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East Lombok Regency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

East Lombok Regency

Kabupaten Lombok Timur
Coat of arms of East Lombok Regency
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Patuh Karya
(Obedient and Productive)
Location within West Nusa Tenggara
Location within West Nusa Tenggara
East Lombok Regency is located in Lombok
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency is located in Lesser Sunda Islands
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency (Lesser Sunda Islands)
East Lombok Regency is located in Indonesia
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency
East Lombok Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°39′S 116°32′E / 8.650°S 116.533°E / -8.650; 116.533
Country Indonesia
Province West Nusa Tenggara
CapitalSelong
Government
 • RegentM. Sukiman Azmy
 • Vice RegentRumaksi [1]
Area
 • Total1,605.55 km2 (619.91 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2019)
 • Total1,200,612
 • Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 [2]
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsSasak, Balinese, Tionghoa-peranakan, Sumbawa people, Flores people, Arab Indonesian
 • ReligionMuslim, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official), Sasak
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 376
Websitelomboktimurkab.go.id

East Lombok Regency is a regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten) of the Indonesian Province of West Nusa Tenggara. It is located on the island of Lombok, of which it comprises the eastern third (including minor offshore islands); the administrative capital is the town of Selong. The Regency covers an area of 1,605.55 km2 and had a population of 1,105,582 at the 2010 Census;[3] the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 1,200,612.[4]

Location

To the north lies the Java Sea. To the west is Central Lombok Regency. To the south is the Lombok Basin and the Indian Ocean and to the east lies Elas Strait, a narrow body of water separating Lombok and the nearby small Gili Belang from Sumbawa which lies approximately 15 km to the east. The north of the Regency is on the eastern flank of Mount Rinjani which at 3,726 m is the third highest mountain the second largest volcano in the country. The mountain is an active volcano, the oldest recorded historical eruption was in 1847 and last eruption was in May 2010.[5][6]

Administration

The area of East Lombok Regency is 2,679.88 km², consisting of a landmass area of 1,605.55 km ² (59.91%) and a seabed area of 1,074.33 km² (40.09%).

Administrative structure

Kabupaten Lombok Timur (East Lombok Regency) is one of Lombok's four Regencies or administrative regions.

  • TGH M Zainul Majdi, MA., Governor of NTB (West Nusa Tenggara), (Mataram is the Provincial Capital of West Nusa Tenggara)
  • Drs. HM Sukiman AZMY, MM, Regent (Bupati) of Kabupaten Lombok Timur (East Lombok Regency).[7]

Administrative boundaries

Boundary District Regency
North Java Sea
South Lombok Basin Indian Ocean
West Praya
Mount Rinjani
Central Lombok Regency
North Lombok Regency
East Alas Strait Sumbawa

Administrative Districts

East Lombok Regency consists of twenty districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 Census populations[8] and the most recent official estimates (as at mid 2019).[9] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Estimate
mid 2019
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Keruak (a) 40.49 47,901 53,993 15 83673
Jerowaru (b) 142.78 53,181 61,639 15 83672
Sakra 25.09 52,731 57,840 12 83671
Sakra Barat
(West Sakra)
32.20 46,840 51,763 18 83670
Sakra Timur
(East Sakra)
37.03 40,909 44,932 10 83674
Terara 41.41 65,485 69,665 16 83664
Montong Gading 25.66 40,603 42,744 8 83663
Sikur 78.27 67,550 70,565 14 83662
Masbagik 33.17 93,993 102,155 10 83661
Pringgasela 134.26 50,059 54,327 10 83660
Sukamulia 14.49 30,373 32,692 9 83652
Suralaga 27.02 51,940 54,542 15 83651
Selong 31.68 82,627 93,717 12 83611-83613,
83617-63619
Labuhan Haji 49.57 53,023 57,873 12 83615-83617
Pringgabaya 136.20 90,548 95,787 15 83654
Suela 115.01 37,441 39,417 8 83655
Aikmel 122.92 92,853 100,857 24 83653
Wanasaba 55.89 59,317 62,655 14 83650
Sembalun 217.08 18,786 20,329 6 83657
Sambelia (c) 245.22 29,422 33,110 11 83656
Totals 1,605.55 1,105,582 1,200,612 254

Notes: (a) including 4 small islands off the east coast of Lombok Island. (b) includes 24 islands off the southeast corner of Lombok Island.
(c) includes 7 islands off the northeast corner of Lombok Island.

The districts are subdivided into 254 Desa/Kelurahan.[10]

Population

The majority of the population are Sasak people. In 2008 East Lombok Regency recorded a total of 1,068,486 residents: 494,149 males and 574,337 females.[11]

In the 2010 Census, East Lombok Regency recorded 1,105,582 inhabitants, 24.7% being officially below Indonesian poverty level;[12] the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 1200,612. The population of this regency are primarily Muslim.

Ethnicity

The Sasak people are the indigenous people of Lombok and form the majority of East Lombok's residents, with few people of Balinese origin compared with West Lombok. East Lombok is also home to people of Balinese, Chinese, Tionghoa-peranakan people of mixed Indonesian and Chinese descent and small number of Arab Indonesian people, mainly of Yemeni descent who originally settled in the early port city of Ampenan.

Religion

Islam is the religion of the majority of the population of East Lombok. Other religions practised in East Lombok are Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Language

Most people in east Lombok normally speak the Sasak language. Sasak is the native language of the indigenous people of Lombok. Indonesian is the language most widely used in everyday interactions at places such as hotels, larger shops in the township of Praya and in government offices. When at home or a place of recreation east Lombok residents tend to use local eastern Lombok dialects of the Sasak language.

Land use

Rivers and catchment areas:' Lombok Island has four main watersheds. Menanga watershed, which is administratively in the territory of East Lombok, has been declared by the Governor of Nusa Teggara Barat to be a critical watershed by Decree No. 122 in 2005. Lombok is faced with a serious water supply and management problem, caused by increasing forest and water table damage, land degradation and poor forestry management. West Nusa Tenggara province as a whole is threatened with a water crisis caused by increasing forest and water table damage and degradation.[13]

Services and development

The region is essentially agrarian in activity with rice, copra, casava, tobacco, timber and other crops. Rainfall is lower in the south of the Regency and higher in the north as the land rises toward Mount Rinjani. Rinjani supplies a rainfall catchment area to the region and several into eastern Lombok rivers flow from its slopes. The sea supports a small local fishing industry, seaweed harvesting, a pearl industry and prawn farming.

The growing tourism industry in Lombok has had little effect on the eastern coast. The proximity of the new Lombok International Airport will possible lead to an increase in tourism related business and development in east Lombok in coming years.

Transport

Public ferries' provide services for both passengers and vehicles. Labuhan Lombok is in East Lombok Regency and provides connections eastward to Sumbawa. Tanjung Lembar in the south west of the island is Lombok's main port and handles small freighters, fishing boats and the combination vehicle and passenger ferries heading westward to Bali.

  • Alat Strait: Labuhan Lombok - Pototano, Sumbawa with 8 ferries providing 18 crossings per day.
  • Lombok Strait: Lembar Lombok - Padang Bai, Bali, with 12 ferries providing crossings once every hour.[14]

These ferries connecting to nearby Sumbawa and Bali provide the principal facilities for road transport movements in and out of Lombok. Disruptions on these routes can significantly affect trade and the provision of supplies to the island as the shipping operators on these routes will often suspend services due to breakdown or heavy seas.

East Lombok is served by the Lombok International Airport (Bandara Internasional Lombok) (IATA: LOP, ICAO: WADL). The new airport provides domestic terminal facilities serving destinations in Java, Bali and Sumbawa. The main terminal building also provides international terminal facilities, currently limited to international connections to Malaysia provided by AirAsia. International flights to Kuala Lumpur provided by Garuda and Merpati airlines depart from the Domestic terminal.

The new international airport will provide facilities for wide bodied aircraft with more modern terminal facilities and improved cargo facilities.

Lombok International Airport in Central Lombok is south west of Praya in south central Lombok. The airport commenced operations on 1 October 2011 replacing the previous international and domestic facilities at Selaparang Airport near Ampenan in West Lombok Regency which formally closed for operations on the evening of 30 September 2011. All services previously operated at the Selaparang airport were moved across to the new airport at that time.

References

  1. ^ http://lomboktimurkab.go.id/beranda/bupati-lombok-timur-dari-masa-ke-masa/ accessed on January 24, 2019
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2010-10-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Global Vulcanism Program-Rinjani Eruptive History". Global Vulcanism Program. May 2 – Dec 20, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
  7. ^ "Musyawarah Pimpinan Daerah Kabupaten Lombok Timur-". Website of the Regency of East Lombok. September 2010. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  8. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  10. ^ "Letak Geografis Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat (Letak Geografis Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat)". Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. 13 December 2009. Archived from the original on 30 July 2010. Retrieved 30 Aug 2010.
  11. ^ "Jumlah Penduduk dan Rasio Jenis Kelamin Menurut Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi NTB Tahun 2008". Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. 11 December 2009. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  12. ^ Liputan6.com. "Lombok Timur Pemasok Utama TKI NTB".
  13. ^ "NTB Akan Alami Krisis Air Bersih". Official Website of the Province of NTB. July 20, 2010. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  14. ^ "Regional Economy-West Nusa Teggara provincial profile". Retrieved 1 September 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 February 2021, at 21:13
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