2013). "Mexico arrests Elba Esther Gordillo, powerful teachers union boss, on corruption charges". McClatchy DC. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  19. ^ Pérez, D.M. (9 August 2018). "Cinco claves de la absolución de Elba Esther Gordillo". El País.

Further reading

  • Cano, Arturo, and Alberto Aguirre. Doña Perpetua: el poder y la opulencia de Elba Esther Gordillo. Debolsillo, 2013.
  • Gimate-Welsh, Adrián S. "La representación de la caricatura política: la pugna Madrazo-Gordillo en el PRI." Letra. Imagen. Sonido: Ciudad Mediatizada 6 (2011): 57-70.
  • Martínez, José. La maestra: vida y hechos de Elba Esther Gordillo. Oceano, 2003.
  • Ornelas, Carlos. Educación, colonización y rebeldía: la herencia del pacto Calderón-Gordillo. Siglo XXI, 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 September 2021, at 12:05
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.