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East Orange, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

East Orange, New Jersey
City of East Orange
East Orange Fire Headquarters
East Orange Fire Headquarters
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
East Orange is located in Essex County, New Jersey
East Orange
East Orange
Location in Essex County
East Orange is located in New Jersey
East Orange
East Orange
Location in New Jersey
East Orange is located in the United States
East Orange
East Orange
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 74°12′42″W / 40.765055°N 74.211655°W / 40.765055; -74.211655[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
IncorporatedMarch 4, 1863
 • TypeCity
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorTheodore R. "Ted" Green (D, term ends December 31, 2025)[3][4]
 • AdministratorSolomon Steplight[5]
 • Municipal clerkCynthia Brown[6]
 • Total3.93 sq mi (10.17 km2)
 • Land3.93 sq mi (10.17 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
 • Rank301st of 565 in state
10th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation177 ft (54 m)
 • Total64,270
 • Estimate 
 • Rank590th in country (as of 2019)[14]
20th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[15]
 • Density16,377.1/sq mi (6,323.2/km2)
  • Rank12th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[15]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
Area code(s)973[18]
FIPS code3401319390[1][19][20]
GNIS feature ID0885200[1][21]

East Orange is a city in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census the city's population was 69,612.[22] The city was the state's 20th most-populous municipality in 2010, after having been the state's 14th most-populous municipality in 2000.[23] The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city's population was 64,367 in 2019,[13] ranking the city the 590th-most-populous in the country.[14]


East Orange had its origins in Connecticut's New Haven Colony. In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River. They arrived on territory now encompassing Newark, the Oranges, and several other municipalities. The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. In 1664, James conveyed the land to two proprietors, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey."

East Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, but it was originally known as "Newark Mountains". On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange.[24] At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark. However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was finally detached. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange officially incorporated as a city. Immediately, the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861; Fairmount (later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862; East Orange on March 4, 1863; and West Orange (including Fairmount) on March 14, 1863. East Orange was reincorporated as a city on December 9, 1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[25]

East Orange was known, at one time, for the shade trees that lined the city's residential streets. This is still evident today as many of the tall trees still stand.[citation needed]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.93 square miles (10.17 km2), all of which was land.[1][2]

East Orange shares borders with the Essex County municipalities of Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, Orange to the west, and Glen Ridge and Bloomfield to the north.[26][27][28][29]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Ampere and Brick Church.[30]


A reminder of East Orange's former wealth. The Ambrose-Ward Mansion was built in 1898 for a book manufacturer, now the home of the African-American Fund of New Jersey
A reminder of East Orange's former wealth. The Ambrose-Ward Mansion was built in 1898 for a book manufacturer, now the home of the African-American Fund of New Jersey

East Orange is officially divided into five wards, but is also unofficially divided into a number of neighborhoods, still with many well maintained streets and homes.

  • Ampere: Anchored by the now defunct train station of the same name, The Ampere section was developed on land owned by Orange Water Works, after the construction of the Crocker Wheeler Company plant spurred development in the area. The station was named in honor of André-Marie Ampère, a pioneer in electrodynamics and reconstructed as a new Renaissance Revival station in 1907 and 1908. Roughly bounded by Bloomfield to the North, Lawton Street & Newark to the east, 4th Avenue to the south, and North Grove Street to the West.
  • Greenwood (Teen Streets)[31]: So named after Greenwood Avenue and the "teen" streets that run through it. It is often grouped together with Ampere. This area was severely disturbed by the construction of Interstate 280 and the Garden State Parkway. The Grove Street Station of the former DL & W Railroad was located here at Grove and Main Streets. Roughly bounded by 4th Avenue to the North, North 15th Street/Newark to the East, Eaton Place/NJ Transit Morris & Essex Lines, and North Grove Street to the West.
  • Presidential Estates: Recently designated due to the streets in this area being named after early presidents of the United States. There are many large well kept homes situated on streets lined with very old, very large shade trees in this neighborhood that are characteristic of the northern section of the city. Roughly Bounded by Bloomfield to the North, Montclair-Boonton Line and North Grove Street to the East, Springdale Avenue to the South and the Garden State Parkway to the West.
  • Elmwood: Located in the southeastern part of the city. Elmwood Park serves this section of the city, with 7 tennis courts on Rhode Island Avenue, a basketball court on the corner of Elmwood Avenue and Oak Street, a swimming pool with a pool house, a walking track, a baseball field, a softball field and a renovated field house.[32] The area holds one of the surviving Carnegie Libraries, the Elmwood Branch of the East Orange Public Library, opened in 1912.[33]
  • Doddtown (Franklin): Named after John Dodd who founded and surveyed the area of the "Watsessing Plain".[34] The former campus of Upsala College is located here. It was converted into the new East Orange Campus High School on the east side of Prospect Street, and an adjacent new housing subdivision. Roughly bounded by Bloomfield to the North, the Garden State Parkway to the East, Park Avenue to the South and Orange to the West.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Population sources:
1870–1920[35] 1870[36][37]
1870–1890[38] 1880–1890[39]
1890–1910[40] 1900–1930[41]
1930–1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[9][10][11][23] 2020[45]

2020 census

East Orange city, New Jersey - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[46] Pop 2020[47] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,422 1,388 2.21% 1.99%
Black or African American alone (NH) 55,702 54,689 86.67% 78.56%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 186 164 0.29% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 436 501 0.68% 0.72%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 29 6 0.05% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 335 570 0.52% 0.82%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,065 3,262 1.66% 4.69%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 5,095 9,032 7.93% 12.97%
Total 64,270 69,612 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

The 2010 United States census counted 64,270 people, 24,945 households, and 14,742 families in the city. The population density was 16,377.1 per square mile (6,323.2/km2). There were 28,803 housing units at an average density of 7,339.5 per square mile (2,833.8/km2). The racial makeup was 4.13% (2,657) White, 88.51% (56,887) Black or African American, 0.39% (248) Native American, 0.72% (465) Asian, 0.06% (38) Pacific Islander, 3.69% (2,370) from other races, and 2.50% (1,605) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.93% (5,095) of the population.[9]

Of the 24,945 households, 29.0% had children under the age of 18; 23.3% were married couples living together; 29.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 40.9% were non-families. Of all households, 35.8% were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.33.[9]

25.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females, the population had 81.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 75.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,358 (with a margin of error of +/− $1,873) and the median family income was $50,995 (+/− $2,877). Males had a median income of $38,642 (+/− $1,851) versus $39,843 (+/− $2,187) for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,298 (+/− $746). About 17.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.[48]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census[19] there were 69,824 people, 26,024 households, and 16,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 17,776.6 people per square mile (6,859.8/km2). There were 28,485 housing units at an average density of 7,252.0 per square mile (2,798.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.46% Black or African American, 3.84% White, 0.25% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 3.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.70% of the population.[43][44]

Public playgrounds in East Orange, 1908
Public playgrounds in East Orange, 1908
A pre-WWII apartment on South Munn Avenue in East Orange.
A pre-WWII apartment on South Munn Avenue in East Orange.

There were 26,024 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were married couples living together, 28.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.37.[43][44]

In the city the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the city was $32,346, and the median income for a family was $38,562. Males had a median income of $31,905 versus $30,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,488. About 15.9% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those ages 65 or over.[43][44]

As part of the 2000 Census, 89.46% of East Orange's residents identified themselves as being Black or African American. This was one of the highest percentages of African American and Caribbean American people in the United States. Migrants from Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Haiti and other smaller Caribbean Islands have a huge presence, and East Orange has the second-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside, at 93.6%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying Black American ancestry. East Orange also has a large Haitian American community, with 2,852 persons claiming Haitian ancestry in the 2000 Census.[49]

Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country. In the 2000 Census, 2.5% of East Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry. While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange (with 2.9%) and East Orange had the highest percentage of people of Guyanese ancestry of all places in the United States with at least 1,000 people identifying their ancestry.[50]


Central Avenue Commercial Historic District
Central Avenue Commercial Historic District

Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. East Orange was selected in 1996 as one of a group of seven zones added to participate in the program.[51] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[52] Established in June 1996, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in June 2027.[53]

The main commercial avenues of the city are Central Avenue and Main Street, both of which flow east to west, the latter of which was disturbed by the construction of Interstate 280. Recent efforts have been made to revitalize the commercial area, especially along Main Street and Evergreen Place. New apartments buildings & commercial space have been proposed and built over the last decade. Along South Harrison Street, new apartment buildings have gone up, while existing ones have been updated.

Parks and recreation

East Orange is served by five parks. Paul Robeson Stadium, located on North Clinton Street, hosts local sports teams and typically, the 4th of July fireworks celebration.[54]

The city owns East Orange Golf Course, located 10 miles away in Short Hills.[55]


City Hall
City Hall

East Orange is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The city is one of 15 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this traditional form of government.[56] The government is comprised of a mayor and a city council made up of ten members, two representing each of the city's five geographic political subdivisions called wards. The mayor is elected directly by the voters. The ten members of the city council are elected to four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat in each ward coming up for election in odd-numbered years.[7][26]

The City Council performs the legislative functions of municipal government by enacting ordinances, resolutions or motions, and is responsible for review and adoption of the municipal budget that has been submitted by the mayor.[57]

As of 2022, the Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey is Democrat Theodore R. "Ted" Green, whose term of office ends December 31, 2025.[3] Members of the City Council are Christopher Awe (D, 2025; 2nd Ward), Mustafa Al-M. Brent (D, 2023; 5th Ward), Brittany D. Claybrooks (D, 2023; 2nd Ward), Tameika Garrett-Ward (D, 2025; 4th Ward), Casim L. Gomez (D, 2023; 4th Ward), Alicia Holman (D, 2025; 5th Ward), Christopher D. James (D, 2025; 1st Ward), Bergson Leneus (D, 2025; 3rd Ward), Amy Lewis (D, 2023; 1st Ward) and Vernon Pullins Jr. (D, 2023; 3rd Ward).[57][58][59][60][61]

In July 2018, the City Council selected Christopher Awe to fill the Second Ward seat expiring in December 2021 that became vacant when Romal D. Bullock resigned to become the city's tax assessor.[62] In November 2018, Awe was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.[63]

In December 2018, Tameika Garrett-Ward was appointed to fill the Fourth Ward seat expiring in December 2021 that became vacant when Tyshammie L. Cooper was sworn into office on the Essex County Board of chosen freeholders; she was elected to serve the balance of the term in November 2019.[61]

The first African-American Mayor of East Orange was William S. Hart Sr., who was elected to two consecutive terms, serving in office from 1970 to 1978.[64] Hart Middle School was named after him.

Federal, state and county representation

Post Office
Post Office

East Orange is located in the 10th Congressional District[65] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.[10][66][67]

For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark).[68][69] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[70] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[71][72]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Britnee Timberlake (D, East Orange).[73]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. As of 2021, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland).[74] The county's Board of County Commissioners consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected on an at-large basis. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November. There is no limit to the number of terms they may serve. [75] The most recent election for the Essex County Board of County Commissioners was on November 3, 2020.[76]

Essex County's Commissioners are:[77][78]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are:


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 36,280 registered voters in East Orange, of which 21,646 (59.7%) were registered as Democrats, 396 (1.1%) were registered as Republicans and 14,228 (39.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[94]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 98.5% of the vote (24,862 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1.3% (330 votes), and other candidates with 0.2% (46 votes), among the 25,375 ballots cast by the city's 39,668 registered voters (137 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.0%.[95][96] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 97.7% of the vote (24,718 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1.6% (408 votes) and other candidates with 0.1% (35 votes), among the 25,304 ballots cast by the city's 36,891 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.6%.[97] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 93.2% of the vote (19,447 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 5.9% (1,225 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (128 votes), among the 20,856 ballots cast by the city's 33,328 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62.6.[98]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 88.0% of the vote (9,413 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 11.3% (1,212 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (75 votes), among the 11,269 ballots cast by the city's 41,016 registered voters (569 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.5%.[99][100] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 94.4% of the vote (12,554 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2.9% (380 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.2% (153 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (63 votes), among the 13,295 ballots cast by the city's 36,157 registered voters, yielding a 36.8% turnout.[101]


The East Orange School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[102] The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke[103] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[104][105]

As of the 2018–2019 school year, the district, comprised of 20 schools, had an enrollment of 10,072 students and 744.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.5:1.[106] Schools in the district (with 2018–2019 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[107]) are Althea Gibson Early Childhood Academy[108] (159 students; in grades Pre-K and K), Wahlstrom Early Childhood Center[109] (156; Pre-K–K), Benjamin Banneker Academy[110] (511; Pre-K–5), Edward T. Bowser, Sr. School of Excellence[111] (609; Pre-K–5), George Washington Carver Institute of Science and Technology[112] (325; Pre-K–5), Johnnie L. Cochran Jr. Academy[113] (193; K–5), Mildred Barry Garvin School[114] (356; Pre-K–5), Whitney E. Houston Academy of Creative & Performing Arts[115] (369; Pre-K–8), Langston Hughes Elementary School[116] (589; Pre-K–5), J. Garfield Jackson Sr. Academy[117] (256; K–5), Ecole Touissant Louverture[118] (297; Pre-K–5), Gordon Parks Academy School of Radio, Animation, Film and Television[119] (285; Pre-K–5), Cicely L. Tyson Community Elementary School[120] (504; Pre-K–5), Dionne Warwick Institute of Economics and Entrepreneurship[121] (462; Pre-K–5), Future Ready Prep[122] (NA; 6–7), Patrick F. Healy Middle School[123] (392; 7), John L. Costley Middle School[124] (367; 8), Sojourner Truth Middle School[125] (406; 6), Cicely Tyson School of Performing and Fine Arts[126] (740; 6–12), East Orange Campus High School[127] located on the former campus of Upsala College (1,651; 9–12), East Orange STEM Academy[128] (358; 9–12) and Fresh Start Academy Middle / High – Glenwood Campus[129] (NA; 6–12).[130][131]

East Orange Community Charter School is a public charter school that operates independently of the school district under a charter granted by the New Jersey Department of Education.[132]

The East Orange Public Library at one time included three branch buildings of the original 36 Carnegie-funded libraries in New Jersey.[133] It has a collection of 344,000 volumes and circulates about 319,000 items annually[134] from four locations.

Ahlus Sunnah School is a K–12 madrasah that has been in East Orange since 2005.[135]


East Orange is served by East Orange General Hospital, located on Central Avenue in the southern part of the city. The 211 bed hospital is the only independent, fully accredited, acute care hospital in Essex County. The hospital was recently acquired by Prospect Medical Systems. East Orange is also home to the US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, also known as the East Orange VA Hospital. It is located on Tremont Avenue near S.Orange Ave. and serves many vets from the region.[136]


Roads and highways

The Garden State Parkway in East Orange
The Garden State Parkway in East Orange

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 83.43 miles (134.27 km) of roadways, of which 73.27 miles (117.92 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.30 miles (10.14 km) by Essex County, 1.52 miles (2.45 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.34 miles (3.77 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[137]

The Garden State Parkway passes through the city, connecting Newark in the south to Bloomfield in the north.[138] The Parkway is accessible at Interchange 145 for Interstate 280 and at Interchange 147 for Springdale Avenue.[139] Interstate 280 crosses the city from east to west, connecting Orange to the west and Newark to the east.

Public transportation

Local transportation around the city and into neighboring communities is provided by ONE Bus bus routes 24 & 44 and multiple NJ Transit public bus lines, which includes routes 5, 21, 34, 41, 71, 73, 79, 90, 92, 94, and 97.[140][141]

New Jersey Transit operates two commuter rail train stations in East Orange, both located along the Morris & Essex Lines.[142] The East Orange station is located beside the westbound lanes of Interstate 280, directly across its parking lot from East Orange City Hall.[143] Just one mile west up Main Street is Brick Church station, the city's second rail stop and the more heavily used of the two.[144] Both have seven-day service to New York Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan as well as weekday service to Hoboken Terminal.

The Montclair-Boonton Line runs through the Ampere neighborhood of the city on the east, after splitting off from the Morris & Essex Lines just east of the city line in Newark. Ampere station was a former stop on the line near Ampere Parkway & Springdale Avenue which opened in 1890, but closed in 1991 due to low ridership. Residents can use nearby Watsessing Avenue station in neighboring Bloomfield. Another former stop was Grove Street Station, a mile east of Brick Church, also closed in 1991.

The city is 7.8 miles (12.6 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in the nearby cities of Newark and Elizabeth.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with East Orange include:


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  174. ^ Magee, Jerry. "Tennis pioneer Althea Gibson dies at 76: U.S., Wimbledon champ paved the way for blacks" Archived April 15, 2005, at the Wayback Machine, The San Diego Union-Tribune, September 29, 2003. Accessed January 23, 2011. "No player of either gender in any sport arguably overcame more in becoming a champion than Gibson, who died yesterday in East Orange, N.J., where she was a semi-recluse."
  175. ^ AFC honors go to three first-time winners,, December 6, 2006. "The East Orange, N.J., native directed the club on two drives of more than 90 yards, both resulting in touchdowns."
  176. ^ Mickle, Paul. "Opening arguments begin in Tate George fraud trial", New Haven Register, September 10, 2013. Accessed June 3, 2015. "After opening arguments Tuesday morning before U.S. District Court Judge Mary L. Cooper, Knight took the stand and told federal prosecutor Joseph Shumofsky he and George grew up in the same East Orange neighborhood."
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  178. ^ "Andy Grammer to open 2018 balloon festival concert series", Hunterdon County Democrat, March 1, 2018. Accessed October 4, 2018. "His father is Red Grammer, an East Orange native and Grammy-nominated children's recording artist."
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  180. ^ Kennedy, Greg. "The disabled acting community works to end of decades of 'invisibility'", The National, November 19, 2012. Accessed December 5, 2018. "Robert David Hall... This native of East Orange, New Jersey, has also appeared in the movies Starship Troopers and The Negotiator and the TV series The West Wing and LA Law."
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  190. ^ McFadden, Robert D. "Carolyn Heilbrun, Pioneering Feminist Scholar, Dies at 77", The New York Times, October 11, 2003. Accessed March 1, 2012. "Carolyn Gold Heilbrun was born on Jan. 13, 1926, in East Orange, N.J., the only child of Archibald Gold, an accountant, and Estelle Roemer Gold, who, her daughter would recall, 'sat at home and was bored out of her mind.' The family moved to Manhattan when Ms. Heilbrun was 6, and she became a voracious reader, devouring Nancy Drew and Judy Bolton mysteries and, as a teenager, the novels of Virginia Woolf and Willa Cather."
  191. ^ Farrell, Mary D. "France Cox Henderson", Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed November 4, 2014. "In the last years of her life she was busy as a community leader in East Orange, New Jersey. She established the House of the Good Shepherd for aged and invalid women and a laundry for older women who were able to work."
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  199. ^ Staff. "Interview With Karen Hunter Of SiriusXM", Hip NJ, March 29, 2016. Accessed December 10, 2018. "Karen was born and raised in East Orange, New Jersey. She attended Catholic school before studying at Drew University in Madison, NJ."
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  203. ^ Reinhard, Paul. "Anything Is Possible For Jarrod", The Morning Call, July 30, 1991. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Well, by the time he graduated from Seton Hall Prep in West Orange, N.J., Johnson had blossomed into a 243-pound center. 'It's good I didn't gain another 100 pounds between my freshman and senior years in college,' he quipped yesterday during a telephone conversation. Johnson, an East Orange, N.J., native who as a young boy rooted for the Pittsburgh Steelers after watching them win Super Bowl IX, became an outstanding center at Lehigh University."
  204. ^ David Jones, Accessed December 12, 2018. "Born: November 9, 1968 (Age: 50-033d) in East Orange, NJ... High School: Hillside (NJ)"
  205. ^ Colonel E. Lester Jones, NOAA. Accessed December 20, 2007. "Ernest Lester Jones, the son of Charles Hopkins and Ida (Lester) Jones was born in East Orange, New Jersey on April 14, 1876."
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  208. ^ Brandin Knight Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Pitt Panthers men's basketball. Accessed June 3, 2015.
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  210. ^ Roberts, Kathaleen. "Artist’s cyanotypes are blueprints of the natural world", Albuquerque Journal, May 4, 2014. Accessed January 7, 2021. "'I grew up in Newark and East Orange, New Jersey,' Leis said."
  211. ^ Stewardship Stories/32.FirstFemaleFieldBiologist.pdf "The First Female Field Biologist; Elizabeth 'Betty' Losey"[permanent dead link], Conservation Gateway. Accessed March 14, 2018. "Born in East Orange, New Jersey in 1912, Mrs. Losey graduated high school in Lynn, Massachusetts before earning her bachelor's degree in 1934 and her master's degree in 1946 from the University of Michigan."
  212. ^ Staff. "Gold Tee Designer Dead. Dr. William Lowell of Jersey Patented Reddy Device in '21", The New York Times, June 25, 1954. Accessed August 6, 2019. "East Orange, N.J., June 24- Dr. William Lowell, designer of the Reddy Golf Tee, which came into universal use in the sport, died yesterday at Orange Memorial Hospital after a short illness.... Born in Hoboken, he lived in South Orange, Maplewood and Summit before moving here four years ago."
  213. ^ History of Clara Louise Maass, Clara Maass Medical Center. Accessed August 6, 2019. "Clara Louise Maass was born on June 28, 1876 in East Orange, NJ, the first of 10 children."
  214. ^ Parker, Ev. "Parker's Pen: 'I Surrender Dear'", Napa Valley Register, January 3, 2011. Accessed January 23, 2011. "MacRae, once a kid from East Orange, N.J., sang 'Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin' from the musical Oklahoma."
  215. ^ Durso, Joseph. "3 Starters Typify Mets' New Deal; Three New Pets Which Hot Dog Is First?", The New York Times, March 7, 1978. Accessed January 23, 2011.
  216. ^ Pilgrim Journey, Wayne State University Press. Accessed September 24, 2007. "The daughter of a Baptist pastor, Madgett was born in Virginia and moved with her family to East Orange, New Jersey as a toddler."
  217. ^ Derby, George; and White, James Terry. The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, p. 55. Accessed November 16, 2017. "McCarroll, Marion Clyde, columnist, was born in East Orange, N. J., May 8, 1891, daughter of James Renwick Thompson and Helen Fredericks Stoughton (Loomis) McCarroll."
  218. ^ Fitzgerlad's Legislative Manual 1984, p. 254. Accessed February 10, 2020. "Stephen A. Mikulak, Rep, Woodbridge - Assemblyman Mikulak was born in East Orange Oct. 15, 1948."
  219. ^ Daniel F. Minahan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
  220. ^ Rohan, Virginia. "Dorian Missick finds 'Degrees' of success", The Record, November 19, 2006. Accessed January 23, 2022, via "On his first real acting job -playing a young Southern fisherman in a 1990 episode of In the Heat of the Night - Dorian Missick was a fish out of water.... 'That show was shot in Georgia, and I was this kid from New Jersey. I didn't have the accent down,' says Missick, who was born in East Orange and grew up in North Plainfield."
  221. ^ About Justice Worrall F. Mountain, American Inns of Court. Accessed June 15, 2016. "Born on June 28, 1909 in East Orange, Worrall Mountain became a pillar of the New Jersey bar."
  222. ^ Kasper, Shirl. Annie Oakley, p. 189. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992). ISBN 978-0-8061-3244-0. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  223. ^ Norris, Chris. "Pop Goes the Ghetto", New York (magazine), June 19, 1995. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Treach – Naughty's machete-wielding, padlock-and-chain-wearing lead rapper – was drawing lines in his lyrics between Them and Us, set in a musical backdrop that erased them. And with that – and two more giant-selling singles – three kids from the slums of East Orange, New Jersey, became a pop band."
  224. ^ Newman, Melinda. "Naturi's a Natural", New Jersey Monthly, December 8, 2008. Accessed September 19, 2012. "East Orange native Naturi Naughton plays rapper Lil' Kim in a film about the life of hip-hop artist Notorious B.I.G., which opens Jan. 16."
  225. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 164, p. 278. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1940. Accessed November 6, 2017. "C. Milford Orben (Rep., Millburn) - Mr. Orben was born In Newark, New Jersey, on June 28, 1808; son of Charles S. and Mabel Orben. Educated East Orange Grammar and High Schools, Pennsylvania State College."
  226. ^ Maslin, Janet. "A Yalie's Promising Future Competed With a Darker Side; The Short and Tragic Life of Robert Peace, by Jeff Hobbs", The New York Times, September 10, 2014. Accessed June 10, 2016. "When Jackie found out what public school was like in East Orange, N.J., where they lived, she scrimped enough to get him a Catholic school education."
  227. ^ Staff. "Elizabeth Peer, Senior Writer For Newsweek, Is Dead at 48", The New York Times, June 5, 1984. Accessed September 28, 2016. "Miss Peer was born in East Orange, N.J., and graduated from the Connecticut College for Women in 1957."
  228. ^ Cooper, Darren. "Exclusive: Michigan's Jabrill Peppers adds fuel to Don Bosco-Paramus Catholic recruiting feud", The Record (North Jersey), October 9, 2014. Accessed September 28, 2016. "When I finally enrolled, I was then living in East Orange where a lot of the other guys he recruited lived. He had a coach pick us up and drop us off every day for school and practice."
  229. ^ Shugrue, Edward J. "Between Ourselves", Bridgeport Post, October 20, 1963. Accessed January 11, 2021, via "Chickie, whose proper name is Angela Marie Poisson, was born in East Orange, N. J., in 1931."
  230. ^ Kocieniewski, David. "Judge Leaving High Court After 20 Years as Unifier", The New York Times, February 26, 1999. Accessed June 14, 2016. "Judge Pollock was born in East Orange and raised in Brookside, back when it had only 1,300 residents and a four-room schoolhouse."
  231. ^ "The Robertson Treatment Vol. 6.7; Queen Latifah holding court in Hollywood!", Baltimore Afro-American, March 28, 2003. Accessed December 11, 2007. "'I've always loved musicals,' admits the actress who was born Dana Owens and was raised in the East Orange, NJ area and who presently lives in Rumson, NJ."
  232. ^ "Eddie Rabbitt, 56, Whose Songs Zigzagged From Pop to Country", The New York Times, May 9, 1998. Accessed May 24, 2012. "The son of Irish immigrants, he was born in Brooklyn and raised in East Orange, N.J."
  233. ^ "Schettino Reaches Goal of Every Judge", Asbury Park Press, January 20, 1959. Accessed November, 2017. "The Supreme Court nominee was born in East Orange, son of the late Joseph and Maria Schettino. After his graduation from East Orange High School and Rutgers University, he went to Columbia Law School where he received hli law degree in 1933."
  234. ^ Staff. "Shareefa's 'Point of No Return' Hits Stores October 24",, October 8, 2006. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Raised between Brick City (Newark) and East Orange, young Shareefa was a fan of legendary singers from the time she was a child."
  235. ^ Dowd, Mike. "'Big Ben' Sirmans rang Rody's chimes", The Bangor Daily News, October 16, 1990. Accessed March 13, 2021, via "A 'borderline' student at Montclair Immaculate Conception High, Sirmans grew up in a tough neighborhood in East Orange, N.J."
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  237. ^ "Donald J. Strait", The Pilot, April 3, 2015. Accessed September 6, 2021. "Born April 28, 1918, in East Orange, N.J., he packed his 96 years with successes and honors whether on the Verona High School baseball team, in the U.S. Air Force, Fairchild Industries, every golf course he teed up on, or in his personal life."
  238. ^ Appelbaum, Binyamin. "Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler", The New York Times, October 9, 2017. Accessed October 11, 2017. "Professor Thaler, 72, was born in East Orange, N.J., and graduated from Case Western Reserve University before earning a doctorate in economics at the University of Rochester in 1974."
  239. ^ Tom Verducci Archive, Sports Illustrated, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 20, 2015. "Born in East Orange, New Jersey, and raised in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Verducci led his high school football team to a state championship, calling his catch of the winning touchdown pass in the title game as the defining sports moment of his life."
  240. ^ Albert Lincoln Vreeland, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
  241. ^ Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1970, p. 388. Accessed April 21, 2020. "James H. Wallwork (Rep., Short Hills) - James H. Wallwork lives at 94 Canoe Brook Road, Short Hills. He was born in East Orange, September 17, 1930."
  242. ^ Hu, Winnie. "For a Singer's 1940s Alma Mater, a 21st-Century Gift", The New York Times, September 21, 2010. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Once a neighborhood school called Lincoln, it was renamed for Ms. Warwick, a winner of five Grammy awards, in 1996 after becoming a theme school for business. Ms. Warwick attended the school, which now draws students from across the district, in the late 1940s."
  243. ^ Staff. "Mystery Plot: Whodunit in Newark?", The New York Times, August 26, 1994. Accessed February 6, 2012. "Ms. Wilson Wesley grew up in Ashford, Conn., and now lives in Montclair, N.J., with her husband and two daughters. But she lived in nearby East Orange in the early 1970s, and Tamara's yellow-and-green Cape Cod is modeled on her old house."
  244. ^ Clark, Alice. "Barrence Whitfield: Walk On The Wild Side",, September 7, 2015. Accessed January 20, 2020. "'We moved to East Orange, New Jersey when I was three,' says Whitfield, who to avoid confusion with Barry White, the 70s soul singer, adopted his Whitfield moniker in tribute to Motown producer Norman Whitfield."
  245. ^ Simons, Marlise. "George Whitman, Paris Bookseller and Cultural Beacon, Is Dead at 98", The New York Times, December 14, 2011. Accessed December 18, 2011."George Whitman was born on Dec. 12, 1913, in East Orange, N.J., and grew up in Salem, Mass."
  246. ^ William Halsted Wiley, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 11, 2007.
  247. ^ Eftimiades, Maria. "Radio Personality Without Limits", The New York Times, July 2, 1989. Accessed May 24, 2012. "From his early days, growing up in East Orange, Mr. Williams has always had a passion for radio talk shows."
  248. ^ Ragozzino, Joe. "Jocelyn Willoughby signs with University of Virginia", Essex News Daily, November 20, 2015. Accessed April 19, 2020. "Newark Academy senior Jocelyn Willoughby had cause to celebrate on National Letter of Intent Signing Day this month. Joined by family, friends and coaches, the East Orange resident signed her National Letter of Intent to play basketball for University of Virginia."
  249. ^ Govan, Jennifer. "Today in History: Celebrating Marion Thompson Wright", Gottesman Libraries, September 12, 2019. Accessed February 6, 2022. "On September 12th, 1902, Marion Manola Thompson Wright was born in East Orange, New Jersey, to Minnie and Moses Thompson -- the youngest of four children."

Further reading

  • Hart, William. East Orange. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2006.
  • Stuart, Mark A. A Centennial History of East Orange. East Orange, NJ: East Orange Centennial Committee, 1964.

External links

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