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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Drochia
Drochia
Flag of Drochia
Flag
Coat of arms of Drochia
Coat of arms
Drochia is located in Moldova
Drochia
Drochia
Location in Moldova
Coordinates: 48°2′N 27°45′E / 48.033°N 27.750°E / 48.033; 27.750
CountryMoldova
DistrictDrochia District
Established1777
Government
 • MayorNina Cereteu, since 2015
Elevation
741 ft (226 m)
Population
 • Total13,150
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
MD-52xx
Area code(s)+373 252 xx x xx
ClimateDfb

Drochia (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdroki.a]) is a city in the northern part of Moldova. It is the administrative center of the eponymous district. The city is located 174.4 km (108.4 mi) north of the national capital, Chişinău, and 67 km (42 mi) north-east of the Romanian city of Iaşi. The average elevation of Drochia is 226 meters. The population at the 2004 census was 16,606.

The name of the city comes from a local type of bird, called dropie (English: great bustard).

History

Drochia is first mentioned by chroniclers in 1777. By 1830 it was a small settlement encompassing 25 families. A document dating from 1847 notes that a small grape-processing plant, the town's first industrial enterprise, had been built. Two mills situated on a local stream were built in 1875.

More intensive industrial development emerged after the railway first came through at the end of the 19th century. At the 1930 census, the locality (then a village) was known as Drochia-Gară (literally Drochia Station), and had a population of only 595. It was part of Plasa Bădiceni of the Soroca County.

Drochia received the status of a city in 1973.

Demographics

Ethnic composition
Ethnic group 1930 census 2004 census 2014 census
Moldovans N/A 12,670 10,556
Romanians 181 194 569
Ruthenians and Ukrainians 77 2,600 1,314
Russians 209 986 570
Jews 112 13 N/A
Bulgarians 22 17
Gagauzians 18 13
Poles 5 6 68
Gypsies 2
Armenians 7 95
Serbians, Croatians, Slovenes 1
others 3
Total 595 16,606 13,150
Native language
Language 1930 census 2004 census
Romanian 198 N/A
Russian 210 N/A
Yiddish 102 N/A
Ukrainian 80 N/A
Polish 4 N/A
other 1 N/A
Total 595 16,606

Media

Mayors of Drochia

  • Anatol Pleşca 1991–1999
  • Valeriu Ceban 1999–2007
  • Grigore Melnic 2007 – 2011
  • Igor Grozavu 2011 – 2015
  • Nina Cereteu 2015 -

Photo gallery

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Drochia is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 04:29
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