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Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is a statutory office (50 U.S.C. § 3036) that functions as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, which in turn is a part of the United States Intelligence Community. Since February 2017, the D/CIA has been a Cabinet-level position.

The Director reports to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and is assisted by the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The Director is a civilian or a general/flag officer of the armed forces[2] nominated by the President of the United States, with the concurring or nonconcurring recommendation from the DNI,[3] and must be confirmed by a majority vote of the US Senate.[4]

History

Before April 21, 2005, the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) headed both the Intelligence Community and the Central Intelligence Agency. In addition, DCI served as an advisor to the President of the United States on intelligence matters and was the statutory intelligence advisor to the National Security Council (NSC). On April 21, 2005, the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) took on the roles as head of the Intelligence Community and principal intelligence advisor to the President and the NSC.

The post of DCI was established in 1946 by President Harry S. Truman;[5] it thus predates the establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency (created by the National Security Act of 1947). After the end of World War II, the Office of Strategic Services was dismantled and its functions were split between the Departments of State and War (now Defense).[6] President Truman soon recognized the inefficiency of this arrangement and created the Central Intelligence Group,[7] which could be considered a smaller precursor to the National Security Council.[8] The following year the National Security Act of 1947 created the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council, while formally defining the duties of the Director of Central Intelligence. The duties of the DCI had been further defined over the years by tradition, congressional acts, and Executive Orders.

Order of succession

The order of succession determines which official shall act and perform the functions and duties of the Director in the event he or she dies, resigns, or otherwise becomes unable to perform their duties. The official will serve as Acting Director.

If the official is already serving in an acting capacity, or he or she is otherwise not eligible under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998, the Order skips to the next person in line. However, the President of the United States retains discretion to depart from the list in designating an Acting Director.[9]

No. Title
1
Deputy Director
2
Chief Operating Officer
3
Deputy Director of CIA for Operations
4
Deputy Director of CIA for Analysis
5
Deputy Director of CIA for Science and Technology
6
Deputy Director of CIA for Digital Innovation
7
Deputy Director of CIA for Support
8
General Counsel
9
Deputy Chief Operating Officer
10
Senior CIA Representative for the United Kingdom
11
Senior CIA Representative for the East Coast
12
Senior CIA Representative for the West Coast

List of Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency

  Denotes an Acting Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
No. Director Tenure President(s) served under
Position succeeded the Director of Central Intelligence.
1
Porter J. Goss official CIA portrait (cropped).jpg
Porter Goss April 21, 2005 – May 5, 2006[10] George W. Bush
2
Michael Hayden, CIA official portrait (cropped).jpg
Michael Hayden May 30, 2006 – February 12, 2009[11]
Barack Obama
3
Leon Panetta official portrait (cropped).jpg
Leon Panetta February 13, 2009 – June 30, 2011[12]
CIA Michael Morell (cropped).jpg
Michael Morell
Acting
July 1, 2011 – September 6, 2011
4
DCIA David Petraeus (cropped).jpg
David Petraeus September 6, 2011 – November 9, 2012[13]
CIA Michael Morell (cropped).jpg
Michael Morell
Acting
November 9, 2012 – March 8, 2013
5
John Brennan CIA official portrait (cropped).jpg
John Brennan March 8, 2013 – January 20, 2017[14]
Meroe Park
Acting
January 20, 2017 – January 23, 2017 Donald Trump
6
Mike Pompeo CIA headshot.jpg
Mike Pompeo January 23, 2017 – April 26, 2018[15]
7
Gina Haspel official CIA portrait (cropped).jpg
Gina Haspel April 26, 2018 – May 21, 2018
May 21, 2018 – present

Living former Directors of Central Intelligence Agency

As of March 2020, there are six living former Directors of Central Intelligence Agency (with all Directors that have served since 2005 still living), the oldest being Leon Panetta (served 2009–2011, born 1938).

References

  1. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5313
  2. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 528 Officers serving in certain intelligence positions: military status; exclusion from distribution and strength limitations; pay and allowances
  3. ^ 50 U.S.C. § 403-6 Appointment of officials responsible for intelligence-related activities
  4. ^ 50 U.S.C. § 3036 Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  5. ^ "A Look Back … The National Security Act of 1947 — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  6. ^ "Office of Strategic Services facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Office of Strategic Services". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  7. ^ "The Organizational Arrangements for the Intelligence Community". www.gpo.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  8. ^ "Truman signs the National Security Act - Jul 26, 1947 - HISTORY.com". HISTORY.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  9. ^ https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/memorandum-providing-order-succession-within-central-intelligence-agency/
  10. ^ "Porter Johnston Goss". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
  11. ^ "Michael Vincent Hayden". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
  12. ^ "Leon Edward Panetta". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
  13. ^ "David Howell Petraeus". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
  14. ^ "John O. Brennan". Central Intelligence Agency – Leadership.
  15. ^ "Mike Pompeo". Central Intelligence Agency – Leadership.
This page was last edited on 6 January 2020, at 06:30
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