To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
(E.D. Va.)
LocationAlbert V. Bryan U.S. Courthouse
More locations
Appeals toFourth Circuit
EstablishedFebruary 4, 1819
Chief JudgeMark Steven Davis
Officers of the court
U.S. AttorneyRaj Parekh (acting)
U.S. MarshalNick Edward Proffitt
The Norfolk courthouse for the United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia
The Norfolk courthouse for the United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia
The Richmond courthouse for the United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia
The Richmond courthouse for the United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (in case citations, E.D. Va.) is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia. It has jurisdiction over the Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads, and Richmond metro areas and surrounding locations with courthouses located in Alexandria, Norfolk, Richmond and Newport News (whose judges are shared with Norfolk).

Appeals from the Eastern District of Virginia are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).


The United States District Court for the District of Virginia was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789.[1][2]

On February 13, 1801, the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, divided Virginia into three judicial districts: the District of Virginia, which included the counties west of the Tidewater and south of the Rappahannock River; the District of Norfolk, which included the Tidewater counties south of the Rappahannock; and the District of Potomac, which included the counties north and east of the Rappahannock as well as Maryland counties along the Potomac.[2] Just over a year later, on March 8, 1802, the Judiciary Act of 1801 was repealed and Virginia became a single District again, 2 Stat. 132, effective July 1, 1802.[2]

The District of Virginia was subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts on February 4, 1819, by 3 Stat. 478.[1][2] At that time, West Virginia was still part of Virginia, and was encompassed in Virginia's Western District, while the Eastern District essentially covered what is now the entire state of Virginia. With the division of West Virginia from Virginia during the American Civil War, the Western District of Virginia became the District of West Virginia, and those parts of the Western District that were not part of West Virginia were combined with the Eastern District to again form a single District of Virginia on June 11, 1864, by 13 Stat. 124.[2] Congress again divided Virginia into the Eastern and Western Districts on February 3, 1871, by 16 Stat. 403.[2]

During the 1960s, Judge Albert V. Bryan Jr. ran the Alexandria court, often ruled cases on the spot after motions were argued. The court earned the nickname of "rocket docket" for the speed and efficiency for which it processes its cases. Since 1997, the court has processed civil cases the fastest of the 94 federal districts, and eighth fastest in dealing with criminal cases.[3] Courts at Richmond are located in the Spottswood W. Robinson III and Robert R. Merhige Jr. Federal Courthouse,[4] having previously been held in the historic Lewis F. Powell Jr. United States Courthouse.


Map of the United States District Courts in Virginia, showing the boundaries of the Eastern and Western Districts, and their divisions.
Map of the United States District Courts in Virginia, showing the boundaries of the Eastern and Western Districts, and their divisions.

The Eastern District of Virginia court's jurisdiction covers slightly over six million people, comprising approximately 85% of the state's population. It jurisdiction is grouped into four geographic divisions:

Alexandria Division

View of the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia at Alexandria, Virginia.
View of the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia at Alexandria, Virginia.

The Alexandria Division covers the counties of suburban Washington, D.C.: Alexandria, Arlington, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford, and includes the independent cities of Fairfax City, Manassas, Manassas Park, and Falls Church.

Richmond Division

The Richmond Division comprises the counties of Amelia, Brunswick, Caroline, Charles City, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Essex, Goochland, Greensville, Hanover, Henrico, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, New Kent, Northumberland, Nottoway, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince George, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Surry, Sussex, and Westmoreland, as well as independent cities such as Colonial Heights. [5]

Norfolk Division

Norfolk Division includes the counties of Accomack, Northampton, Isle of Wight, Southampton, and independent cities such as Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach.

Newport News Division

The Newport News Division includes the counties of Gloucester, Mathews, York County, and cities such as Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, and Williamsburg.

United States Attorney

The current Acting U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia is Raj Parekh, serving as prosecution for criminal cases brought by the federal government, and representing the United States in civil cases in the court. The U.S. Attorney's office also manages the Project Safe Neighborhoods program within the district to reduce gun violence (part of a nationwide program), and is involved with federal initiatives on drug trafficking, terrorism, cybercrime, and the prevention/combating of elder care abuse.[6] Neil MacBride and Chuck Rosenberg previously served as U.S. Attorneys for the Eastern District of Virginia.

Current judges

As of June 1, 2021:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
40 Chief Judge Mark Steven Davis Norfolk 1962 2008–present 2018–present G.W. Bush
33 District Judge Leonie Brinkema Alexandria 1944 1993–present Clinton
34 District Judge Raymond Alvin Jackson Norfolk 1949 1993–present Clinton
42 District Judge John A. Gibney Jr. Richmond 1951 2010–present Obama
43 District Judge Arenda L. Wright Allen Norfolk 1960 2011–present Obama
44 District Judge M. Hannah Lauck Richmond 1963 2014–present Obama
45 District Judge Rossie D. Alston Jr. Alexandria 1957 2019–present Trump
46 District Judge David J. Novak Richmond 1961 2019–present Trump
47 District Judge Roderick C. Young Richmond 1966 2020–present Trump
48 District Judge vacant
49 District Judge vacant
26 Senior Judge Robert G. Doumar Norfolk 1930 1981–1997 1997–present Reagan
27 Senior Judge Claude M. Hilton Alexandria 1940 1985–2005 1997–2004 2005–present Reagan
29 Senior Judge T. S. Ellis III Alexandria 1940 1987–2007 2007–present Reagan
30 Senior Judge Rebecca Beach Smith Norfolk 1949 1989–2019 2011–2018 2019–present G.H.W. Bush
31 Senior Judge Henry Coke Morgan Jr. Norfolk 1935 1992–2004 2004–present G.H.W. Bush
32 Senior Judge Robert E. Payne Richmond 1941 1992–2007 2007–present G.H.W. Bush
37 Senior Judge Henry E. Hudson Richmond 1947 2002–2018 2018–present G.W. Bush
39 Senior Judge Liam O'Grady Alexandria 1950 2007–2020 2020–present G.W. Bush
41 Senior Judge Anthony Trenga Alexandria 1949 2008–2021 2021–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations

Seat Prior judge's duty station Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
9 Alexandria Liam O'Grady Senior status May 1, 2020
10 Anthony Trenga June 1, 2021
3 Richmond John A. Gibney Jr. November 1, 2021[7]

Former judges

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 St. George Tucker VA 1752–1827 1813–1825[Note 1]  Madison resignation
2 George Hay VA 1765–1830 1825–1830[Note 2] J.Q. Adams death
3 Philip P. Barbour VA 1783–1841 1830–1836[Note 3]  Jackson elevation to Supreme Court
4 Peter Vivian Daniel VA 1784–1860 1836–1841  Jackson elevation to Supreme Court
5 John Y. Mason VA 1799–1859 1841–1844  Van Buren resignation
6 James Dandridge Halyburton VA 1803–1879 1844–1861  Tyler resignation
7 John Curtiss Underwood VA 1809–1873 1863–1873[Note 4][Note 5]  Lincoln death
8 Robert William Hughes VA 1821–1901 1874–1898  Grant retirement
9 Edmund Waddill Jr. VA 1855–1931 1898–1921  McKinley elevation to 4th Cir.
10 Duncan Lawrence Groner VA 1873–1957 1921–1931  Harding elevation to D.C. Cir.
11 Luther B. Way VA 1879–1943 1931–1943  Hoover death
12 Robert Nelson Pollard VA 1880–1954 1936–1947 1947–1954 F. Roosevelt death
13 Charles Sterling Hutcheson VA 1894–1969 1944–1959 1948–1959 1959–1969 F. Roosevelt death
14 Albert Vickers Bryan VA 1899–1984 1947–1961 1959–1961  Truman elevation to 4th Cir.
15 Walter Edward Hoffman VA 1907–1996 1954–1974 1961–1973 1974–1996  Eisenhower death
16 Oren Ritter Lewis VA 1902–1983 1960–1974 1974–1983  Eisenhower death
17 John D. Butzner Jr. VA 1917–2006 1962–1967  Kennedy elevation to 4th Cir.
18 Richard Boykin Kellam VA 1909–1996 1967–1981 1973–1979 1981–1996 L. Johnson death
19 John Ashton MacKenzie VA 1917–2010 1967–1985 1979–1985 1985–1998 L. Johnson retirement
20 Robert R. Merhige Jr. VA 1919–2005 1967–1986 1986–1998 L. Johnson retirement
21 Albert Vickers Bryan Jr. VA 1926–2019 1971–1991 1985–1991 1991–2019  Nixon death
22 David Dortch Warriner VA 1929–1986 1974–1986  Nixon death
23 Joseph Calvitt Clarke Jr. VA 1920–2004 1974–1991 1991–2004  Ford death
24 Richard Leroy Williams VA 1923–2011 1980–1992 1992–2011  Carter death
25 James C. Cacheris VA 1933–present 1981–1998 1991–1997 1998–2018  Reagan retirement
28 James R. Spencer VA 1949–present 1986–2014 2004–2011 2014–2017  Reagan retirement
35 Jerome B. Friedman VA 1943–present 1997–2010 2010–2011  Clinton retirement
36 Gerald Bruce Lee VA 1952–present 1998–2017  Clinton retirement
38 Walter D. Kelley Jr. VA 1955–present 2004–2008 G.W. Bush resignation
  1. ^ Initially appointed to the United States District Court for the District of Virginia, reassigned by operation of law to the Eastern District of Virginia on February 4, 1819.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 13, 1825, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 31, 1826, and received commission the same day.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1830, confirmed by the Senate on December 16, 1830, and received commission the same day.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the Senate on January 25, 1864, and received commission the same day.
  5. ^ Reassigned to the United States District Court for the District of Virginia on June 11, 1864, reassigned to the Eastern District of Virginia on February 3, 1871.

Chief judges

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats

Notable cases

The Eastern District of Virginia has handled many notable cases, including:

See also


  1. ^ a b Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 388.
  2. ^ a b c d e f U.S. District Courts of Virginia, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Markon, Jerry (October 3, 2004). "A Double Dose of Molasses in the Rocket Docket". The Washington Post.
  4. ^ "Richmond Courthouse". Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  5. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 127(a)
  6. ^ U.S. Attorney's Office – Eastern District of Virginia – Priorities
  7. ^ Future Judicial Vacancies
  8. ^ a b c d United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, Notable cases
  9. ^ "Soudní jednání o vydání Kevina Dahlgrena začne 12. září" (in Czech). Týden. August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links

This page was last edited on 4 June 2021, at 17:33
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.