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Edward Salomon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edward Salomon
Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon.jpg
8th Governor of Wisconsin
In office
April 19, 1862 – January 4, 1864
LieutenantVacant
Preceded byLouis P. Harvey
Succeeded byJames T. Lewis
8th Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
In office
January 6, 1862 – April 19, 1862
GovernorLouis P. Harvey
Preceded byButler G. Noble
Succeeded byWyman Spooner
Personal details
Born(1828-08-11)August 11, 1828
Ströbeck, Saxony, Prussia
DiedApril 21, 1909(1909-04-21) (aged 80)
Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
Resting placeAlter Jüdischer Friedhof
Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
Political partyRepublican
Democratic (before 1861)
Spouse(s)Elise (Nebel) Salomon
MotherDorothea (Klussman) Salomon
FatherChristoph Salomon
RelativesCharles Eberhard Salomon (brother)
Frederich Salomon (brother)
Herman Salomon (brother)
Edward S. Salomon (cousin)
ProfessionTeacher
Surveyor
Lawyer
Politician

Edward Salomon (August 11, 1828 – April 21, 1909) was a German American politician and the 8th Governor of Wisconsin, having ascended to office from the Lieutenant Governorship after the accidental drowning of his predecessor, Louis P. Harvey. He was the first Jewish Governor of Wisconsin.

Early life

Salomon was born in Ströbeck, in the Province of Saxony, in what was then the Kingdom of Prussia. He was the son of Dorothea (Klussman) and Christoph Salomon. He attended the University of Berlin, but as a revolutionary sympathizer, fled the country in 1849. He immigrated to the United States and settled in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where he was a school teacher, a surveyor, and served as deputy circuit court clerk. In 1852 he moved to Milwaukee, where he read law, was admitted to the bar in 1855, and set up a law practice with Winfield Smith. Haaretz published in 2014 that Salomon was Jewish and was also a cousin of Edward S. Salomon, the future Governor of the Washington Territory who was considered to be one of the highest ranking Jewish heroes in the American Civil War.[1]

Career

In 1860, Salomon changed from his Democratic party affiliations to support Abraham Lincoln for the presidency, and in 1861 was nominated by the Republican Party on their Union Party ticket as candidate for Lieutenant Governor. He ultimately won the election by a narrow margin. In 1862, when Governor Lewis P. Harvey drowned, Salomon became Wisconsin's first German-born and Jewish governor.

In 1862 Governor Salomon responded to a request from the War Department for more troops by asking for volunteers and setting up a draft. He was able to raise 14 regiments. Salomon had to call up federal troops to quell the Port Washington Draft Riot. Suppression of the rioters with use of federal troops cost him the 1864 Republican nomination.[2][3]

Salomon's brothers, Frederick C. Salomon and Charles Eberhard Salomon, served as officers in the Union Army. On July 18, 1862, Frederick was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as a brigadier general of volunteers to rank from July 16, 1862.[4] President Lincoln submitted the nomination to the U.S. Senate on May 17, 1862 and the Senate confirmed the appointment on July 16, 1862.[4] Charles served as colonel of the 5th Missouri Volunteer Infantry (3 months, 1861) and on September 26, 1862 rejoined the army and succeeded Frederick as colonel of the 9th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment.[5] On March 13, 1865, his cousin Edward S. Salomon was made a brigadier general for his “distinguished gallantry and meritorious service.”[1] On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Charles Eberhard Salomon for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[6]

In 1864, Salomon resumed his law practice in Milwaukee. In 1869 he moved to New York City, where he continued his law practice for a number of years as legal representative for various important German interests. When he retired in 1894, he returned to Germany and lived there until his death.[7]

Death

Salomon died April 21, 1909 in Germany at Frankfurt am Main. He was buried at Frankfurt's Alter Jüdischer Friedhof ("Old Jewish Cemetery").

Family life

Son of Christoph and Dorothea Klussman Salomon, he married Elise Nebel. He had three brothers, Charles Eberhard Salomon, Frederich Salomon, and Herman Salomon who were involved in the American Civil War.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/1913-civil-war-hero-governor-dies-1.5255885
  2. ^ "Salomon, Gov. Edward 1828 - 1909". Wisconsin Historical Society. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013.
  3. ^ "Wisconsin's Salomon Brothers in the Civil War". Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War.
  4. ^ a b Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 727.
  5. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 468
  6. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 756.
  7. ^ "Edward Salomon | Painting". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 25 May 2014.

External links


Political offices
Preceded by
Butler Noble
Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
1862
Succeeded by
Wyman Spooner
Preceded by
Louis P. Harvey
Governor of Wisconsin
1862–1864
Succeeded by
James T. Lewis
This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 16:09
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