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Duncan McArthur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duncan McArthur
Duncan McArthur at statehouse.jpg
11th Governor of Ohio
In office
December 18, 1830 – December 7, 1832
Preceded byAllen Trimble
Succeeded byRobert Lucas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
Preceded byJohn Sloane
Succeeded byJohn Thomson
Member of the Ohio Senate from Ross, Franklin and Highland counties
In office
1805–1813
1821–1823
Preceded byAbraham Claypool
Joseph Kerr
Succeeded byWilliam Creighton, Sr.
James Dunlap (1805–1813)
David Crouse (1821–1823)
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives from Ross and Franklin counties
In office
1804–1805
1815–1816
1817–1818
Personal details
Born(1772-01-14)January 14, 1772 or (1772-06-14)June 14, 1772
Dutchess County, Province of New York, British America
Died (aged 66–67)
Chillicothe, Ohio, U.S.
Resting placeGrandview Cemetery
Political party
Signature
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1812–1815
RankBrigadier general
CommandsArmy of the Northwest
Battles/warsWar of 1812

Duncan McArthur (1772 – April 29, 1839) was a military officer and a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 11th Governor of Ohio.

When first elected to state office as a representative, he was serving in the state militia during the War of 1812. He was later appointed as Brigadier General in the U.S. Army. Shortly thereafter he was placed in charge of the Army of the Northwest, serving through 1817 and negotiating the Treaty of Fort Meigs of 1817 to ratify peace and land cessions with Native American tribes.

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  • ✪ McArthur's Raid - Introduction - War of 1812

Transcription

>> GEORGE SHEPPARD: You’ve got a province that’s now been devastated by war, it’s not producing as much food, there is shortages everywhere. And if you want to punish the other side you make it even more difficult for them to get food. And Duncan MacArthur figures it out. He takes 700 plus mounted soldiers, on horses. Horses eat 25 pounds a day, so it’s a punishment for the opposition that way. And then on top of that he’s going to go through and burn everything in sight, it’s sort of a preliminary blitzkrieg in a way. >> ALAN TAYLOR: You can't keep an army in the field if you can't feed its soldiers. By destroying all of the mills as far as the Grand River Valley McArthur is out to make it impossible for any winter expedition by the British to advance westward in order to retake Amherstburg and Detroit. This is trying to create, in effect, a food desert. >> DOUGLAS LEIGHTON: Duncan McArthur gets a kind of brain wave. Maybe if we’re lucky we’ll be able to penetrate as far as Burlington Heights, maybe we can attack them from the west and the south and troops coming up the Niagara Peninsula can hit them from the other direction. If we can capture Burlington Heights, then we can capture York, then we can capture all of Upper Canada and the War will be ours! >> NARRATOR: On October 22nd, McArthur sets out from Detroit. To avoid detection and to confuse British spies, he sends a decoy flotilla of boats up the St. Clair River, before taking his mounted militia around Lake St. Clair, avoiding the much more populated Thames River. On October 30th, they camp in the burnt out ruins of Fairfield. For many of the Kentuckians now under McArthur's command, this is likely not their first visit to Moraviantown.

Contents

Biography

Sources vary as to McArthur's exact birthdate. It has been given as January 14, 1772[1][2] or June 14, 1772.[3][4] He was born to Scottish immigrants in Dutchess County in the Province of New York,[5] McArthur grew up in western Pennsylvania and later moved to Kentucky, where he was employed as an Indian ranger.[6]

McArthur obtained a position with Nathaniel Massie in 1793, and worked with Massie on a surveying expedition in the Northwest Territory. In 1796, he worked with Massie to lay out the new town of Chillicothe, Ohio,[6] which was to become the state capital in 1803. McArthur moved across the Ohio River in 1797 to Chillicothe, where he gained wealth by his land speculations in the Northwest Territory.

Career

McArthur was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Ohio's 3rd congressional district while serving in the state militia during the War of 1812. He never qualified for office as he preferred to continue serving in the military.

He was appointed colonel of Ohio volunteers and was second-in-command to General William Hull at Fort Detroit. He and Colonel Lewis Cass were not present at Detroit when Hull surrendered and were greatly angered to hear that Hull had included both of them in the capitulation. When a British officer notified him of the surrender, McArthur is said to have torn off his epaulettes and broke his sword in a fit of rage, although historians note similar stories were told about other officers as well.[7] The British paroled him and McArthur returned to Ohio.

He was appointed a Brigadier General in the U.S. Army. Shortly thereafter he was placed in charge of the Army of the Northwest following Harrison's resignation.[8]

McArthur did not face much action after that, but he was engaged in negotiating treaties with the Indians. In 1817, he was one of two commissioners (along with Lewis Cass) who negotiated the Treaty of Fort Meigs, which was signed September 29 of that year with several Native American tribes.

McArthur served intermittently thereafter in the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio State Senate. He was elected and served a single term from 1823–1825 in the United States House of Representatives before winning election to the governorship in 1830. McArthur served a single term and did not seek re-election.

Death

McArthur was buried in Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, US.[9] The trust established in his will later became the subject of litigation that went before the U.S. Supreme Court in McArthur v. Scott.

Legacy

The small village of McArthur, Ohio, the seat of Vinton County, is named for him.

McArthur founded the city of Greenfield, Ohio in 1799. Greenfield is located at N39 21.11958 W83 22.96284 (GPS coordinates), about 21 miles due west of Chillicothe. State Route 28, which runs between Greenfield and Chillicothe, in 1973 was named as General Duncan McArthur Highway per act of the 113th Ohio General Assembly.

References

  1. ^ The Encyclopedia of the War of 1812
  2. ^ Harper's Popular Cyclopædia of United States History
  3. ^ Congress BioGuide
  4. ^ Messages and letters of William Henry Harrison
  5. ^ "Ohio Governor Duncan McArthur". National Governors Association. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Duncan McArthur". Ohio History Central. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  7. ^ Cramer 1937, p. 134
  8. ^ Cramer 1937, p. 140
  9. ^ "Grandview Cemetery". Grandview Cemetery. Archived from the original on November 18, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2012.

External links

Wikisource-logo.svg "McArthur, Duncan" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.

This page was last edited on 2 December 2019, at 03:55
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