To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Dyess, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dyess, Arkansas
Town
Dyess - Colony Administration Building.jpg
Location of Dyess in Mississippi County, Arkansas.

Location of Dyess in Mississippi County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 35°35′25″N 90°12′52″W / 35.59028°N 90.21444°W / 35.59028; -90.21444
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Mississippi
Area[1]
 • Total 0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Land 0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 223 ft (68 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 410
 • Estimate (2017)[2] 370
 • Density 385.02/sq mi (148.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code 72330
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-20230
GNIS feature ID 0082838
Main Street in Dyess.
Main Street in Dyess.

Dyess is a town in Mississippi County, Arkansas, United States. The town was founded as Dyess Colony in 1934 as part of the Roosevelt administration's agricultural relief and rehabilitation program and was the largest agrarian community established by the federal government during the Great Depression. The town is best remembered as the boyhood home of country singer-songwriter Johnny Cash. The surviving original buildings of the colony period and Johnny Cash's boyhood home are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the "Dyess Colony Center" and "Farm No. 266, Johnny Cash Boyhood Home."

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    9 126
    876
    51 579
    398
    1 528
  • Dyess, Arkansas (Then and Now)
  • 360 VR tour of Johnny Cash home in Dyess Arkansas
  • Inside Johnny Cash's Boyhood Home
  • Johnny Cash Boyhood Home Dyess, Arkansas
  • Johnny Cash's Boyhood Home Dyess, AR

Transcription

Contents

History

Establishment

Dyess Colony was established in Mississippi County, Arkansas in 1934 as part of the New Deal efforts of Franklin D. Roosevelt to provide economic relief to destitute workers in the Great Depression.[3] The experiment was the largest such community-building experiment established by the federal government during these years.[4]

The project was established by Mississippi Country cotton planter and local politician William Reynolds Dyess (1894-1936), director of the Arkansas Emergency Relief Administration, who initially sought the establishment of a self-supporting agricultural community housing 800 families upon unused Mississippi Delta farmland.[5] Director Dyess established the entity remembered to history as "Dyess Colony" as "Colonization Project No. 1," plans for which were submitted to chief of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) Harry Hopkins early in 1934.[6] The project was approved by Hopkins in March 1934.[6]

Some 15,144 acres (61.29 km2) of unimproved land were purchased by Dyess for the colonization project at the cost of $9.05 per acre, with the parcel redeemed for the payment of unpaid back taxes in this amount.[7] The site consisted primarily of swamp and cutover forest land, although containing deep topsoil deposited by the Mississippi River, part of what was then the most productive cotton farming county in the entire United States.[8]

The project's scope was immediately scaled back to 500 family parcels, with the participants to be recruited from Arkansas sharecroppers and tenant farmers from across the entire state.[9] Thousands of applicants were carefully screened and eligibility requirements included being an experienced farmer made destitute through no fault of his own and being an Arkansas resident "of good moral background" in good health, under the age of 50, and white.[10][3] Funds for the purchase of land were provided by FERA in the form of a grant to the Arkansas Emergency Relief Administration, which initially managed the project.[11] Subsequently, a new entity was established known as Dyess Colony Inc., the stock of which was held in trust by the US Secretary of Agriculture, and management and control passed over to the managing board of that company.[12]

The main purpose of the town's administration was to give poor white families a chance to start over with land that they could work toward owning. The original township included 500 individually owned and operated farms which were 20 or 40 acres each.

Early administrative structure

The colony was carefully planned and administered by Dyess and a board of directors, who managed the day-to-day activities of the colonists.[13] A turnover of this top leadership took place on January 14, 1936, however, when Dyess and his top lieutenant, chief accountant and finance director Robert H. McNair, Jr., were killed in an airplane crash returning to Arkansas from Washington, DC.[14]

After his death, leadership of the Dyess Colony passed to Little Rock attorney and Arkansas Department of Labor statistician Floyd Sharp, a personal friend of Dyess, and Lawrence Westbrook, a Texas rancher who had been recruited by Harry Hopkins to work at FERA.[15] Westbrook was fired by Hopkins in 1937 for a highly absentee work ethic and for attempting to imperially micromanage the colony's affairs from his desk in Washington.[16]

Two cooperative associations were incorporated by the board of directors of Dyess Colony Inc. — a consumer cooperative which operated a colony store and other businesses and a producer cooperative which coordinated the processing and sale of cotton farmed by residents of the colony.[17] The colony also launched its own cooperative credit union not later than 1938.[17]

Dissolution

The Dyess Colony gained a powerful opponent in the form of Governor Carl E. Bailey, a rival and political opponent of Floyd Sharp.[17] It was the Governor and his allies who persuaded the directors of Dyess Colony Inc. to incorporate under Arkansas rather than Delaware law — an action which later made the colony vulnerable to punitive bureaucratic attack.[17] Multiple attempts were made in the Arkansas legislature to undermine and disestablish the Dyess colony, an effort culminating on March 10, 1939 when the Arkansas Corporation Commission, serving at Gov. Bailey's pleasure, revoked the Dyess charter for failing to file reports for three years and failing to pay an $11 annual corporation fee.[18]

In an effort to avoid additional capricious action, a new legal entity called the Dyess Rural Rehabilitation Corporation (DRRC) was established, to which Dyess Colony Inc. sold its assets.[19] This succeeded in saving the non-profit colony until the DRRC was absorbed by the Farm Security Administration (FSA) in 1944.[19] The federal aspect of the project was formally terminated in 1951.[19]

Geography

Dyess is located at 35°35′25″N 90°12′52″W / 35.59028°N 90.21444°W / 35.59028; -90.21444 (35.590224, -90.214523).[20]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970433
19804463.0%
19904664.5%
200051510.5%
2010410−20.4%
Est. 2017370[2]−9.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
2014 Estimate[22]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 410 people residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 83.2% White, 1.2% Black and 2.0% from two or more races. 13.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[23] of 2000, there were 515 people, 177 households, and 138 families residing in the town. The population density was 205.0/km² (528.5/mi²). There were 204 housing units at an average density of 81.2/km² (209.3/mi²). The ethnic makeup of the town was 90.10% White, 2.14% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 6.99% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 9.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 177 households of which 49.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.5% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the town, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $26,447. Males had a median income of $22,500 versus $18,229 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,047. About 25.3% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 37.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Contemporary sign touting famous residents of Dyess.
Contemporary sign touting famous residents of Dyess.

Public education for elementary and secondary students is provided by the Southern Mississippi County School District. Students graduate from Rivercrest High School located in Wilson.

Notable person

Hometown of legendary country singer, Johnny Cash.[24]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Hendricks, Nancy (November 17, 2017). "Dyess (Mississippi County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Little Rock: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. Archived from the original on April 14, 2018. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Fred C. Smith, Trouble in Goshen: Plain Folk, Roosevelt, Jesus, and Marx in the Great Depression South. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2014; pg. 49.
  5. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 50.
  6. ^ a b Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 51.
  7. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 52.
  8. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 53.
  9. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pp. 50-51, 53.
  10. ^ Pittman, Dan W. (1970). "The Founding of Dyess Colony". The Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 29 (4): 320–321. doi:10.2307/40025484. ISSN 0004-1823. JSTOR 40025484.
  11. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 57.
  12. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 55.
  13. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 54.
  14. ^ The January 1936 air crash, which killed all 17 people aboard, was at the time the worst aviation disaster in American history. Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 54.
  15. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pp. 54-55.
  16. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 56.
  17. ^ a b c d Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 59.
  18. ^ Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pp. 61-62.
  19. ^ a b c Smith, Trouble in Goshen, pg. 62.
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  24. ^ Bowden, Bill (May 5, 2018). "National Register accepts Johnny Cash boyhood home in Arkansas". ArkansasOnline. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2018-05-05. Retrieved 2018-05-07. Article includes links to map of Dyess and 360-degree views of interior and exterior of Cash home

External links

This page was last edited on 19 October 2018, at 09:21
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.