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Edmund Waddill Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edmund Waddill Jr.
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
In office
June 2, 1921 – April 9, 1931
Appointed byWarren G. Harding
Preceded byJeter Connelly Pritchard
Succeeded byMorris Ames Soper
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
In office
March 22, 1898 – June 9, 1921
Appointed byWilliam McKinley
Preceded byRobert William Hughes
Succeeded byDuncan Lawrence Groner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district
In office
April 12, 1890 – March 3, 1891
Preceded byGeorge D. Wise
Succeeded byGeorge D. Wise
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Henrico County
In office
December 2, 1885 – December 4, 1889
Preceded byMartin W. Hazlewood
Succeeded byJoseph B. Davis
United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia
In office
Appointed byChester A. Arthur
Preceded byJohn Sergeant Wise
Personal details
Edmund Waddill Jr.

(1855-05-22)May 22, 1855
Charles City County, Virginia
DiedApril 9, 1931(1931-04-09) (aged 75)
Richmond, Virginia
Resting placeHollywood Cemetery
Richmond, Virginia
Political partyRepublican
EducationUniversity of Virginia
read law

Edmund Waddill Jr. (May 22, 1855 – April 9, 1931) was Virginia lawyer and Republican politician who became a United States Representative from Virginia's 3rd congressional district, as well as served as both a trial and appellate judge. Before his legislative service, he was a Virginia trial judge, and afterward became a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia and still later served on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.

Early life and education

Born in Charles City County, Virginia,[1] Waddill was educated by private tutors and attended Norwood Academy.[2] He was a deputy clerk of the courts of Charles City, New Kent, Hanover, and Henrico counties and of the circuit court of Richmond, Virginia.[2] He studied law at the University of Virginia and read law in 1877

Early career

Admitted to the Virginia bar, Wadill began a private legal practice in Hanover County from 1877 to 1878, then moved to Richmond, where he practiced in the city and surrounding Henrico County from 1878 to 1880.[1] In 1880, the Virginia General Assembly named him a Judge of the County Court of Henrico County. He served for three years (to 1883) before resigning to take the position of United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia (from 1883 to 1885).[1] Waddill then resumed his private legal practice as well as successfully ran for the Virginia House of Delegates (a part time position) and was re-elected, serving from 1885 until 1889.[1]

Congressional service

As a Republican candidate, Waddill unsuccessfully ran for election in 1886 to the 50th United States Congress, but he successfully contested the election of United States Representative George D. Wise to the United States House of Representatives of the 51st United States Congress, then served from April 12, 1890, to March 3, 1891.[2] He was not a candidate for renomination in 1890, but instead resumed his legal practice in Richmond from 1891 to 1898.[2] He was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1892 and 1896.[2]

Judicial service

President William McKinley nominated Waddill on March 10, 1898, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia vacated by Judge Robert William Hughes.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 22, 1898, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on June 9, 1921, due to his elevation to the Fourth Circuit.[1]

Waddill was nominated by President Warren G. Harding on May 26, 1921, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit vacated by Judge Jeter Connelly Pritchard.[1] He was confirmed by the Senate on June 2, 1921, and received his commission the same day.[1] He was a member of the Conference of Senior Circuit Judges (now the Judicial Conference of the United States) from 1925 to 1930. His service terminated on April 9, 1931, due to his death in Richmond.[1]

Death and legacy

Judge Waddill was interred in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.[2] His son-in-law Menalcus Lankford helped revitalize the Republican party in Virginia's Tidewater region and also served 2 terms in congress, representing Virginia's 2nd Congressional district.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Edmund Waddill Jr. at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Edmund Waddill Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George D. Wise
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
George D. Wise
Legal offices
Preceded by
Robert William Hughes
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
Succeeded by
Duncan Lawrence Groner
Preceded by
Jeter Connelly Pritchard
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Succeeded by
Morris Ames Soper
This page was last edited on 12 March 2021, at 07:05
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