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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edge Lane
Edge Lane, Liverpool June 24, 2012 (14).jpg
Edge Lane after widening, June 2012
Part ofA5047 road
Length1.7 mi[1] (2.7 km)
LocationFairfield, Liverpool
Postal codeL7
Coordinates53°24′26″N 2°57′30″W / 53.40730°N 2.95826°W / 53.40730; -2.95826
Other
Known for

Edge Lane is a main road running from the periphery of Liverpool city centre at Hall Lane towards the M62 motorway. Edge Lane technically comprises two roads, that of 'Edge Lane' and that of 'Edge Lane Drive' and passes through the districts of Old Swan, Kensington, Wavertree and Edge Hill. It forms part of the A5047.

The road appears in historical records from the 16th century and remained rural until houses and streets were constructed along the route during the 19th century. Following a project to widen the road in 2012, numerous properties were demolished to facilitate the route becoming dual carriageway, which in 2008 was described as being one of Merseyside's "biggest traffic bottlenecks" into the city centre as a result of rush hour congestion.[2]

There is a large leisure park on the route containing various amenities such as a cinema, bowling alley and fast food outlets.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The road is so-named given it runs along the edge of West Derby, parallel with the division between Wavertree,[3] whilst Edge Hill takes its name directly from the road. The first records of Edge Lane are from 1539, when it was identified as a packhorse track to Prescot. Heavy traffic of coal resulted in the Prescot section of the road falling into a state of disrepair, as noted by the first Act of Parliament dealing with the highway in 1745.[4] The oldest surviving house is 115 Edge Lane, also known as Adelaide House, a Grade II listed building.[5]

Many merchant princes of Liverpool were born or resided at Edge Lane or the neighbouring Edge Hill.[6] Gores directory of Liverpool from 1825 and 1827 show houses being occupied by a mixture of merchants and gentry rather than workers of a single predominant trade. The 1881 census further suggests a diverse mixture of residents, including merchants, teachers and journalists, a trend that continued into the side streets.[5] By 1875, many of the houses that adorned Edge Lane had already been constructed and by this time it was considered an attractive suburb, largely due to it being rural, with clean air and a higher quality of housing.[7] Houses built along Edge Lane typically were constructed as three storeys, compared to two storey housing on the streets parallel and off the road.[5]

A view of Edge Lane, Liverpool looking East in 1912
A view of Edge Lane, Liverpool looking East in 1912

In the early 20th century, an eastern section named Edge Lane Drive appeared on maps, although was not a direct extension to Edge Lane as streets of houses split the two into distinctly separate roads.[8] A map from 1895 shows the road was built over fields immediately south of Oak Hill Park.[9] By 1925, the street that had separated the two roads, Springfield Street, ceased to exist on maps and the south half of the street's housing had been demolished to accommodate a direct link between the two roads.[10] A map from 1938 shows Edge Lane Drive extending further east into Broad Green,[11] although this section would later become known as Thomas Drive.[12]

During construction of the M62 motorway, original plans intended for the motorway to start from Liverpool's City Centre and run along the path of Edge Lane, however economic decline during the 1970s and the cost to demolish significant number of properties meant this plan never came to fruition. The current start of the motorway is known as junction 5, as Edge Lane was planned to form part of the first section and junctions.[13]

Edge Lane Project

Boarded up properties for demolition, August 2009
Boarded up properties for demolition, August 2009

Edge Lane underwent significant road widening, known as the Edge Lane project, during 2010-2012 estimated to cost £20.4m in 2010. For the widening to be viable, 371 houses were compulsory purchased by Liverpool City Council to be demolished in order for the project to take place, to be replaced with 188 new homes.[14] In 2004, there were 131 empty houses in the Edge Lane West area, of which only four properties were owned privately with the rest owned by social landlords, who purposely kept properties empty to encourage tenants to leave the area.[15]

A public enquiry into the scheme was held in 2006 which resulted in a decision that homes should be demolished to allow the scheme to take place, a decision which was upheld by then Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott in February 2006.[16] Work on this part of the development did not commence and instead was delayed when the compulsory purchase order was challenged in the high court on a technical matter by one property owner from Adderley Street,[17] who in 2006 won a High Court injunction to prevent demolition work from continuing.[18] Campaigners challenged the compulsory purchase order at the high court in 2006[19] and were ultimately successful in having it quashed in November 2006.[20]

Properties being demolished in March 2010
Properties being demolished in March 2010

Ministers approved a second order in September 2008, following a second public enquiry, to allow the council to acquire the last remaining properties.[21] By the time the second order was issued, around 70 residents had yet to reach any agreement for the sale of their property,[22] although roughly 90% of the properties affected were already either purchased or were in the process of being purchased.[20]

Former Leader of Liverpool City Council, Warren Bradley, suggested that the scheme to regenerate the Edge Lane area had the overwhelming support of residents.[20] In the lead up to European Capital of Culture 2008, the properties were given a fresher look by being covered in colourful decorated boarding showing images culturally important to the city. The second High Court challenge was dismissed in March 2009, allowing the compulsory purchase of remaining properties and for the scheme to go ahead.[23]

The widened road, a dual-carriageway to and from the M62 motorway, opened in March 2012 at total cost of £57m including costs to demolish houses along the route.[24]

Transport connections

Edge Lane railway station was a former station that operated on the Canada Dock Branch, before it closed in May 1948. Bus route 7 (to Warrington) runs the full length of the road.

Buildings of interest

Listed buildings

91 Edge Lane, Maple Hotel
91 Edge Lane, Maple Hotel

Edge Lane has several Grade II listed buildings.[25]

Number/Name Grade Year listed Description
91 II 1985 1840s built house, now Maple Hotel
293 II 1975 1846 built house
307 II 1985 1850s built house, now part of convent
311 II 1975 1850s built house
Adelaide House II 1975 1830s built house
Lodge to Botanic Gardens II 1975 Lodge, dated 1836

Notable places

Wavertree Botanic Gardens, off Edge Lane
Wavertree Botanic Gardens, off Edge Lane

Amongst the more notable places of interest along Edge Lane include Edge Lane Retail Park,Littlewoods Pools building, The Grange and Wavertree Botanic Park and Gardens.

References

Citations

  1. ^ Length of Edge Lane (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Bottleneck road scheme approved". BBC News. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  3. ^ Hand 1915, p. 4.
  4. ^ Hoult 1913, p. 105.
  5. ^ a b c "Edge Lane West, Liverpool: Historical Assessment". Shane Kelleher. July 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. ^ Hand 1915, p. 104.
  7. ^ Hand 1915, p. 108.
  8. ^ "Side by side OS map of Edge Lane, circa 1900". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  9. ^ "OS 6-inch map, Liverpool, 1895". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  10. ^ "OS 6-inch map, Liverpool, 1925". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  11. ^ "OS 6-inch map, Liverpool, 1938". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Side by side OS map of Edge Lane, 1937-61". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Why does the M62 start at junction 5?". Liverpool Echo. 26 February 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Liverpool council 'saves' Edge Lane project from government cuts". Liverpool Echo. 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  15. ^ "A granny in the front line against New Labour". The Spectator. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Prescott backs homes' demolition". BBC News. 15 February 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Edge Lane redevelopment campaigner Elizabeth Pascoe says she will never get over home eviction". Liverpool Echo. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Scheme opponents may lose homes". BBC News. 10 July 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Homes demolition plan challenged". BBC News. 24 March 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  20. ^ a b c "Green light for Edge Lane scheme". BBC News. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Edge Lane residents: We'll fight on for our homes". Liverpool Echo. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Scheme opponents may lose homes". BBC News. 10 July 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  23. ^ "High Court dismisses challenge to Edge Lane West, Liverpool Compulsory Purchase Order". Landmark Chambers. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Liverpool's Edge Lane widening to be finished in March". Liverpool Echo. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  25. ^ "Listed Buildings in Kensington and Fairfield Ward, Liverpool". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 4 November 2018.

Sources

Sources taken from Edge Lane West, Liverpool: Historical Assessment 2007

  • Hand, C (1915). The History of Edge Hill.
  • Hoult, J (1913). West Derby, Old Swan, and Wavertree.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 November 2018, at 23:14
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