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Domodedovo (town)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Domodedovo

Домодедово
Monument to Vladimir Lenin in Domodedovo
Monument to Vladimir Lenin in Domodedovo
Flag of Domodedovo
Flag
Coat of arms of Domodedovo
Coat of arms
Location of Domodedovo
Domodedovo is located in Russia
Domodedovo
Domodedovo
Location of Domodedovo
Domodedovo is located in Moscow Oblast
Domodedovo
Domodedovo
Domodedovo (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°26′24″N 37°45′43″E / 55.44000°N 37.76194°E / 55.44000; 37.76194
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Founded1900
Town status since1947
Government
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies[2]
Area
 • Total159.27 km2 (61.49 sq mi)
Elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Population
 • Total96,145
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
127,850 (+33%)
 • Rank177th in 2010
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toDomodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofDomodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugDomodedovo Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofDomodedovo Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
142000
Dialing code(s)+7 49679; 495 546-8x-xx
OKTMO ID46709000001
Websitewww.domod.ru

Domodedovo (Russian: Домодедово, IPA: [dəmɐˈdʲedəvə]) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 37 kilometers (23 mi) south of Moscow. Population: 96,145 (2010 Census);[4] 54,080 (2002 Census);[9] 55,294 (1989 Census).[10] The increase of population is due to the merger of three neighboring inhabited localities into the town in 2004.[which?]

Geography

The city is located on the Moskva-Oka plain, in the center of the East European Plain, south-east of the capital, 37 km from the center of Moscow, on the Moscow - Kashira highway and the Paveletsky suburban railway line, near the federal highway, M-4 "Don". Most of the town is located to the west of the railway line. The town stretches from north to south along the railroad tracks on 26 kilometers. The climate is moderate continental, with cold, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers. The frequent passage of cyclones from the Atlantic and the Mediterranean sometimes causes an increase in cloud cover. Average mid-January temperature is about -10,5 °C, and mid-July is +17,5 °C. The average duration of the frost-free period is 130 days. Soil is alluvial, gray forest. Water resources are virtually non-existent. The main rivers that flows in the area are Rozhayka, Severka and Pakhra Rivers.

History

The name of the modern town, Domodedovo which was incorporated in 1900, was given after nearby village with the same name, was first mentioned around 1401 in the spiritual literacy of Vladimir the Bold, Prince of Serpukhov and Borovski.[11] The modern city is located on the old road, Kashira way, that for centuries connected Moscow with Kashira and many other southern cities.

In the 17th century within the town of Domodedovo two villages existed: Nazarevo (Russian: Назарьево) and Sknilovo (Russian: Скнилово). The exact date of their disappearance is unknown.

In 1781, during the administrative reform of Catherine II a city called Nikitsk was founded on site Kolychёva village and was a district seat in the Moscow Governorate. The Nikitsky District included Domodedovo village as well as Nikitskoye, Bityagovo and Zaborye which were part of the territory of today's Domodedovo District, and directly, on the territory of the town itself.

Almost until the middle of the 19th century the town area was overgrown with small bushes and deciduous trees. During 1861 the peasant reform, on part of the land that belonged to the town of Podolsk in Domodedovo District, the Domodedovo palace forest dacha was formed.

Domodedovo was founded in 1900 as a settlement next to a train station of the same name.[citation needed] It was called after a nearby village of Domodedovo, which is known to have existed since 1410. It was granted town status in 1947.[citation needed] The Domodedovo International Airport is located a few kilometers away from Domodedovo proper.

In 2007, a referendum on the building of a toll motorway within the city limits took place, where 95% of the inhabitants voted against.[12] A group of residents of Domodedovo have announced the establishment of the "Russian Democratic Republic"[13] and asked the European Union for official recognition.[14][15][16]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with 139 rural localities, incorporated as Domodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] The administrative division was established on April 1, 2011 as a result of abolishing Domodedovsky District, the territory of which was re-organized as the town under oblast jurisdiction.[17]

As a municipal division, Domodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Domodedovo Urban Okrug.[6]

Economy

There is a big industrial area with construction materials plants and warehouses complexes. Transaero had its head office on the property of Domodedovo Airport.[18]

Media

The local newspaper is Prizyv; the local TV-stations are TV-Domodedovo and Aviatel.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ Устава городского округа Домодедово
  3. ^ "Регионы России. Основные социально-экономические показатели городов" - 2012 год
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Law #234/2006-OZ
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Духовная грамота Владимира Андреевича Храброго, князя Серпуховского и Боровского на сайте краеведческой группы «ИстокЪ»
  12. ^ Results of the referendum (in Russian)
  13. ^ The name is alternatively transliterated as "Ruski" by various sources.
  14. ^ http://en.ria.ru/russia/20121001/176339100.html
  15. ^ http://prod-euronews.euronews.net/2012/10/08/russian-village-in-independence-bid/
  16. ^ http://eng.rusadvocat.com/node/132
  17. ^ Московская областная Дума. Закон №88/2010-ОЗ от 9 июля 2010 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"», в ред. Закона №177/2010-ОЗ от 24 декабря 2010 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области " внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования, за исключением пункта 3 статьи 1, который вступает в силу с 1 января 2011 г. и абзаца сорок пятого этого пункта, который вступает в силу с 1 апреля 2011 г.. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #88/2010-OZ of July 9, 2010 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast", as amended by the Law #177/2010-OZ of December 24, 2010 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication, with the exception of item 3 of Article 1, which takes effect on January 1, 2001, and paragraph forty-five of that item, which takes effect on April 1, 2011.).
  18. ^ Contact us Archived October 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Transaero Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "JSC "Transaero Airlines", Domodedovo airport, Domodedovskiy District, Moscow region, 142015, Russia." – "Связь с нами Archived October 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine." – Address in Russian: "142015, Россия, Московская область, Домодедовский район, аэропорт «Домодедово», ОАО «АК «Трансаэро»"

Sources

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №249/2019-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2019 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #249/2019-OZ of November 29, 2019 On amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №234/2006-ОЗ от 21 декабря 2006 г. «О городском округе Домодедово и его границе», в ред. Закона №178/2011-ОЗ от 28 октября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Закон Московской области "О городском округе Домодедово и его границе"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №241, 26 декабря 2006 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #234/2006-OZ of December 21, 2006 On Domodedovo Urban Okrug and Its Border, as amended by the Law #178/2011-OZ of October 28, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On Domodedovo Urban Okrug and Its Border". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).

External links

This page was last edited on 8 April 2021, at 23:12
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