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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Egbert Benson
Egbert Benson (NYPL Hades-255916-430935).jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
March 4, 1813 – August 2, 1813
Preceded byWilliam Paulding Jr.
Succeeded byWilliam Irving
Constituency2nd district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1793
Preceded bySeat established
Succeeded byPhilip Van Cortlandt
Constituency3rd district
Chief Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit
In office
February 20, 1801 – July 1, 1802
Appointed byJohn Adams
Preceded bySeat established by 2 Stat. 89
Succeeded bySeat abolished
1st Attorney General of New York
In office
May 8, 1777 – May 14, 1788
GovernorGeorge Clinton
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byRichard Varick
Personal details
Born
Egbert Benson

(1746-06-21)June 21, 1746
New York City,
Province of New York,
British America
DiedAugust 24, 1833(1833-08-24) (aged 87)
Jamaica, New York
Resting placeProspect Cemetery
Jamaica, New York
Political partyFederalist
RelativesEgbert Benson
EducationColumbia University
read law

Egbert Benson (June 21, 1746 – August 24, 1833) was a lawyer, jurist, politician from New York City, New York and a Founding Father of the United States who represented New York State in the Continental Congress, Annapolis Convention, and the United States House of Representatives, and who served as a member of the New York State constitutional convention in 1788 which ratified the United States Constitution. He also served as the 1st Attorney General of the State of New York, Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court, and as the Chief United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit. He is one of the Dutch Americans alongside John Jay to lead the American Revolution.

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  • ✪ Great River (1973)

Transcription

Narrator: The film you are about to see tells the story from a bygone era. That statement may seem strange since the film was made only a decade ago and the development of the great River of the West, the Columbia, is still going on. As you watch the film you may want to bear in mind that environmental awareness has grown to full realization in less time than the film has aged. It would be an exaggeration, however, to say that the developers have spoiled its environment. To the contrary, in many instances they have preserved and enhanced it. But we�ll let you judge that for yourselves. To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven. A time to break down, and a time to build up Narrator: For the Columbia River, the time to break down, to sweep aside everything in it�s wild rush to the sea lasted seventy million years. Think of it. This greatest of all the rivers that water the Pacific raged across the land unchecked for seven hundred thousand centuries. The time to break down and yet a time to build up. For in the very process of running wild, the Columbia was carving it�s channel, making itself ready for man to put it fully to work. That time came only a second ago on the clock that ticks the age of the Earth. Or as man reckons time, little more than a quarter century ago. The starting gun for full development of the river sounded in the 1930�s. An army of men and machinery went to work like there was no tomorrow. Round the clock they chipped away at the age old canyon walls, reshaping the face of the ancient land, making way for the future. And in ten short years, three dams went up across the Columbia. Rock Island, built with private capital for power alone was first. Bonneville Dam, built by the Army Corps of Engineers for power and navigation was next. And then, the granddaddy of all American dams, Grand Coulee built by the Bureau of Reclamation for power, irrigation and flood control. Here was the dam that finally fixed the bit in the Columbia�s jaw, Grand Coulee. At that time the greatest manmade structure anywhere. Here was the dam they said couldn�t be built. Here was the dam that culminated twenty years of struggle by never-say-die visionaries, men often considered wild dreamers in their day. A dam so big it could embed four United States Capitol buildings. A dam a tenth of a mile high, four fifths of a mile across. A barrier so big it formed a lake one hundred fifty miles long behind it, providing massive control of the river and making the keystone structure of the system. Yes, truly a bit in the Columbia�s jaw. After Grand Coulee, the word along the river was go. Now the time was right for the grand purpose. Transforming the Columbia and its tributaries into a working river system, working for the people to provide benefits for every family in every corner of the region. United States Department of the Interior, Bonneville Power Administration and Bureau of Reclamation present Great River Building up the mighty Columbia, one of the Earth�s truly great drainage basins meant many things to many people. The sheer brute force of its surge to the sea could be harnessed for power, for industry and jobs. Its tremendous water capacity could be used to irrigate crop lands to produce food for America�s multiplying millions. Its rough and unruly road to the sea could be smoothed like a rippling lake for inland navigation. Its wild and unpredictable waves could be bridled to control floods and save lives and millions of dollars of property. Here was challenge, raw and exciting. Here was opportunity of the first magnitude. Let�s look at this Columbia River Basin country. It�s a vast region stretching from the Continental Divide in Western Montana to the Pacific Ocean, and from Southern Oregon deep into British Columbia across the Canadian Border. It is a land of rugged mountains, fertile valleys and desert reaches interlaced by the Columbia and its major tributaries, plus hundreds of lesser streams. The Columbia�s full potential for greatness as a source of electric power and irrigation was there from the beginning. Power, because the river dropped twenty-five hundred feet from it�s source in Canada to the sea, with nearly thirteen hundred feet of that drop on the American side of the border. Irrigation, because high mountains cut off rainfall from huge areas in the interior of the Basin. A closer look at the map reveals a paradox of the Great Pacific Northwest. Right in the midst of this great concentration of rivers are vast stretches of wasteland almost as bone dry as Sahara itself. This is a picture of the Northwest that has to be seen to be believed. An arid wasteland that received less than ten inches of rain a year broke the back and heart of many a pioneer farmer who tried to coax a living off the soil in the Basin areas just after the turn of the Century. However, the mountains which caused this paradox in the first place, also provide an important link in making water available from the river for man to turn wasteland into good land. It works this way, moisture lifted out of the Pacific by the sun is transported across the land in heavy cloud banks. Colliding with mountain tops, the clouds are wrung dry of moisture which drops in the form of rain in the summer and heavy snows in the winter, snows that measure twenty feet deep and more. The melting snows create the many brooks, streams and rivers that feed the Columbia. The waters flow through gullies, gulches, gorges, twisting across the crust of the earth to lower ground, heading for the source of all water the ocean. The cycle is repeated again and again. Out of the sea and over the mountains, then through the land back to the ocean. The closest thing to perpetual motion known to man. Man want to work on this inexhaustible gift of nature. Grand Coulee and Bonneville Dams were the two ends of the main stem Columbia system south of the border. And after Grand Coulee, all things were possible downstream. In rapid succession came McNary, Chief Joseph, The Dalles, Priest Rapids, Rocky Reach and Wanapum, all completed since 1950. John Day is under construction. The federal dams on the main stem are multipurpose dams, built for power, irrigation, flood control, navigation and recreation. All dams downstream from Chief Joseph, federal and nonfederal, have extensive fish facilities. Altogether there are now more than 140 dams on the Columbia and it�s tributaries, impounding at capacity thirty million acre feet of water for river control and man�s use, enough water to cover thirty million acres to a depth of one foot. Hungry Horse Dam, the first major upstream storage dam in the system, went to work in 1953. Built by the Bureau of Reclamation on the South Fork of the Flathead River, high in the western slope of the Montana Rockies, Hungry Horse is a prime example of how the river system works. As snows in the mountains melt in spring and early summer, upstream dams like Hungry Horse contain the flood. Later in fall and winter when streams run low and power demands are at a peak, upstream storage is released to fill the gap. Water flows through the generators at Hungry Horse producing 200,000 kilowatts of power at site, and moves on through all the other generating plants downstream working sixteen different times before it reaches the Pacific Ocean, increasing downstream energy production by about one million kilowatts. Hungry Horse Reservoir is low in the spring before snows melt in the Upper Rockies. And then the cycle is repeated. The reservoir is full again by midsummer. You can�t store electric energy. But you can store a full reservoir of water. When flood threats are imminent at the dam site, the water level can be lowered well in advance, either by discharging water through these pipes built into the dam for flood control and normal reservoir regulation, or through this glory hole which drains water directly from the surface of the reservoir. The glory hole also serves as an overflow pipe. Both devices make ready the necessary space to store incoming flood water. But to men who�s lives are dedicated to full utilization of our water resources, spilling water is not a happy sight. It�s lost water, energy gone to waste for lack of storage. And at Grand Coulee, the water cascading over this spectacular spillway means more waste, again, for lack of storage. To experienced guys on the river, the water that looks good is the spent water swirling out from the great turbines beneath the powerhouse. This is water that has been used. Despite the wasted water over the spillway, this giant dam still is the greatest power producer in the Columbia River system, and one of the greatest on Earth. This powerhouse, and another like it on the other side of the dam, produce two million kilowatts of power. River power of the Pacific Northwest, harnessed by immense and intricate machines, produced by men working in Youngstown, Pittsburgh, Schenectady spreading the indirect benefits of Northwest power development clear across America. Thirty million men pounding sledgehammers couldn�t do the work of one Grand Coulee Dam. Federal plants are tied together in the Pacific Northwest power grid and interconnected with more than one hundred different electric utilities from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Power is dispatched from the Bonneville Power Administration control center in Portland. As stream flow is controlled by an integrated system for balanced use of water, so the Northwest power pool is a balancing reservoir that insures maximum use of the electrical energy produced. The transmission grid makes available to the whole Region energy produced by all major power sources in the region, wheeling electricity where it�s needed, when it�s needed. The Bonneville Power Administration grid assures the widest possible distribution of low-cost federal power. It serves as the transmission backbone of the Northwest�s power pool. It is used to wheel nonfederal power, thus eliminating the need for duplicating lines. It stands as a guarantee against anyone monopolizing the benefits of this great public resource, the Columbia River. Moreover, Bonneville Power Administration revenues from the sale of low-cost federal power repay the Treasury with interest for power�s full share of the cost of Northwest federal dams. Power revenues also help substantially in paying for irrigation projects. Bonneville Power Administration�s 8,000 miles of transmission lines carry power to municipalities, public utility districts, cooperatives, private power companies and to industry. Low-cost federal power that offsets the Northwest�s twin disadvantages of distance from market and high shipping costs. When Anaconda Aluminum followed Hungry Horse Power to Montana, it immediately became the biggest taxpayer in Flathead County. Anaconda is only one of eight major aluminum plants which have located in Oregon, Washington and Montana. For other electro-processing plants scattered throughout the Northwest, power represents up to twenty-five percent of their total cost of doing business. And besides such inevitable consumers of electricity, nearly all manufacturing industries in the Pacific Northwest are more dependent on electric power than those in other parts of the Nation. The forest products industry, traditional backbone of the Pacific Northwest economy, utilizes power to get more and better products from every tree. There�s phosphate rock in Montana and Idaho, and a lot of it. With power, it can be and is processed into fertilizer and many consumer products. Of all the rivers in America, only the Mississippi carries more water. During the course of the whole year, the Columbia funnels enough water into the sea to fill Lake Erie ten times over. By far the largest use of this water, as water, is for irrigation. Grand Coulee, keystone of power production on the river system, figures large in irrigation also. Through these gargantuan pump lines water is lifted with Grand Coulee power 280 feet out of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake into this mile long concrete line canal that at full operating capacity feeds thirty thousand tons of water a minute into Banks Lake, site of the old dry Coulee, which was carved out by the Columbia during the ice age. Water from Banks Lake is now irrigating about half a million acres of once arid land in the Columbia Basin project. Ultimately twice as much land, a million acres, will be irrigated in this one project. Lands once considered desert, barely able to support sagebrush and cheap grass are now producing seven and a half tons of alfalfa to the acre. The irrigated lands of the river also produce highly specialized crops in great variety, food for a growing population. These specialized crops do not contribute to the farm surplus. Grand Coulee irrigation has already provided an opportunity for thousands of Americans to make it on their own. In a single decade, millions of dollars were spent on this one project for machinery, buildings and improvements. A new and expanding market was created for products from all over America. Dying towns have come to vigorous new life. And new cities have sprung up where there was only desolation before. Development of the Yakima Valley, more than half a century ago, set the pattern for utilizing government built irrigation facilities elsewhere in the Columbia River Basin. Its nearly half million irrigated acres yield an abundance of world famous Washington apples, as well as other fruits and vegetables. The early dams and irrigation works, which were responsible for transformation of virtual desert into productive land, were long since paid for in full by the water users themselves. Down toward the other end of the vast Columbia plateau, in the Snake River Basin, more than three million acres are already irrigated. Here too large scale development began before 1910, when the Bureau of Reclamation built the Minidoka Dam generator of the first federal power in the Northwest. Minidoka was built on nothing but wasteland as far as the eye could see. Not a town in sight. Now there are eight. Dams like American Falls, situated a short way upstream from Minidoka Dam on the Snake, and Owyhee Dam, located on the Owyhee River in Southeastern Oregon, are only two of the more than fifty reservoirs that are storing the waters of the Snake and it�s tributaries in Idaho and Eastern Oregon. As irrigation develops in the Basin and more food crops are grown, more and more processing plants dot the landscape from one end of the once desolate Columbia plateau to the other. More investments, more jobs, more wealth, as more and more of the river system goes to work. The transportation industry shares the benefits from an expanding Northwest economy for which the river is so much responsible. And the river itself contributes enormously to this big freight hauling job. Today the old water highway along which Lewis and Clark blazed the first Western trail for the fur traders and settlers who were to follow, now carries ever-increasing loads of farm products down to Portland, Vancouver and world markets. The traditional pattern of agricultural products downriver and petroleum products up is expanding to a longer list of commodities. Today tug boats can push their cargos all the way from Portland, itself a deep water port, to Pasco/Kennewick Washington, three hundred-twenty river miles inland from the Pacific. Through most of the way, tug and barge move from one slack water pool to another. Water stilled by the same Corps of Engineers dams which provide the locks to lift this river-born traffic. However, there�s still a stretch of open water between McNary Dam and The Dalles in which it takes two thousand horsepower to push a thousand ton barge. With the completion of John Day Dam, between McNary and The Dalles, the same tug will handle nine times the payload because the slack water pathway will extend from the Pacific to Pasco without interruption. And at Ice Harbor Dam is the first of four Corps of Engineers dams in building the same kind of path up the Snake River to Idaho. The people who�s working lives are enriched by the river turn to the same river for play and relaxation. The water stored in reservoirs behind the dams provide excellent playgrounds. People waterskiing on river From all over the United States, tourists are drawn to the area to view Grand Coulee, Hungry Horse and other dams of the system, and in the process supporting a recreation and tourist trade that is now one of the largest industries in the Pacific Northwest. Scenes of people fishing on river and in streams, Fish swimming in stream Protecting the fisheries resources is another important part of river development. For example, Rocky Reach Dam, a project of the Chelan County Public Utility District, has a fish ladder nearly a quarter of a mile long to help salmon and other game fish make their way upstream to their traditional spawning grounds. And, an intriguing viewing room where the fish can actually be seen during their passage up the ladder and their progress charted. Preserving sport and commercial fishing is a continuing concern of the Fish and Wildlife Service. Indeed, the past quarter century-plus has been a time to build up in the Columbia River Basin. Much has been accomplished. But much still remains to be done. Population growth in the Pacific Northwest means that in the next ten years, one million jobs must be created. The region must do it�s part in helping the nation to feed three million new mouths every year. Where are these jobs and this food to come from? The river system has many of the answers. Every time you put a generator on the line, you put a payroll on the line. Power from the system already sustains industrial growth for more than five and a half million people in the region. It can also provide jobs for today�s children, tomorrow. Opportunity for them to work and live and build their homes in the land where they grew up. On a national scale, energy is the lifeblood of our economy, and vital to enabling us to compete in world markets and to meet our world responsibilities. Through application of pioneering programs developed on the Columbia, our nation is moving ahead to interregional power grids, development of extra high voltage transmission and maximum efficient use of our power resources. Every time you reclaim a thousand acres through irrigation, you provide a living for more than two hundred people on the farms and in the towns that serve the farm population. And each forward step in industry, in agriculture and in river born commerce helps create the wealth that pays the taxes and supports the schools and other public services of a healthy community. The cities grow and the kids grow up. And the future belongs to them. But what is done now and in the years that are racing toward us will shape that future for generations. And what can be done through irrigation? More than three million acres of new land can be developed in the next fifty years. Only one third of the river system�s power capacity is being used. Much of the other two thirds can be put to work. At Chief Joseph Dam, for instance, when more upstream storage is developed, space is ready and waiting for eleven huge pipes, penstocks to carry water to eleven new generators. At Grand Coulee, the capacity of America�s greatest dam could be increased fifty percent by adding a third powerhouse in this vacant area. At it�s close, the 1963 film made a statement about flood control. It said the floods of 1948 and 1961 are grim reminders that this great river system must be further controlled for all time to come. Now, fortunately, it is controlled. The 1972 spring runoff was far greater than that which caused the 1948 flood. The river was held in check by new storage reservoirs behind the new dams, Dworshak, Duncan, Keenleyside, Libby. A major flood failed to materialize. Approximately seven million acres of land are now under irrigation in the Columbia Basin. And the annual crop value has risen to one and a half billion dollars. Under the provision of the Columbia River Treaty between the United States and Canada proclaimed in 1964, two dams have been completed in Canada. Duncan Dam, at the foot of Duncan Lake in the Kootenai drainage was completed in 1967. And Keenleyside Dam at the foot of the Arrow Lake on the Columbia finished in 1968. These dams, together with Libby Dam, the U.S. Treaty project on the Kootenai River in Western Montana and Dworshak Dam on the North Fork of the Clearwater River in Idaho helped to prevent a major flood in 1972. In 1973, Mica the third of the Columbia River Treaty dams began storing water. Completion of these storage dams has increased the capacity of the storage projects in the Columbia Basin to a forty million acre feed for flood control and power. That third powerhouse in Coulee Dam mentioned in the original film is now well along. But instead of increasing the capacity by fifty percent, the first six generating units of it�s potential development will more than double Grand Coulee�s capacity by using the largest hydroelectric generators ever built in the Western world. Ultimately, this twelve unit power structure will increase capacity to nine million, seven hundred thousand kilowatts, four times the original development, making Grand Coulee the world�s largest hydroelectric dam. At The Dalles Dam on the lower Columbia, eight generators have been added. John Day Dam has been turning out power since 1968 and is currently rated at over two million kilowatts. John Day�s lock, the highest lift on the river at a113 feet, now eases the course of barge tows operating between the lower river ports and the interior of the State of Washington. Ice Harbor Dam was the first step up the Snake River on the way to Lewiston, Idaho four hundred miles from the Pacific Ocean. In addition, two more steps have been completed. Lower Monumental Dam with it�s present power capacity of 405,000 kilowatts and spaces for three more generators of equal capacity. And Little Goose Dame with an equal amount of power on the line now and additional potential. Well past the halfway mark on its construction schedule is Lower Granite Dam. It is the last stair step in the Columbia and Snake River�s navigation system from the Pacific Ocean to the heart of the inland empire. The high voltage transmission grid of the Bonneville Power Administration now comprises some 12,000 circuit miles and more than 320 substations, 3 intertie lines, 2 alternating current at 500,000 volts and the other direct current at 800,000 volts link the Pacific Northwest and Pacific Southwest for an interchange of power between the two regions. Yes, the great river has been harnesses to serve man and to enhance his environment. Our standard of living in the Northwest depends largely upon the development achieved over the past four decades. Were it not for these developments of Columbia River waters, a constantly renewable source of energy, it is doubtful that the Pacific Northwest would be the dynamic region it is today, and most important will be for generations yet to come. Scenes of people recreating on the river, visiting a dam, fishing, etcetera [End]

Contents

Education and career

Benson's ancestor, Dirck Benson, who settled in New Amsterdam in 1649, was the founder of the Benson family in America.[1] Egbert Benson was born in New York City, New York, the son of Robert Benson (1715–1762) and Catherine (Van Borsum) Benson (1718–1794). The Benson family was one of the earliest Dutch families to have settled in Manhattan.[2][3] In a letter written to Arthur D. Benson, Egbert Benson lived at the corner of Puntine and Fulton streets in the home of William Puntine.[4] The house was apparently not numbered until 1907, when it became No. 436 Fulton Street.[4] In 1938, Puntine Street became 165th Street, while Fulton Street became Jamaica Avenue.[4] His home was one of the centers of cultural life in New York City.[1] Benson lived with his maternal grandmother, a widow who lived in Borad Street, at the corner of Beaver, during the early part of his life.[5]

Benson was taught in Dutch, and he learned his catechism in that language.[5] Upon reaching a suitable age, Benson attended the Collegiate School[6], a school of repute, and prepared himself for college.[5] During this time, he was guided and assisted greatly by the learned and deep-read scholar, the Reverend Doctor Barclay, Rector of Trinity Church.[5] He was privately educated, then attended King's College (now Columbia University), graduating in 1765.[7] He read law, was admitted to the bar and moved to Red Hook in Dutchess County, New York.[7] He practiced law both there and in New York City.[7] Benson was also honored by Harvard University and Dartmouth College.[1]

Benson had many significant relatives in the American Revolution.[citation needed] One was Benjamin Benson, a Revolutionary War soldier and member of the Committee of Correspondence.[citation needed] He signed one of the Articles of Association, or "Association Test", which was preliminary to the Declaration of Independence, at Haverstraw, New York, in May 1775.[1] Egbert Benson was the brother of Lieutenant Colonel Robert Benson and Captain Henry Benson, who commanded an armed vessel in the Revolution.[1]

Political and judicial service

Towards the start of the American Revolutionary War, Benson approved the course of the Sons of Liberty and gave up, in a measure, his professional prospects then brightly opening and devoted himself to his country: these exertions showed the man's value of this step to both his native state and the cause he aided.[5] He aided the Sons of Liberty, who were in Dutchess County where Benson, as a part of his first efforts, gave proper directions to the political meetings.[5] When the British occupied New York City in 1776, Benson remained in Dutchess County for several years.[citation needed] According to Van Schaack, Benson from 1777 to 1781 served as a member of the New York State Assembly and drafted every important bill passed there in during the Revolution.[8] He was also a representative in the Second Continental Congress (Continental Congress) (Congress of the Confederation from 1781), from 1780, and drew bills organizing the executive department of the United States.[8] The county made him the president of their Committee of Safety and in 1777 sent him to the revolutionary New York State Assembly.[citation needed] When the first state government was organized, Benson was appointed the first New York Attorney General and served until 1788.[7] He was elected to the Assembly annually until 1781 and again in 1788.[7]

During a state dinner in December 1783, given by the State of New York to George Washington and the Minister of France, the bill for the cost of this historic dinner was O.K.'d/ paid by Egbert Benson and Isaac Roosevelt.[1]

New York sent Benson as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1784.[9] Although he was reappointed in 1785,[9] he did not attend sessions.[citation needed] In 1786, he was named by the Legislature to accompany Alexander Hamilton as a delegate to the Annapolis Convention (1786), which issued a call for the United States Constitutional Convention held the following year.[citation needed] He returned to the Congress in 1787 and 1788, and in 1788 attended the New York state convention that ratified the United States Constitution.[9]

When the new federal government was established, Benson was elected from New York's 3rd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 1st and 2nd United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1789 to March 3, 1793.[9] In 1794, Benson was appointed a Justice of the New York Supreme Court, a position he held until 1801.[7]

Benson was part of the three-man commission that decided the location of the St. Croix River in 1798.[citation needed]

Federal judicial service

Benson was nominated by President John Adams on February 18, 1801, to the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit, to the new Chief Judge seat authorized by 2 Stat. 89.[7] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1801, and received his commission the same day.[7] His service terminated on July 1, 1802, due to abolition of the court.[7]

Later life

The files and papers belonging to the Arthur D. Benson manuscript collection further state that Benson had a close friendship with General Richard Montgomery. On the back of a criticism, Benson, in his own handwriting, stated: "I knew Montgomery. We were neighbors; and in the closest intimacy for a time until he (was) called to the field. He was a man of sense and worth; the terms taken in their most significant import. As a soldier, his deeds bespeak him truly, the Vir Strunuus."[8]

Benson returned to the private practice of law in New York City in 1802.[7] He joined other civic leaders to found the New-York Historical Society and served as its first president from 1804 to 1816.[9] He was the author of several books, including Vindication of the Captors of Major Andre, defending the three American Patriots who captured the spy Major John André, which led to the discovery of the plot to surrender West Point to the British by Benedict Arnold.[citation needed]

In 1812, Benson was again elected from New York's 2nd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 13th United States Congress as a Federalist but served only five months before he resigned on August 2, 1813.[9] In December 1813, Benson was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society.[10]

Benson's numerous other writings included A Biographical Sketch of Gouverneur Morris (published in November 1816), and Brief Remarks on the 'Wife' of Washington Irving (published in 1819).[8] Benson also wrote and published in the New York American a series of able and highly interesting articles, in condemnation of what he regarded as the absurd and anti-Christian practice of calling the first day of the week the Sabbath.[8]

Benson married late in life, on May 17, 1820, to Maria Conover (1796–1867).[citation needed] He died on August 24, 1833, in Jamaica, Queens, and is buried in the Prospect Cemetery there.[9] His grave has been designated by a historical marker.[2] His death left John Marshall and James Madison as the only surviving Founding Fathers of the United States.[citation needed]

In a small letter belonging to the Arthur D. Benson manuscript collection (found at the Queens Central Library Archives), Benson's great-grandnephew, Hevlyn Dirck Benson, noted that Egbert was the "last important tenant" who resided at the Richmond Hill House, in which the site is now occupied by the Butterick Building.[11]

Descendants and legacy

Egbert's oldest brother was Clerk of the New York State Senate, Robert Benson (1739–1823),[12] father of his namesake, Egbert Benson.[13]

According to manuscripts and notes found in the Arthur D. Benson manuscript collection at Queens Library, Benson's name was engraved on a bronze tablet on the Butterick Building on 6th Avenue and Spring Street in New York City; this tablet was placed there by the Greenwich Village Historical Society.[1]

Hevelyn D. Benson, great-grandnephew of Egbert Benson, sent Jerome D. Greene, director of Harvard's Trancentanery, seven photostats concerning Egbert Benson.[14] Hevelyn Benson was also a member of the New York Historical Society, founded in 1804 by his ancestor, Egbert Benson.[14] Benson also included a photostat of an article in The Eagle from September 16, 1935, which designated Egbert Benson as the man behind the Constitution.[14] The state historical marker for Benson's grave was applied to Senator Thomas C. Desmond, a trustee of the New York State Historical Society, by Hevelyn Benson.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Genealogical Notes" Folder: 179/2 1934: Benson, Arthur D. "Some Data of the Descendents of Dirck Bensing or Bensingh (Benson) of Amsterdam and Groningen, the Netherlands, who settled in New Amsterdam (New York City) in 1648. He was born in Groningen, Netherlands. 1934.
  2. ^ a b Guide to the Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control # B-11 [1]
  3. ^ Society, United States Capitol Historical (July 5, 2000). "Neither Separate Nor Equal: Congress in the 1790s". Ohio University Press – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Correspondence" Folder: 179/1 1938-1939: "Letter to Mr. Arthur D. Benson." 29 OCT. 1938.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Genealogical Notes" Folder: 179/2 1934: Benson, Arthur D. "Alderman Benson's Memoir of the Benson Family: Alderman Benson's Paper on the Benson Family".
  6. ^ N.Y.), Collegiate Church School (New York; Dunshee, Henry Webb (1883). History of the School of the Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York, from 1633 to 1883. Print of the Aldine Press.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Egbert Benson at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  8. ^ a b c d e Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Genealogical Notes" folder 179/2 1934: Benson, Arthur D. "Alderman Benson's Memoir of the Benson Family: Mr. Van Schaack's Additional Paper.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g United States Congress. "Egbert Benson (id: B000388)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  10. ^ "MemberListB". American Antiquarian Society.
  11. ^ Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Correspondence" Folder: 179/1 1938-1939: Benson, Hevlyn Dirck. Richmond Hill House". 25 SEP. 1923
  12. ^ "Robert Benson (1739-1823)". www.nyhistory.org. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  13. ^ Youngs, Florence Evelyn Pratt; Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York (1914). Portraits of the Presidents of The Society, 1835-1914. New York, NY: Order of the Society. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d Arthur D. Benson Genealogical Notes and Correspondence Concerning Egbert Benson and the Benson Family 1938 Control, manuscript collection finding aid, Archives at Queens Library: "Correspondence" Folder: 179/1 1938-1939: Benson, Hevlyn Dirck. "Recognition Asked For N.Y. State's First Attorney General Buried on L.I." Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 21 JUN. 1936

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Office established
Attorney General of New York
1777–1789
Succeeded by
Richard Varick
Preceded by
Seat established by 2 Stat. 89
Chief Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit
1801–1802
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Seat established
United States Representative from New York's 3rd congressional district
1789–1793
Succeeded by
Philip Van Cortlandt
Preceded by
William Paulding Jr.
United States Representative from New York's 2nd congressional district
1813
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William Irving
This page was last edited on 30 July 2019, at 22:03
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