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Edward Stanley (bishop)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Edward Stanley
Bishop of Norwich
Bp Edward Stanley by Friedrich Bischoff.jpg
DioceseDiocese of Norwich
In office1837–1849
PredecessorHenry Bathurst
SuccessorSamuel Hinds
Personal details
Born(1779-01-01)1 January 1779
Died6 September 1849(1849-09-06) (aged 70)
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
SpouseCatherine Leycester
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge
An 1803 portrait of Bishop Stanley by James Green.
An 1803 portrait of Bishop Stanley by James Green.

Edward Stanley, FRS (1 January 1779 – 6 September 1849) was an English clergyman who served as Bishop of Norwich between 1837 and 1849. He set about combating laxity and want of discipline among the clergy.

Early life

Born in London into a notable Cheshire family, Stanley was the second son of Sir John Thomas Stanley FRSE, 6th Baronet of Alderley, and the younger brother of John Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley.

Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (16th wrangler, 1802), he was ordained in 1802 and three years later became rector of Alderley, Cheshire, a position he held for the next 32 years.[1] While there he took a great interest in education, and encouraged especially the teaching of secular subjects at his school.[2]

Episcopal discipline

In 1837 he was consecrated Bishop of Norwich and appointed Clerk of the Closet, holding both positions until his death. The diocese at this time was conspicuous for laxity and want of discipline, which he proceeded to remedy, although at first he met with much opposition. Ordinations and confirmations were held more regularly and frequently, schools were properly inspected, the Plurality Act, which prohibited the holding of more than one benefice by a clergyman except in certain cases, was enforced, and undesirable clergy were removed.

Stanley showed tolerance towards Dissenters and supported all missionary undertakings, without regard for their sectarian associations. In politics he was a Liberal and devoted himself especially to educational questions.[2]

Other work

Stanley's letters, Before and after Waterloo (edited by J. H. Adeane and M. Grenfell, 1907), are of interest to students of Napoleonic history.[2]

Bishop Stanley was the original Patron of the Ipswich Museum and presided at its opening in 1847. A portrait of him in oils is displayed there.[3] From 1837 to 1849 he was President of the Linnean Society.

Death and succession

Edward Stanley died in 1849 and was buried in the nave of Norwich cathedral. He had married Catherine, eldest daughter of Oswald Leycester (another notable Cheshire family) in 1810. They had five children, including Owen Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn Stanley and Mary Stanley.

He was succeeded by Samuel Hinds, a broad-churchman with strong associations with the Maoris of New Zealand, notably the Ngati Kuri and Te Patu tribes.

Cultural reference

Stanley appears as a character in Alan Garner's novel Strandloper.

References

  1. ^ "Stanley, Edward (STNY798E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ R. A. D. Markham, A Rhino in High Street (Ipswich Borough Council 1991).

External links

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Henry Bathurst
Bishop of Norwich
1837–1849
Succeeded by
Samuel Hinds


This page was last edited on 12 February 2020, at 02:36
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