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Doña Ana County, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Doña Ana County, New Mexico
Doña Ana County, New Mexico, Government Center 2014.jpg
Doña Ana County Government Center
Flag of Doña Ana County, New Mexico

Seal of Doña Ana County, New Mexico

Map of New Mexico highlighting Doña Ana County

Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico

New Mexico's location within the U.S.
SeatLas Cruces
Largest cityLas Cruces
 • Total3,814 sq mi (9,878 km2)
 • Land3,808 sq mi (9,863 km2)
 • Water6.9 sq mi (18 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)215,579
 • Density55/sq mi (21/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6

Doña Ana County is a county located in the southern part of the State of New Mexico of the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, its population was 209,233,[1] which makes it the second-most populated county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Las Cruces,[2] the third-most populous municipality in New Mexico, after Albuquerque and Rio Rancho.

The county is named for Doña Ana Robledo, who died there in 1680 while fleeing the Pueblo Revolt.[3] Doña Ana is pronounced Doh-nya Ahna [ˌdoɲa ˈana], fast speech [doˈɲana].[4]

Doña Ana County consists of the Las Cruces, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the El Paso-Las Cruces, TX-NM Combined Statistical Area. It borders Luna, Sierra, and Otero counties in New Mexico,and El Paso County, Texas to the east and southeast.

The state of Chihuahua, Mexico borders the county to the south. Construction of an improved barrier on the border was expedited in 2019 with waivers of environmental and other laws. The waivers are for 27 laws including protection of endangered species, archaeological sites, and historic places.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 094
    1 068
  • ✪ Doña Ana County Master Gardeners: Gardening in Southern New Mexico
  • ✪ Hatch to Deming, New Mexico, Doña Ana, Sierra & Luna County, NM 26 Highway 11 August 2016 GOPR2352
  • ✪ Dona Ana Las Cruces.mpg
  • ✪ Doña Ana County Reopens Juvenile Detention Center
  • ✪ Las Cruces, New Mexico - Old Mesilla Village (La Mesilla) HD (2016)


[music] [Jeff Anderson] The Doña Ana County Master Gardeners, they help the public through the New Mexico State Cooperative Extension Service. And they provide information, research-based information, to the public through the Master Gardener Hotline, at the farmers market, ag field days and conferences, and home and garden expos. They also volunteer at community events and help inspire kids to garden by working with schools and community youth groups. They educate people of all ages about plants, soils, pests, and gardening in our desert environment. [Joan Woodward] Master gardeners in Southern New Mexico have their work cut out for them. A lot of people move here from other parts of the country that have more shade, more trees, cold winters, and a lot more water. We have long, hot summers. We have less than nine inches of rain. We have alkaline soils. But, balancing all of that, is, we have a long growing season. And you can plant three kinds of vegetables per year. And so, we can plant in February. That's a really busy time for us. We can plant in July in the heat of the summer. And then we can plant again, later on, for colder crops that can withstand our short winter. So from a garden perspective, in terms of food, we have a cornucopia of food that we can grow here in Southern New Mexico. In Doña Ana County, we have this benefit of growing from the foothills down to the river valley. And we have such different microclimates within that region that it seems like we're growing in different states all together. Up in the mountains, they do really well with the desert species that people love--the cacti and the yuccas. Mesquite trees are lovely and provide wonderful shade. And then as you move down from the mountains in our county, you hit what could be called the "Banana Belt", where they're more protected from the cold, harsh winds in the winter and so you can grow a greater number of plants from elsewhere. In the valley, the river valley, it's hard to tell if a garden will be in clay or in sand. It could be either as the river shifted and deposited different kinds of soil. This garden here is based on clay which makes it really challenging to growa lot of the plants that love fast-draining soil. But what's good about it is that the soil holds moisture longer, which is excellent for orchards and for a lot of the food crops. And a way of getting around that is to put sand on top of the clay, making a perched water table so that you get the best of both worlds. So the gardens down in the valley look really different from the ones just up slope in Doña Ana County. But, we can grow such a wide diversity of plants that you can see really different gardens throughout the valley. So, we work with people to adapt to this beautiful place with some really harsh conditions, but we can work with them to be successful. [music]



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,814 square miles (9,880 km2), of which 3,808 square miles (9,860 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (0.2%) is covered by water.[6]

The county contains a number of prominent geographical features, most notably the Mesilla Valley (the flood plain of the Rio Grande) going north to south through the center and the Organ Mountains along the county's eastern edge. Other mountain ranges in the county are the Robledo Mountains, Doña Ana Mountains, Sierra de las Uvas, the southern end of the San Andres Mountains, East Potrillo Mountains, and West Potrillo Mountains, as well as two small, isolated mountains, Tortugas (or A) Mountain on the east and Picacho Peak on the west side of Las Cruces. The county also includes one of New Mexico's four large lava fields, the Aden Malpais, and one of the world's largest maare volcanoes, Kilbourne Hole.

Adjacent counties and municipios

National protected areas


2000 U.S. Census

Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2017215,579[7]3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 174,682 people, 59,556 households, and 42,939 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 65,210 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.82% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 24.74% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. 63.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 59,556 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.70% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,808, and the median income for a family was $33,576. Males had a median income of $27,215 versus $20,883 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,999. 25.40% of the population and 20.20% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 34.40% are under the age of 18 and 12.70% are 65 or older.

2010 U.S. Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 209,233 people, 75,532 households, and 51,863 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 55.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.2/km2). There were 81,492 housing units at an average density of 21.4 per square mile (8.3/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% white, 1.7% black or African American, 1.5% American Indian, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 18.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 65.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 7.3% were German, and 2.2% were American.[15]

Of the 75,532 households, 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, and 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 32.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,657 and the median income for a family was $43,184. Males had a median income of $33,510 versus $25,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,315. About 20.1% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]


Doña Ana is a Democratic-leaning county in Presidential and Congressional elections. Since 1920, Doña Ana has voted for the candidate who also won statewide, the only exception being in 2004 when Democrat John Kerry won Doña Ana 51–48%, while Republican George W. Bush won statewide 50–49%. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama won 58% of the county's vote.

Presidential elections results
Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 35.9% 25,374 53.7% 37,947 10.4% 7,327
2012 41.1% 27,322 55.9% 37,139 3.0% 1,962
2008 40.5% 28,068 58.1% 40,282 1.3% 930
2004 47.7% 29,548 51.3% 31,762 1.1% 650
2000 45.6% 21,263 51.3% 23,912 3.2% 1,478
1996 40.3% 17,541 52.3% 22,766 7.5% 3,257
1992 36.9% 16,308 45.0% 19,894 18.1% 8,015
1988 51.7% 21,582 47.0% 19,608 1.3% 557
1984 60.9% 22,153 38.1% 13,878 1.0% 362
1980 53.9% 15,539 37.6% 10,839 8.5% 2,442
1976 53.1% 13,888 46.0% 12,036 0.9% 233
1972 59.8% 14,562 38.6% 9,416 1.6% 388
1968 54.2% 10,824 38.3% 7,658 7.6% 1,508
1964 40.3% 7,280 59.4% 10,748 0.3% 57
1960 46.5% 7,789 53.2% 8,905 0.4% 61
1956 58.6% 7,025 41.0% 4,918 0.4% 48
1952 56.3% 5,902 43.5% 4,556 0.2% 20
1948 40.0% 3,440 59.5% 5,116 0.4% 37
1944 43.0% 3,149 56.9% 4,172 0.1% 6
1940 41.6% 3,720 58.3% 5,208 0.1% 8
1936 30.8% 2,494 68.4% 5,544 0.8% 64
1932 31.0% 2,354 67.6% 5,133 1.4% 108
1928 59.1% 3,141 40.8% 2,169 0.2% 8
1924 58.6% 2,823 36.8% 1,775 4.6% 221
1920 66.3% 2,627 33.3% 1,318 0.5% 19
1916 59.4% 1,606 39.8% 1,078 0.8% 22
1912 44.2% 912 43.4% 895 12.5% 257

Doña Ana is part of New Mexico's 2nd congressional district, which is held by Democrat Xochitl Torres Small. In the State Senate Doña Ana is part of the 31st, 36th, 37th, 38th, and 40th Senate districts, which are held by Democrats Joseph Cervantes, Jeff Steinborn, David Soules, Mary Kay Papen, and Republican Bill Burt, respectively. In the State House Doña Ana is part of the 33rd, 34th, 35th, and 52nd House districts, which are held by Democrats Bill McCamley, Belaquin Gomez, Angelica Rubio, and Joanne Ferray, respectively, the 37th and 53rd House districts, which are held by Republican Ricky Little, respectively, and the 36th House district, which is held by Nathan Small. Current County Commissioners are as follows: Lynn Ellins (District 1), Ramon S. Gonzalez (District 2), Shannon Reynolds (District 3), Isabella Solis (District 4), and VACANT (District 5).[18]

In January 2012, a Federal court awarded former County prisoner Stephen Slevin a $22 million award[19] for inhumane treatment and for keeping him jailed for 2 years without a trial.[20][21] In a radio interview on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation program As It Happens broadcast February 7, 2012, Slevin's lawyer indicated that he was arrested for "DWI". During his incarceration, Slevin was placed in solitary confinement. When his health deteriorated, Slevin was removed to a hospital, but after two weeks in the hospital, he was returned to solitary confinement. The lawyer stated that pictures taken before and after Slevin's time in jail were key to the trial's outcome.[22] The District Attorney for the 3rd Judicial District in Doña Ana County during the 2005 - 2007 indefinite detention without trial of Mr. Slevin was Susana Martinez, who later became the Governor of New Mexico.[23]

In August 2013, County Clerk Lynn Ellins announced he would begin granting marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Ellins said in a statement explaining his decision:[24]

After careful review of New Mexico's laws it is clear that the state's marriage statutes are gender neutral and do not expressly prohibit Doña Ana County from issuing marriage licenses to same-gender couples. Any further denial of marriage licenses to these couples violates the United States and New Mexico Constitution and the New Mexico Human Rights Act. Doña Ana County is upholding New Mexico law by issuing these marriage licenses, and I see no reason to make committed couples in Doña Ana County wait another minute to marry.

Several Republican state legislators vowed to file suit against Ellins in a bid to halt the licenses from being issued.[25]


Map of Doña Ana County
Map of Doña Ana County




Census-designated places

Other places

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Doña Ana Historical Marker". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
  4. ^ Spellenberg, Richard (May 10, 2002). "CLEOME MULTICAULIS ON THE RÍO GRANDE IN SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO" (PDF). The New Mexico Botanist. apparently published by the [then so called] (as of 2002) "Range Science Herbarium and Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, New Mexico State University" -- which seems to correspond to what is now (as of 2014) -- called the "Range Science Herbarium": of the NMSU "College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences" (but, "see also": the "Cooperative Extension Service": (quote:) Wright spelled fonetically, and didn’t spell presisely, and Doñana is the proper pronunciation for Doña Ana. So we can remove that remote possibility. External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ Kocherga, Angela (April 28, 2019). "Homeland Security expedites border wall project". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  18. ^
  19. ^ Stephen Slevin vs. Board of Commissioners for the County of Doña Ana, et al. "Special Verdict Form." United States District Court, Santa Fe, NM. January 24, 2012
  20. ^ "Lonely hell of long forgotten prisoner Stephen Slevin". The Telegraph (AU). January 29, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
  21. ^ Mears, Bill (January 25, 2012). "Former inmate wins $22 million over 'forgotten' solitary confinement". CNN. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
  22. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation program As It Happens, February 7, 2012
  23. ^ "Meet the Governor." New Mexico Office of the Governor Susana Martinez. January 29, 2012.
  24. ^ "ELLINS: DOÑA ANA COUNTY ISSUING SAME-GENDER MARRIAGE LICENSES". Doña Ana County. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  25. ^ "GOP to challenge state's gay marriages". Santa Fe New Mexican. August 22, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.

External links

Las Cruces, New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico
Doña Ana | Mesilla | University Park
Doña Ana County
New Mexico State University

This page was last edited on 27 July 2019, at 18:23
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