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East Timor (province)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

East Timor

Timor Timur (Indonesian)
Timor Lorosa'e (Tetum)
1976–1999
LocationEastTimor.svg
StatusUnrecognised Indonesian province
CapitalDili
Official languagesIndonesian
Recognised regional languagesBalinese, Fataluku, Javanese, Tetum, Sundanese, Uab Meto, other indigenous languages
Religion
GovernmentDe jure: Province
De facto: Military occupation
Governor 
• 1976–1978 (first)
Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo
• 1992–1999 (last)
José Abílio Osório Soaresa
LegislatureEast Timor Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD Timor Timur)
History 
17 July 1976
12 November 1991
• UNTAET established
25 October 1999
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)
ISO 3166 codeTL
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Portuguese Timor
United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
Today part of East Timor

East Timor (Indonesian: Timor Timur) was a de facto province of Indonesia, whose territory corresponded to the previous Portuguese Timor and to the presently independent country of Timor-Leste.

From 1702 to 1975, East Timor was an overseas territory of Portugal named "Portuguese Timor". In 1974, Portugal initiated a gradual decolonization process of its remaining overseas territories, including Portuguese Timor. During the process, a civil conflict between the different Timorese parties erupted. In 1975, Indonesia invaded East Timor and in 1976, it formally annexed the territory, declaring it as its 27th province and renaming it Timor Timur. The United Nations, however, did not recognise the annexation, continuing to consider Portugal as the legitimate administering power of East Timor. Following the end of Indonesian occupation in 1999, and a United Nations administered transition period, East Timor became formally independent of Portugal in 2002 and adopted the official name of Timor-Leste.

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  • ✪ Noam Chomsky on the Indonesian Occupation of East Timor
  • ✪ Geography Now! East Timor

Transcription

Contents

Background

Timorese women with the Indonesian national flag
Timorese women with the Indonesian national flag

From 1702 to 1975, East Timor was an overseas territory of Portugal, lately being officially the Portuguese overseas province of Timor, usually referred as "Portuguese Timor". Following the "Carnation Revolution" of 1974, the new Government of Portugal initiated a gradual decolonization process of its overseas territories, including Portuguese Timor. During the process, a civil conflict between the several Timorese political parties erupted, with the left-wing Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) prevailing and being able to control the capital Dili, obliging the Portuguese governor and his staff to move his seat to the Atauro Island.

On the 28 November 1975, Fretilin unilaterally declared the independence of the then Portuguese Timor, calling it República Democrática de Timor-Leste (Portuguese for "Democratic Republic of East Timor"). Portugal did not however recognized that independence, with the Portuguese governor continuing to be present and formally administering the province from Atauro, although having a limited de facto authority over the remaining territory of East Timor.

Nine days later, Indonesia began the invasion of the majority of the territory of East Timor. Following the invasion, the Portuguese governor and his staff left Atauro aboard two Portuguese warships. As a statement of Portuguese sovereignty, Portugal maintained those warships patrolling the waters around East Timor until May 1976.

On 17 July 1976 Indonesia formally annexed East Timor as its 27th province and changed its official name to Timor Timur, the Indonesian translation of "East Timor". The use of Portuguese language was then forbidden, as it was seen as a relic of colonisation.

The annexation was recognized by a few countries, the most relevant being the United States and Australia, but was not recognized by Portugal, the majority of other countries and the United Nations. The United Nations continued to recognise Portugal as the legitimate administering power of East Timor.

The Indonesians left in 1999 and East Timor came under the administration of the United Nations.

After the re-establishment of the independence of Timor-Leste in 2002, the East Timorese government requested that the name Timor-Leste be used in place of "East Timor". This is to avoid the Indonesian term and its reminder of the Indonesian occupation.

Governors

Gallery

See also

External links

This page was last edited on 4 November 2019, at 01:21
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