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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Durlach
Center with Turmberg
Center with Turmberg
Coat of arms of Durlach
Location of Durlach in Karlsruhe
Durlach is located in Germany
Durlach
Durlach
Durlach is located in Baden-Württemberg
Durlach
Durlach
Coordinates: 48°59′57″N 8°28′12″E / 48.99917°N 8.47000°E / 48.99917; 8.47000
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe  
DistrictUrban district  
CityKarlsruhe 
Area
 • Total22.9413 km2 (8.8577 sq mi)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total43,600
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
76227
Dialling codes0721
Durlach, aerial view

Durlach is a borough of the German city of Karlsruhe with a population of roughly 30,000.

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Transcription

History

The tower on the hill Turmberg

Durlach was bestowed by emperor Frederick II on the margrave Hermann V of Zähringen as an allodial possession.

It was chosen by the margrave Charles II in 1565 as residence of the rulers of Baden-Durlach, and retained this distinction though it was almost totally destroyed by the French in 1689.

Margrave Charles III William decided that he needed more space which led to the foundation of Karlsruhe in 1715, which three years later became the new capital until the state was merged into the grand-duchy of Baden.

Church, town hall, market square

In 1846, it was the seat of a congress of the Liberal Party of the Baden Parliament. In 1849 during the Baden Revolution, it was the scene of an encounter between the Prussians and the insurgents.

In 1938, Durlach was incorporated into Karlsruhe, which had was now bigger and connected by a canal and an avenue of poplars with it, on the left bank of the Pfinz, at the foot of the Turmberg.

During the Second World War, 329 people were killed in Durlach.[citation needed]

Georg Friedrich von Reichenbach and Ernst Ludwig Posselt (1763-1804, historian) were natives of the town.

Life and heritage

Karlsburg Castle

Important attractions are the Karlsburg Castle in the centre, erected in 1565 and later used as barracks, now with some museums an ancient town hall, a church with an excellent organ, and in the market-place a statue of the margrave Charles II.

The Turmberg ('tower hill') is a vineyard-covered hill of the northernmost part of the Black Forest. A castle ruin with watch-tower are located on top of the Turmberg. The watch-tower in particular offers fine views of Karlsruhe towards the west and the Rhine River valley. On very clear days even farther west the Vosges in France can be seen. The Rhine River is the border between Germany and Alsace area of France. The South and East offer nice views of the Black Forest, and since the Turmberg is the northernmost tip of the Black Forest you have hills more than actual mountains. A staircase leads all the way up from the bottom of the hill to the top, however you can also ride up using the Turmbergbahn, a historic funicular railway. In recent years the railway was changed from water gravity to electric.

Economy

Durlach hosted several factories, producing sewing-machines (Pfaff), brushes, chemicals, tobacco, beer, vinegar, chicory and pipe organs. Now most manufacture has disappeared, except for a producer of homeopathy and dietary supplements. IT companies have taken their place, the biggest Fiducia IT AG, which provides banking services for most German credit unions.

Sources

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Durlach" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 711. This work in turn cites:
    • Fecht, Geschichte der Stadt Durlach (Heidelberg, 1869).

References

  1. ^ "Die Karlsruher Bevölkerung im IV. Quartal 2020" (PDF). Stadt Karlsruhe. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
This page was last edited on 30 April 2024, at 07:07
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