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Egnatia Odos (modern road)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A2 motorway shield

A2 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 2
Egnatia odos
Εγνατία Οδός
Via Egnatia
Route of Egnatia Odos
Route information
Part of E90
Length670 km (420 mi)
Major junctions
FromIgoumenitsa
ToKipoi
Location
RegionsEpirus, Macedonia, Thrace
Highway system
Motorways in Greece
For the ancient Roman road of the same name, see Via Egnatia.
For the street in Thessaloniki, see Egnatia Street.

Egnatia Odos or Egnatia Motorway (Greek: Εγνατία Οδός, often translated as Via Egnatia, code: A2) is the Greek part of European route Tabliczka E90.svg. It is a motorway in Greece that extends from the western port of Igoumenitsa to the eastern Greek–Turkish border at Kipoi. It runs a total of 670 km (420 mi). The megaproject began in 1994 and was completed in 2009 at a cost of €5.93 billion ($7 billion);[1] it was managed by the company Egnatia Odos, S.A.

Geography

The route traverses the mountainous Greek regions of Epirus and Macedonia, crossing the Pindos and Vermio mountain ranges, which posed formidable engineering challenges. It includes 76 tunnels (with a combined length of 99 km / 61.5 miles) and 1,650 bridges. It is a limited-access highway with sophisticated electronic surveillance measures, SCADA controls for the lighting/tunnel ventilation, and advanced vehicle collision absorption measures.[2]

Part of its length, a section of about 360 km (220 mi) from Evros to Thessaloniki, parallels the ancient Roman Via Egnatia, which ran from modern Durrës in Albania to Thessaloniki and thence to Byzantium (now Istanbul, Turkey). The project has therefore been dubbed a modern Via Egnatia (in Greek, Egnatia Odos / Εγνατία Οδός). However, the parallel is not exact; the original Via Egnatia was much longer (1,120 km / 696 miles) and its western section, from Thessaloniki to the Adriatic Sea, ran much further north than the modern road.

The project has raised concerns for the survival of nearby sites of ecological and archaeological significance. The construction of the Pindos stretch (i.e. from Grevena to Ioannina) was delayed due to environmental concerns about the destruction of the habitat of the endangered brown bear. However, a new routing was proposed in 2003, and this part was completed by April 2009.

In addition to the main highway, three perpendicular auxiliary highways are under construction connecting the highway to important cities, ports and airports of Macedonia.

History

Arachthos river bridge under construction in 2008
Arachthos river bridge under construction in 2008

94 km of the motorway had been built as part of other motorways, before the official project began in 1994. Between 1997 and 2004, 393 km of motorway were built.[3] The main part of the project was completed by 30 May 2009. [4] A final bridge was opened on 10 May 2014 [5]

Exit list

The exits of the completed sections of the A2 motorway:[6]

Notes
      Under construction
      Planned
Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes/Also as
Evros Kipoi-İpsala border crossing D.110D110
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90 to  Turkey
eastern terminus of the A2
43 Ardani
GR-EO-51.svg
GR-51
European Road 85 number DE.svg
E85 to  Bulgaria,  Turkey
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
42 Alexandroupoli industrial area
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
41 Alexandroupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
40 Makri
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
39 Mesti
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2 also to Sapes and Maronia
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Rhodope 38 Komotini east
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
Corridor IX to  Bulgaria
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
37 Komotini west
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
36 Iasmos
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Xanthi 35 Xanthi east
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
34 Xanthi west
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Kavala 33 Chrysoupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
32A Perni
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
32 Lefki
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
31 Kavala east
GR-EO-12.svg
GR-12 Also to Drama
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
30 Palio
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
29 Kavala west
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
28C Eleftheroupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
28B Moustheni
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
28A Galypsos – Orfani
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Serres 28 Strymonas
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
GR-EO-59.svg
GR-59 to Serres, Drama
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Thessaloniki 27 Asprovalta
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
26 Rentina
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
25A Nymfopetra
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
25 Profitis
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
24 Lagadas
Autokinetodromos A25 number.svg
A25
European Road 79 number DE.svg
E79 to Serres,  Bulgaria
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
23B Derveni
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
23A Girokomeio
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
23/K4 Efkarpia
Autokinetodromos A24 number.svg
A24 to Thessaloniki, Nea Moudania
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
22/K2 Diavata
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 86 number DE.svg
E86 to Giannitsa, Edessa
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
21/K1 Kalochori
GR-EO-1β.svg
GR-1β
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
20 Sindos south
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
20A Chalastra
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
19 Axios
Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg
A1
European Road 75 number DE.svg
E75 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
18 Nea Malgara
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 75 number DE.svg
E75
Imathia 17 Kleidi
Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg
A1
European Road 75 number DE.svg
E75 to Athens
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
16 Alexandreia
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
15 Kouloura
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Mesi to Naousa, Skydra
Planned
14 Veria
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Kozani 13 Polymylos
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
12 Kozani
Autokinetodromos A27 number.svg
A27
European Road 65 number DE.svg
E65 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
GR-EO-3.svg
GR-3
European Road 65 number DE.svg
E65 to Larissa
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
11 Kalamia
GR-EO-20.svg
GR-20
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
10 Siatista east
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
9A Siatista west
Autokinetodromos A29 number.svg
A29 to  Albania
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Grevena 9 Grevena east
GR-EO-15.svg
GR-15
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
8B Grevena west
GR-EO-15.svg
GR-15
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
8A Venetikos
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Kipoureio
Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg
A3
Planned
8 Agia Paraskevi
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
Ioannina 7 Metsovo
GR-EO-6.svg
GR-6
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
6A Peristeri – Chrysovitsa
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
6 ArachthosZagoria
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
5A Pamvotida
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
5 Ioannina
GR-EO-5.svg
GR-5
European Road 951 number DE.svg
E951
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
4A Pedini
Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg
A5 to Arta, Agrinio
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
4 Dodoni
GR-EO-17.svg
GR-17
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
Thesprotia 3 Selloi – Tyria
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
2 Neochori – Paramythia
GR-EO-18.svg
GR-18
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
1B Vasilikos
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
1A Igoumenitsa – Ladochori
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
1 Igoumenitsa – Lykopodi
GR-EO-102.svg
GR-102
European Road 55 number DE.svg
E55
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
Igoumenitsa port
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
European Road 55 number DE.svg
E55
ferry to Kerkyra,  Italy
western terminus of the A2

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Egnatia Odos. "The Construction of the Egnatia Motorway". www.egnatia.eu. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ Main Road Furniture, Main Tunnel Equipment
  3. ^ "Γεφύρι της Αρτας έγινε η Εγνατία οδός". TO BHMA.
  4. ^ "Το όνειρο της Εγνατίας έγινε πραγματικότητα". TO BHMA.
  5. ^ "Ολοκληρώθηκε και τυπικά η Εγνατία Οδός". ypodomes.com. Archived from the original on 2015-01-24.
  6. ^ "Aυτοκινητόδρομος (Aftokinitodromos) A2 – Eγνατια Oδóς (Egnatia Odos)". motorways-exitlists.com.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 21:33
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