To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Douglas Black (physician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Douglas Andrew Kilgour Black (29 May 1913 – 13 September 2002)[1] was a Scottish physician and medical scientist who played a key role in the development of the National Health Service. He conducted research in the field of public health and was famous as the author of the Black Report. He was also known for the Black Formula, a translation of the Pignet formula to British measurements.

He was born in Delting Shetland in 1913[1], educated at Forfar Academy, and studied medicine at the Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, graduating with MB ChB in 1933.

He conducted research into water loss and dehydration, first at Oxford University, and then at the University of Manchester, where he became professor of medicine in 1959.[1]

In 1974 he became the first chief scientist at the Department of Health and Social Security of the UK government. From 1977–1983 he was president of the Royal College of Physicians. He also served as the president of the British Medical Association and took an uncompromising stand against the apartheid regime in South Africa.

In the 1970s Black was asked by the Labour government of the UK to chair an expert committee to investigate health inequalities. The report produced by this committee, popularly known as "The Black Report" was published in 1980. Although unpopular with the then Conservative government, it has had a major impact on knowledge on the subject of health inequality since that time, and was published by Penguin Books as Inequalities in Health: The Black Report and the Health Divide in 1982.

Later, Black chaired the UK government investigation into childhood leukaemia around the nuclear reprocessing plant at Sellafield, Cumbria, UK.

Black was created a Knight Bachelor in 1973, and a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem in 1989.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    57 655
    169 324
    4 926 400
  • ✪ Professor Griff speaks on The Olympics, Gabby Douglas, and Black Athletes
  • ✪ Dr. Sebi- The Truth about AIDS, Black Leaders, and Healthy (Electrical) Living



Black, Douglas; Wolstenholme, Gordon (1987). "Sir Douglas Black in interview with Sir Gordon Wolstenholme". Oxford Brookes University. doi:10.24384/000149. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)


  1. ^ a b c Richmond, Caroline (2002-09-17). "Sir Douglas Andrew Kilgour Black, (1913-2002) Obituary". The Independent. Retrieved 2016-05-24.

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Cyril Clarke
President of the Royal College of Physicians
Succeeded by
Raymond Hoffenberg
This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 20:40
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.