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Division of Kooyong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kooyong
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Kooyong 2019.png
Division of Kooyong in Victoria, as of the 2019 federal election.
Created1901
MPJosh Frydenberg
PartyLiberal
NamesakeKooyong, Victoria
Electors108,424 (2019)
Area55 km2 (21.2 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of Kooyong is an Australian Electoral Division for the Australian House of Representatives in the state of Victoria, which covers an area of approximately 55 km2 (21 sq mi) in the inner-east suburbs of Melbourne. It is currently based on Kew, and also includes Balwyn, Canterbury, Deepdene, Hawthorn, Mont Albert and Mont Albert North; and parts of Camberwell, Glen Iris, Hawthorn East and Surrey Hills.

Since the 2010 election, Josh Frydenberg, the federal Treasurer and current Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, has been the member for the Division, following the retirement of Petro Georgiou.

History

Kooyong Stadium. The division (containing the suburb and stadium of Kooyong) takes its name from an Aboriginal word for camp or resting place.[1]
Kooyong Stadium. The division (containing the suburb and stadium of Kooyong) takes its name from an Aboriginal word for camp or resting place.[1]

The Division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first Federal election.

Kooyong has been held by the Liberal Party of Australia and its conservative predecessors for its entire existence, apart from 1921 to 1925, when John Latham successfully ran as a "Liberal", mainly on the platform of removing Billy Hughes as Prime Minister. With Hughes' resignation in 1923, Latham joined the governing Nationalist Party, and remained a member till his resignation from the seat and his elevation to the High Court. It is one of two original electorates in Victoria to have never been won by the Australian Labor Party, the other being Gippsland. For decades, it has been one of the safest Coalition seats in metropolitan Australia. Even during Labor's landslide victory in 1943, Menzies won comfortably with 62.5 percent of the two-party-preferred vote.

The seat's best-known member was Sir Robert Menzies, the longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia. From 1922 to 1994, it was held by only three members, all of whom went on to lead the non-Labor forces in Parliament – former Opposition Leader and future Chief Justice John Latham, Menzies, and former Opposition Leader Andrew Peacock.

Peacock's successor, high-profile Liberal backbencher Petro Georgiou, saw off a challenge from Josh Frydenberg for Liberal Party preselection in April 2006. On 22 November 2008, Georgiou announced his retirement at the next federal election.[2] Frydenberg won preselection as the Liberal Party's candidate for the seat for the 2010 election and won, despite a small swing against him.

In 2019, high-profile Greens candidate Julian Burnside received the highest two-party preferred vote against the Liberals or their predecessors in 90 years, at 44.3%. The Liberals had anticipated a strong contest and doubled their campaign funding to Kooyong earlier in the year, from $500,000 to $1 million.[3] Frydenberg retained the seat, despite suffering a significant negative swing of 8.81% and the Liberal Party receiving its lowest first preference vote in the electorate in 76 years. It was also only the second time in 76 years that the major non-Labor party did not win the seat outright on the first count. The swing was actually large enough to drop the Liberal margin in a "traditional" two-party contest with Labor to 6.8 percent, the closest margin between the parties in decades. Although the Liberal Party won in the majority of booths, the Greens had the highest primary vote in three booths (Melbourne, Glenferrie and Glenferrie Central) and won in two-party preferred terms in 10 of the booths.

Name

The Division is named after the suburb of Kooyong, on which it was originally based. However, the suburb of Kooyong has not been in its namesake electorate for some time, being instead in neighbouring Higgins. Nonetheless, the seat has retained the name of Kooyong, primarily because the Australian Electoral Commission's guidelines on electoral redistributions require it to preserve the names of original electorates where possible.[4]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
 
William Knox.jpg
William Knox
(1850–1913)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
1906
Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Resigned due to ill health
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
26 July 1910
 
Robert Best - Swiss Studios 01 (cropped).jpg
Sir Robert Best
(1856–1946)
Commonwealth Liberal 24 August 1910
17 February 1917
Previously a member of the Senate. Lost seat
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
16 December 1922
 
Johnlatham.jpg
John Latham
(1877–1964)
Liberal Union 16 December 1922
1925
Served as minister under Bruce and Lyons. Served as Opposition Leader from 1929 to 1931. Retired. Later appointed Chief Justice of Australia
  Nationalist 1925 –
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
7 August 1934
 
Portrait Menzies 1950s.jpg
(Sir) Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
United Australia 15 September 1934
21 February 1945
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Nunawading. Served as minister under Lyons, Page and Fadden. Served as Opposition Leader from 1943 to 1949. Served as Prime Minister from 1939 to 1941, and 1949 to 1966. Resigned to retire from politics
  Liberal 21 February 1945 –
17 February 1966
 
Andrew Peacock 1960s.png
Andrew Peacock
(1939–2021)
Liberal 2 April 1966
16 August 1994
Served as minister under Gorton, McMahon and Fraser. Served as Opposition Leader from 1983 to 1985, and from 1989 to 1990. Resigned to retire from politics
 
No image.svg
Petro Georgiou
(1947–)
Liberal 19 November 1994
19 July 2010
Retired
 
사본 -46872819934 82c431fff4 o.jpg
Josh Frydenberg
(1971–)
Liberal 21 August 2010
present
Served as minister under Turnbull. Incumbent. Currently a minister under Morrison

Election results

2019 Australian federal election: Kooyong[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 48,928 49.41 −8.24
Greens Julian Burnside 21,035 21.24 +2.65
Labor Jana Stewart 16,666 16.83 −3.70
Independent Oliver Yates 8,890 8.98 +8.98
United Australia Steven D'Elia 1,185 1.20 +1.20
Animal Justice Davina Hinkley 1,117 1.13 +1.00
Independent Bill Chandler 669 0.68 +0.68
Independent Angelina Zubac 539 0.54 −2.32
Total formal votes 99,029 97.03 −0.97
Informal votes 3,033 2.97 +0.97
Turnout 102,062 94.14 +0.48
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 56,127 56.68 −6.14
Labor Jana Stewart 42,902 43.32 +6.14
Two-candidate-preferred result
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 55,159 55.70 −7.64
Greens Julian Burnside 43,870 44.30 +44.30
Liberal hold Swing N/A

References

  1. ^ Profile of the electoral division of Kooyong (Vic)[1] Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. ^ The Age Online (2008). Georgiou, the party conscience, to quit. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Libs to burn $1m on Frydenberg". The Australian. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Guidelines for naming divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  5. ^ Kooyong, VIC, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

External links

This page was last edited on 6 January 2022, at 14:08
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