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Edirnekapı Martyr's Cemetery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edirnekapı Martyr's Cemetery
Edirnekapı şehitliği5.JPG
Edirnekapı Martyr's Cemetery
Shown within Istanbul Fatih
Details
Established1453 (?)
Location
CountryTurkey
Coordinates41°02′1.68″N 28°55′58.80″E / 41.0338000°N 28.9330000°E / 41.0338000; 28.9330000
Owned byTürk Şehitlikleri İmar Vakfı
WebsiteTürk Şehitlikleri İmar Vakfı website
The Monument of World War I Martyrs (Turkish: Harb-i Umumi Şehitler Abidesi), to commemorate the fallen Ottoman soldiers at the Gallipoli campaign, naugurated on August 30, 1926, at the entrance of the cemetery.
The Monument of World War I Martyrs (Turkish: Harb-i Umumi Şehitler Abidesi), to commemorate the fallen Ottoman soldiers at the Gallipoli campaign, naugurated on August 30, 1926, at the entrance of the cemetery.
Symbolic empty graves of Ottoman soldiers fallen during the Gallipoli campaign of World War I.
Symbolic empty graves of Ottoman soldiers fallen during the Gallipoli campaign of World War I.

The Edirnekapı Martyr's Cemetery (Turkish: Edirnekapı Şehitliği), one of the largest burial ground of Istanbul, Turkey, is located in the neighborhood of Edirnekapı of Eyüp district, in the European part of the city. It consists of an old, historical part and a modern one. War graves of fallen Ottoman soldiers during the Balkan Wars, the Gallipoli campaign of World War I, graves of the Turkish Armed Forces military personnel and law enforcement officials, firefighters, Turkish Airlines personnel are part of the cemetery.[1]

History

The cemetery is said originally to have been formed with the graves of the Ottoman soldiers, who fell in the battle during the Second Ottoman Siege and Fall of Constantinople in 1453, where the last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI established his command and the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II made his triumphal entry into the conquered city. There is however no historical or archaeological evidence for this, the oldest known graves date from ca. 1600 AD.[citation needed] The cemetery is situated outside Edirnekapı (literally: Edirne Gate), historically the Gate of Charisius of the city walls, on top of the sixth hill of the old city.[1]

The old part of the cemetery, including an area called "Mısır Tarlası" (literally: Corn Field), hosts graves of personalities from the 16th to the early 20th centuries. The other part of the cemetery consists of two grounds, Edirnekapı Cemetery and Sakızağacı Cemetery. Soldiers, who fought and were wounded in the Russo-Turkish Wars, Balkan Wars and the World War I, and died in Istanbul after hospitalization, were interred in Edirnekapı Cemetery. The General Command of Mapping denotes the number of such historical graves with around 13,000.[1]

Military personnel of the Turkish Army, Navy and Air Force, personnel of the police force, firefighters and Turkish Airlines have all separate sections in the cemetery.[1]

Notable burials

Listed alphabetically:

In the historic part
In the modern part

Gallert

References

  1. ^ a b c d Güven, Erman. "Edirnekapı Şehitliği" (in Turkish). Türk Şehitlikleri İmar Vakfı. Retrieved 20 August 2019.

External links

  • Hans-Peter Laqueur, Osmanische Friedhöfe und Grabsteine in Istanbul (=Istanbuler Mitteilungen, Beiheft 38) Tübingen (Ernst Wasmuth Verlag) 1993, pp. 19–25
This page was last edited on 28 September 2019, at 18:41
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