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Diary of a Country Priest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Diary of a Country Priest
Diary of a Country Priest.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Bresson
Written byRobert Bresson
Based onThe Diary of a Country Priest
by Georges Bernanos
Produced by
  • Léon Carré
  • Robert Sussfeld
Starring
CinematographyLéonce-Henri Burel
Edited byPaulette Robert
Music byJean-Jacques Grünenwald
Distributed byBrandon Films Inc.
Release date
  • 7 February 1951 (1951-02-07)
Running time
115 minutes
CountryFrance
LanguageFrench

Diary of a Country Priest (French: Journal d'un curé de campagne) is a 1951 French drama film written and directed by Robert Bresson, and starring Claude Laydu in his debut film performance. A faithful adaptation of Georges Bernanos' novel of the same name, which had won the Grand prix du roman de l'Académie française in 1936, it tells the story of a sickly young Catholic priest who has been assigned a small village in northern France as his first parish. The film was lauded for Laydu's performance, which has been called one of the greatest in the history of cinema, and won numerous awards, including the Grand Prize at the Venice International Film Festival and the Prix Louis Delluc.[1]

Plot

In the small village of Ambricourt, the new parish priest keeps a diary, which he can be seen writing in and heard reading from throughout the film. Due to an undiagnosed stomach ailment, he has excluded meat and vegetables from his diet and primarily subsists on cheap wine with sugar and bread added. The locals are mostly either indifferent or hostile to the young priest, whether it be an old man who complains about the fees to bury his wife or the students of the catechism class who play tricks, so, as this is his first appointment, he often consults with the older and more experienced Priest of Torcy, who says he needs to worry about keeping order, rather than being loved.

The only parishioner who attends daily mass is Miss Louise, the young governess at the local manor, who is secretly having an affair with the Count. She complains that her ward, Chantal, mistreats her, so the priest says he will go talk to the Count, who he has been looking for an excuse to see about getting help starting a youth club and sports program. The Count initially approves of the priest's plans, but cools when the priest attempts to broach the subject of the conflict between Chantal and Louise.

When the priest revisits the manor, the Count avoids him, so he is greeted by the Countess, who withdrew from the world when Chantal's younger brother died several years ago, but he soon begins to feel ill and leaves. He goes to see Dr. Delbende, an elderly physician with a struggling practice who, though an atheist, is friends with and was recommended by the Priest of Torcy. The doctor palpates the priest's abdomen at length, but offers no diagnosis.

The priest finds it difficult to pray, even when he is able to find the time to try. One day, he receives an anonymous letter in Louise's handwriting telling him to ask to be transferred to another parish. He becomes convinced that God has abandoned him, and is particularly affected by the death of Dr. Delbende, which is rumored to be a suicide, but decides he has not lost his faith.

Chantal tells the priest that the Count and Louise plan to send her away and the Countess is not trying to stop them. The priest worries Chantal may be suicidal and, on a hunch, asks her to hand over her suicide note, which she produces from her pocket. Concerned, he goes to see the Countess, and, overheard by Chantal, they have a contentious theological conversation, by the end of which the Countess has come to terms with the death of her son and reconciled with God. She dies that night of a heart condition, and Louise leaves the manor shortly thereafter. Chantal lies and says the priest spoke harshly to the Countess and tormented her to death. The Canon (who is the Count's uncle), the Count, and the Priest of Torcy all question the priest's conduct, but he only weakly defends himself and does not mention the letter of thanks the Countess sent him before she died, choosing to let his actions speak for themselves.

After the priest passes out one night and begins to intermittently hemorrhage blood, he decides to go to the city of Lille to see a doctor. Chantal visits him when he is packing and says the whole town thinks he is a drunk and her father is sure to have him transferred, but he maintains his composure.

In Lille, the doctor diagnoses the priest with stomach cancer. He visits Dufrety, a classmate from seminary who took a leave from the ministry after becoming sick and now works selling drugstore supplies and lives with a woman out of wedlock. The priest faints and ends up staying with Dufrety until he dies. Dufrety relates in a letter to the Priest of Torcy that the Priest of Ambricourt asked him for absolution shortly before dying and he complied, though not without communicating that he was not sure if it was appropriate. The priest's response to this were his last words: "What does it matter? All is Grace."

Cast

  • Claude Laydu as Priest of Ambricourt (Curé d'Ambricourt)
  • Léon Arvel as Fabregars
  • Antoine Balpêtré as Dr. Delbende (Docteur Delbende)
  • Jean Danet as Olivier
  • Yvette Etiévant (credited as Jeanne Etiévant) as Cleaning Lady (Femme de ménage)
  • Adrien Borel (credited as André Guibert) as Priest of Torcy (Curé de Torcy)
  • Bernard Hubrenne as Abbot[a] Dufréty (Abbé Dufréty)
  • Nicole Ladmiral as Chantal
  • Martine Lemaire as Séraphita Dumouchel
  • Nicole Maurey as Miss Louise (Mlle Louise)
  • Martial Morange as Deputy Mayor (L'Adjoint)
  • Jean Riveyre as Count (Le Comte)
  • Gaston Séverin as Canon (Le Chanoine)
  • Gilberte Terbois as Madame Dumouchel (Mme Dumouchel)
  • Rachel Bérendt (credited as Marie-Monique Arkell) as Countess (La Comtesse)

Production

At one point, screenwriters Jean Aurenche and Pierre Bost wrote an adaptation of the novel, but Georges Bernanos rejected their draft. Bresson did not write his screenplay until after Bernanos was dead, and said he "would have taken more liberties" if Bernanos had still been alive.[2] While the film remains faithful to the spirit of the novel, Bresson strips the story bare with his exceptionally sober film style, to the degree that François Truffaut (who particularly admired the film) was likely employing understatement when he said the film had sound scenes that were "down-to-earth."

In the film, Bresson cast some non-professional actors, which is a practice he would expand upon in his subsequent films. His direction of these amateurs, who he referred to as "models", purposely constrained their movements and expressions, as he believed the performers' emotive lack would leave greater room for response in the audience. The models were often encouraged to empty themselves of intention by repeating a take until they lost all sense of the meaning of their actions and were simply moving or speaking "automatically".

The film was Bresson's first to utilize a complex soundtrack and voice-over narration. Its dialogue, which frequently consists of debates on spiritual and ethical matters, is complimented by voice-over commentary drawn from the diary after which the film is titled. Bresson stated that "an ice-cold commentary can warm, by contrast, tepid dialogues in a film. Phenomenon analogous to that of hot and cold in painting."[1] Frequently, the commentary is intentionally redundant, with the priest informing the audience of an action that he has recently, or will shortly, complete on-screen.

Analysis

Throughout his filmography, Bresson was consistently captivated by characters that fall victim to an ineradicable idea or resolution, with Diary of a Country Priest being no exception. However, while his characters necessarily evidence motivated behaviors and decisions, Bresson scrupulously denied any hint of melodrama, and tried to minimize what he referred to as "psychologism" (meaning drama reducible to the intersection of its characters' personalities). Further, he aimed to preclude the insertion of any textual "value judgements" on the content of the film via the construction of its form. The resulting contemplative—perhaps even ascetic—formal distancing is meant to serve Bresson's overriding (Christian) spiritual concern, foregrounding ineffability and irreducible mystery, while nonetheless leaving room for grace.

Reception

Diary of a Country Priest was a financial success in France and established Bresson's international reputation as a major film director. Film critic André Bazin wrote an entire essay on the film, calling it a masterpiece "because of its power to stir the emotions, rather than the intelligence."[1] Claude Laydu's debut performance in the title role has been described as one of the greatest in the history of film, with Jean Tulard writing in his Dictionary of Film that "No other actor deserves to go to heaven as much as Laydu."[3]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 95% approval rating based on 39 critics, with an average rating of 8.70/10; the site's "critics consensus" reads: "Diary of a Country Priest brilliantly captures one man's spiritual and religious journey -- and the striking next phase in the evolution of a major filmmaking talent."[4] French journalist Frédéric Bonnaud praised Bresson's minimalist approach to the film's setting and argued: "For the first time in French cinema, the less the environment is shown, the more it resonates [...] ubiquitous and constant, persistent and unchanging, it doesn’t need to be shown: its evocation through sound is enough. It’s a veritable prison."[5] John Simon of the National Review praised the film and regarded it as Bresson's best film.[6] Armond White of the New York Press praised the film, noting that "Bresson exemplified 20th-century ecumenical intelligence that is much out of fashion today, yet remains singular and powerful."[7]

Numerous filmmakers have expressed their admiration for the film. The Russian filmmaker Andrei Tarkovsky ranked the film at the top of a list of his ten favorite films.[8] The Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman was "extremely fond" of the film and called it "one of the strangest works ever made".[9][10] The Austrian filmmaker Michael Haneke regards the film as one of his favorite of Bresson's films.[11] The Portuguese filmmaker Pedro Costa included the film in his list of the top 10 films available from the Criterion Collection.[12] American director Martin Scorsese said the film influenced his own Taxi Driver (1976),[13] and Paul Schrader, who wrote the script for Taxi Driver, noted the film as a major influence when writing and directing his 2017 film First Reformed.[14]

Awards

The film won eight international awards, including the Grand Prize at the Venice International Film Festival and the Prix Louis Delluc.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ The narration indicates Dufrety was a priest, rather than an abbot.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Wakeman 1987, pp. 57.
  2. ^ Truffaut, François (2004). "A Certain Tendency of the French Cinema". Film Theory: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies (Philip Simpson ed.). New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 11.
  3. ^ Robert Bergan, "Claude Laydu obituary", The Guardian, 7 August 2011, accessed 15 June 2014
  4. ^ "Diary of a Country Priest (Journal d'un curé de campagne) (1954)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  5. ^ Bonnaud, Frédéric (2 February 2004). "Diary of a Country Priest - From the Current". Film Comment. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  6. ^ John Simon. "Ingmar Bergman on Mouchette". RobertBresson.com. Retrieved 18 June 2021. John Simon: "What about Bresson? How do you feel about him?" Ingmar Bergman: "Oh, Mouchette! I loved it, I loved it! But Balthazar was so boring, I slept through it." John Simon: "I liked Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne and A Man Escaped, but I would say The Diary of a Country Priest is the best one." Ingmar Bergman: "I have seen it four or five times and could see it again ... and Mouchette ... really ..."
  7. ^ Armond White (February 23, 2011). "Crises of Faith". New York Press. New York Press. Archived from the original on 2012-01-30. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  8. ^ Lasica, Tom. "Tarkovsky's Choice". Nostalghia.com. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  9. ^ "Bergman about other filmmakers". Ingmar Bergman Face to Face. Ingmar Bergman Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011. Ingmar Bergman: "Jag är också oerhört förtjust i En prästmans dagbok, som är ett av de märkligaste verk som någonsin gjordes. Nattvardsgästerna är ganska influerad av den."
  10. ^ Philip Mosley (1981). Ingmar Bergman - The Cinema as Mistress. M. Boyars. p. 71. ISBN 9780714526447.
  11. ^ Zachary Wigon (December 19, 2009). "Fueling the Audience's Mistrust: The White Ribbon". Tribeca. Tribeca Enterprises LLC. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Pedro Costa's Top 10". The Criterion Collection. March 10, 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  13. ^ Martin Scorsese: Interviews, ed. Peter Brunette. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi (1999): 67. "Don't forget that is what the priest is doing in Diary of a Country Priest."
  14. ^ Risker, Paul (13 July 2018). "Cinema Is Anti-Spiritual: Interview with 'First Reformed' Director Paul Schrader". PopMatters. Retrieved 31 May 2022.

Sources

  • Wakeman, John (1987). World Film Directors. Vol. 1. The H. W. Wilson Company.

Further reading

  • Tibbetts, John C., and James M. Welsh, eds. The Encyclopedia of Novels Into Film (2nd ed. 2005) pp 98–99.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 July 2022, at 19:13
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