To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Duchy of Poland (1079–1138)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duchy of Poland
Księstwo Polskie (Polish)
Ducatus Poloniae (Latin)
1079–1138
Poland between 1102 and 1138.
Poland between 1102 and 1138.
CapitalKraków
Official languagesPolish
Latin
Religion
Roman Catholicism (institutional)
Slavic paganism (practiced)
Demonym(s)Polish
GovernmentPatrimonial monarchy
Duke 
• 1079–1102 (first)
Władysław I Herman
• 1098–1138 (last)
Bolesław III Wrymouth
Historical eraMeddle Ages
• Dethronisation of Bolesław II the Generous
1079
1138
CurrencyDenar
ISO 3166 codePL
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Poland
Duchy of Poland

The Duchy of Poland[a] was a duchy in Central Europe with patrimonial monarchy. Its capital was Kraków. The state was reformed from the Kingdom of Poland in 1079, following the dethronization of Bolesław II the Generous, and his replacement on the throne with Władysław I Herman. It existed until 1138, when, following the death of duke Bolesław III Wrymouth, the country was divided between his sons, into duchies of Seniorate Province, Greater Poland, Sandomierz, Masovia and Silesia, with all dukes being under the rule of High Duke of Duchy of Poland residing in the Seniorate Province.

History

After Bolesław's exile, the country found itself under the unstable rule of his younger brother Władysław I Herman (r. 1079–1102). Władysław was strongly dependent on Count Palatine Sieciech, an advisor from the ranks of the Polish nobility who acted much as the power behind the throne. When Władysław's two sons, Zbigniew and Bolesław, finally forced Władysław to remove his hated protégé, Poland was divided among the three of them from 1098, and after the father's death, from 1102 to 1106, it was divided between the two brothers.[1]

After a power struggle, Bolesław III Wrymouth (r. 1102–1138) became the duke of Poland by defeating his half-brother Zbigniew in 1106–1107. Zbigniew had to leave the country, but received support from Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, who attacked Bolesław's Poland in 1109. Bolesław was able to defend his realm due to his military abilities, determination and alliances, and also because of a societal mobilisation across the social spectrum (see Battle of Głogów). Zbigniew, who later returned, died in mysterious circumstances, perhaps in the summer of 1113. Bolesław's other major achievement was the conquest of all of Mieszko I's Pomerania (of which the remaining eastern part had been lost by Poland from after the death of Mieszko II), a task begun by his father Władysław I Herman and completed by Bolesław around 1123. Szczecin was subdued in a bloody takeover and Western Pomerania up to Rügen, except for the directly incorporated southern part, became Bolesław's fief,[2] to be ruled locally by Wartislaw I, the first duke of the Griffin dynasty.[3][4] At this time, Christianization of the region was initiated in earnest, an effort crowned by the establishment of the Pomeranian Wolin Diocese after Bolesław's death in 1140.[4]

List of rulers

Notes

  1. ^ Polish: Księstwo Polskie; Latin: Ducatus Poloniae

References

  1. ^ Jerzy Wyrozumski, Historia Polski do roku 1505 (History of Poland until 1505), p. 100–101
  2. ^ Atlas historyczny Polski (Atlas of Polish History), 14th edition, ISBN 83-7000-016-9, PPWK Warszawa–Wrocław 1998, p. 5
  3. ^ Atlas historyczny Polski (Atlas of Polish History), 14th edition, ISBN 83-7000-016-9, PPWK Warszawa–Wrocław 1998, p. 5
  4. ^ a b Jerzy Wyrozumski, Historia Polski do roku 1505 (History of Poland until 1505), pp. 101–104
This page was last edited on 12 October 2021, at 07:49
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.