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Edinburgh Monarchs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edinburgh Monarchs
Edinburgh Monarchs Speedway 2015.png
Club information
Track addressArmadale Stadium
Bathgate Road
West Lothian
Founded1928; 95 years ago (1928)
Team managerAlex Harkess and John Campbell
LeagueSGB Championship
Websiteofficial website
Club facts
ColoursBlue and gold
Track size260 metres (280 yd)
Track record time54.0 seconds
Track record date30 May 2014
Track record holderCraig Cook
Current team
Rider CMA
Australia Josh Pickering
England Craig Cook
Australia Kye Thomson
Italy Michele Paco Castagna
Norway Lasse Fredriksen
Australia Jacob Hook
England Kyle Bickley
Major team honours
Premier League2003, 2008, 2010, 2014, 2015
Premier League KO Cup1997,1999, 2014
Premier League Cup2014, 2015
Premier Trophy2008
National League/BL Div 2 Fours Championship1981, 1993
National League KO Cup1981
Premier League Fours Championship2013, 2015
Scottish Cup2018
Queens cup1953

The Edinburgh Monarchs are a Scottish Speedway team, currently based in Armadale. They compete in the SGB Championship, racing on Friday nights during the speedway season. The club is run by a board of directors, chaired by Alex Harkess. The club also runs a National Development League team called the Monarchs Academy (formerly the Armadale Devils).[1][2]


The club was founded in 1928 and operated at Marine Gardens, Portobello in 1929, 1930, 1931, 1938 and 1939. A few team matches were staged in 1929 and an Edinburgh team competed in the Northern League in 1930. The Edinburgh team of 1938 and 1939 was known as The Thistles and they staged a number of challenge matches.

1948 to 1969: Meadowbank and Coatbridge

After the Second World War, Marine Gardens was not available and the potential of Old Meadowbank, then the home of Leith Athletic F.C., was said to have been spotted by Ian Hoskins. The Monarchs (Meadowbank Monarchs) were re-established in 1948 by a consortium including Frank Varey, ex-rider and Sheffield promoter, and R.L.Rae, a local Edinburgh businessman.

The team operated at Old Meadowbank 1948 in the National League Second Division until midway through 1954. The team finished at the bottom of the league in 1948 but improved to a best place of third before closure in 1954. Under its promoter Ian Hoskins from 1960 until 1964 the Monarchs raced in the Provincial League and were founder members of the British League that ran from 1965 to 1967. The track was used for practice sessions between 1957 and 1959.[3]

Old Meadowbank Stadium had been purchased by the City of Edinburgh Council from Leith Athletic in 1956. Following their successful bid to host the 1970 Commonwealth Games they decided to redevelop the site of the stadium and surrounding area. The Monarchs were evicted as Speedway was not incorporated into the new Meadowbank Stadium plans due to the government of the day refusing to fund stadia which would be used by professional sports. The new stadium sits immediately west of Old Meadowbank essentially on the site of the old running track known as New Meadowbank. The team moved en bloc to a new track at Cliftonhill, Coatbridge (nearer to Glasgow than Edinburgh) and operated as the Coatbridge Monarchs for the 1968 and 1969 seasons before the track licence was sold to Wembley.

Speedway at Powderhall Stadium, 1982
Speedway at Powderhall Stadium, 1982

1977 to 1996: Powderhall and Shawfield

Speedway returned to Edinburgh in 1977, with the Monarchs racing at Powderhall Stadium from 1977 until 1995. During the 1995 season, the company operating Powderhall ran into financial difficulty, and the stadium was sold to a housing company for redevelopment. This meant the Monarchs were again evicted.

In 1996, the Monarchs' rivals Glasgow Tigers closed down, so with a stadium not in use in Glasgow, and the Monarchs without a home in Edinburgh, the Monarchs' moved to Shawfield Stadium, Glasgow to form the Scottish Monarchs. Many Tigers fans refused to support what they saw as a team of old rivals, and although Monarchs fans initially travelled through to Glasgow, crowd numbers soon fell.

1997 onwards: Armadale

In 1997, the Monarchs left Glasgow after gaining permission to operate at Armadale Stadium, where they continue to operate to this day.[3]

The Monarchs have won the Premier League championship five times in their history, in 2003[4] again in 2008[5] in 2010, in 2014, and once more in 2015.

Edinburgh took part in the first Premier League Promotion Play-off in 2008 when they faced Wolverhampton. Although they put up a valiant fight, they lost the tie on aggregate.[6] Despite finishing runners up in 2009 they faced Belle Vue in the Premier League Promotion Play-off losing both legs.

Recent plans of the supermarket chain Sainsburys to redevelop Armadale Stadium fell through after the planning application was rejected.[7]

Edinburgh secured another Premier League title in the 2010 season, their third in seven years. The Championship was secured by winning away at Stoke's Loomer Road track, with Edinburgh riders Ryan Fisher and Kevin Wölbert going through the card unbeaten.[8]

The Monarchs lost out on another League Championship in 2013 losing narrowly to winners Somerset, though took some consolation by securing the Premier League Fours.

The 2014 Monarchs had a very successful season winning the Premier League Cup, the Knock Out Cup and the Premier League, while going on a 27 match unbeaten run. With Sam Masters and Max Fricke representing Edinburgh in the Premier Pairs while Craig Cook was at practice for the British GP. Edinburgh won in a last heat decider against Somerset in a re-match from the season before, Sam Masters and Craig Cook had to get a 5–1 in heat 15 against Nick Morris and Pontus Aspregen. Edinburgh were on a 5–1 until Aspegren put the bike down to try to get a rerun. But there was no chance Morris would catch the home pair, with the title heading back to Scotland.

The 2015 Monarchs topped their qualifying section in the League Cup before seeing off Ipswich in the semi-finals to progress on to defeat Glasgow on aggregate in the Final. They just missed out on the KO Cup to Somerset, however made up for this by securing the Premier League Fours. The Monarchs topped the Premier League after the regular season and went on to retain their title with another aggregate victory over Glasgow in the Premier League Championship Final.

Since then it hasn't been as easy going for the Monarchs. In 2016 team building saw Edinburgh keep Masters, Erik Riss, Clegg and Wölbert from the 2015 league winners. With Craig Cook and Justin Sedgmen both going Elite League only. Rob Branford also moving on. With Edinburgh signing newcomer Jye Etheridge (replaced by Erik's brother Mark) and Dan Bewley. Along with the return of club legend Ryan Fisher. Edinburgh exited the League Cup in group stage with a home defeat to Berwick being the killer for the Monarchs. They exited the KO Cup in the quarter final to the hands of bitter rivals Glasgow. Edinburgh qualified for the Playoffs. They faced Ipswich in the quarter-finals, but made the task as tough as they could really after a 26-point deficit ahead of the second leg at Armadale but with only 16 points pulled back it was the end of the season for the Monarchs. In the Premier League 4's Edinburgh got knocked out in the semi-finals by 1 point. In the Pairs Edinburgh represented by Masters and Fisher, were runners up to hosts Somerset. Edinburgh in the Premier League Riders Championship were represented by Sam Masters, who came second.

In 2017 again it was a season of change for Edinburgh Ryan Fisher retired from British racing, Dan Bewley moving on due to Belle Vue riding a Friday and Kevin Wölbert all moving on. Masters, Erik and Mark Riss and Max Clegg re-signing. Mitchell Davey returned to Edinburgh for the first time since a horrible injury in 2013 at Sheffield. Newcomer Josh Pickering and Armadale specialist Ricky swells completed the team. Edinburgh exited the KO Cup to Sheffield at the earliest opportunity to Sheffield. Edinburgh came close to a semi-final in the Pairs but missed out by a point. In the Championship Riders Individual. Sam Masters won his first ride but had machinery issues after that, Ricky Wells made the semi-final but came at the back in the semi-final. In the 4s Edinburgh faced a tough task without Sam Masters who got a broken collarbone the night before, and were eliminated early on. Edinburgh again qualified for the playoffs, again faced Ipswich and again came up short.

Season summary (1st team)

Extended content
Year and league Position Notes
1930 Speedway Northern League 8th rode as the Thistles
1948 Speedway National League Division Two 9th
1949 Speedway National League Division Two 5th
1950 Speedway National League Division Two 8th
1951 Speedway National League Division Two 3rd
1952 Speedway National League Division Two 6th
1953 Speedway National League Division Two 5th
1954 Speedway National League Division Two N/A withdrew, results expunged
1960 Provincial Speedway League 8th
1961 Provincial Speedway League 6th
1962 Provincial Speedway League 5th
1963 Provincial Speedway League 8th
1964 Provincial Speedway League 5th
1965 British League season 17th
1966 British League season 12th
1967 British League season 4th
1968 British League season 8th rode as Coatbridge Monarchs
1969 British League season 11th rode as Coatbridge Monarchs
1977 National League season 15th
1978 National League season 15th
1979 National League season 17th
1980 National League season 5th
1981 National League season 4th
1982 National League season 14th
1983 National League season 9th
1984 National League season 16th
1985 National League season 19th
1986 National League season 9th
1987 National League season 10th
1988 National League season 11th
1989 National League season 8th
1990 National League season 13th
1991 British League Division Two season 4th
1992 British League Division Two season 7th
1993 British League Division Two season 5th
1994 British League Division Two season 3rd
1995 Premier League speedway season 9th
1996 Premier League speedway season 12th rodes as the Scottish Monarchs
1997 Premier League speedway season 3rd Knockout Cup winners
1998 Premier League speedway season 9th
1999 Premier League speedway season 3rd Knockout Cup winners
2000 Premier League speedway season 6th
2001 Premier League speedway season 8th
2002 Premier League speedway season 9th
2003 Premier League speedway season 1st champions
2004 Premier League speedway season 12th
2005 Premier League speedway season 5th
2006 Premier League speedway season 12th
2007 Premier League speedway season 13th
2008 Premier League speedway season 1st
2009 Premier League speedway season 2nd PO winners
2010 Premier League speedway season 1st PO semi finals
2011 Premier League speedway season 11th
2012 Premier League speedway season 5th
2013 Premier League speedway season 4th Premier League Fours
2014 Premier League speedway season 1st champions & Knockout Cup winners
2015 Premier League speedway season 1st champions
2016 Premier League speedway season 4th
SGB Championship 2017 3rd
SGB Championship 2018 6th
SGB Championship 2019 8th
SGB Championship 2021 5th PO semi final
SGB Championship 2022 5th PO semi final

Season summary (juniors)

Extended content
Year and league Position Notes
2003 Speedway Conference League N/A Armadale Devils, Cup semi final
2004 Speedway Conference League 4th Armadale Dale Devils
2005 Speedway Conference League 5th Armadale Dale Devils
2021 National Development League speedway season 6th Armadale Devils
2022 National Development League speedway season 8th Armadale Devils
2023 National Development League speedway season tbd Monarchs Academy

Previous riders by season

Extended content

2006 team

2007 team

Also Rode

2008 team

2009 team

Also rode:

2010 team

Also Rode:

2011 team

Also rode

2012 team

Also Rode

2013 team

Also rode

  • Germany Marcel Helfer

Signed but failed to obtain necessary paperwork

2014 team

2015 team

2016 team

Also rode

  • Australia Jye Ethridge

2017 team

2018 team

Also Rode

2019 team

Also Rode

2021 team

2022 team

Team honours

  • Premier League Champions: 2003, 2008, 2010, 2014, 2015
  • Premier Trophy Winners: 2008, 2014, 2015
  • Premier League Knockout Cup Winners: 1997, 1999, 2014
  • Premier League Four-Team Championship Winners: 1981,1993, 2013, 2015
  • Premier League Pairs Championship Winners: 2014
  • National League Knockout Cup Winners: 1981
  • National League Pairs Winners: 1986
  • Scottish Cup Winners: 1951, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1977, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010
  • Queen's Cup Winners: 1953
  • North Shield Winners: 1951

Individual Honours

Championships won while an Edinburgh Monarchs rider.

World Championship

Premier League Riders' Championship

Scottish Championship

Australian Solo Championship

Australian Under-21 Championship

South Australian Championship

Victorian Championship

Victorian Champion 1967/68 Bert Harkins.Scotland

Victorian Under-21 Championship


  1. ^ "Edinburgh Monarchs Academy enter NDL". British Speedway. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  2. ^ "Armdale Enter National Development League". Edinburgh Monarchs. 16 December 2019.
  3. ^ a b Henry, J.; Moultray, I. (2001). Speedway in Scotland. Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2229-4.
  4. ^ "Campbell hails his 'dream team'". The Scotsman. 6 October 2003. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  5. ^ "Monarchs handed the title as Rebels fail at Birmingham". Edinburgh Evening News. 25 September 2006. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  6. ^ "Edinburgh Monarchs | Official Club Website". 24 October 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2010.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Edinburgh Monarchs | Official Club Website". 21 May 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Match Centre". Edinburgh Monarchs. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  9. ^ "Edinburgh Monarchs | Official Club Website". 21 August 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2010.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Bamford, R. & Shailes, G. (2002). A History of the World Speedway Championship. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2402-5
This page was last edited on 19 January 2023, at 16:50
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