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Dewey Jackson Short

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dewey Jackson Short
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil-Military Affairs
In office
March 15, 1957 – November 1958
PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byGeorge H. Roderick
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Chair of the House Armed Services Committee
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
SpeakerJoseph William Martin, Jr.
Preceded byCarl Vinson
Succeeded byCarl Vinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1957
Preceded byDistrict inactive
Succeeded byCharles H. Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 14th district
In office
March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1931
Preceded byJames F. Fulbright
Succeeded byJames F. Fulbright
Personal details
Born(1898-04-07)April 7, 1898
Galena, Missouri, U.S.
DiedNovember 19, 1979(1979-11-19) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican

Dewey Jackson Short (April 7, 1898 – November 19, 1979) was an American politician from Missouri. He was US Representative for 12 terms (1929-1931, 1935-1957). A member of the Republican Party, he was a staunch opponent of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal.

Early life

Short was born in Galena, Missouri on April 7, 1898, to Jackson Grant Short and Permelia C. Long. Short attended Galena High School and Marionville College. He served in the infantry during World War I and graduated from Baker University in 1919 and from Boston University in 1922. Short also attended Harvard University, Heidelberg University, the University of Berlin, and Oxford University. He was a professor of ethics, psychology, and political philosophy at Southwestern College in Winfield, Kansas in 1923, 1924, and 1926–1928. Short was a pastor of the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, Springfield, Missouri, in 1927. He married Helen Gladys Hughes of Washington, DC, on April 20, 1937. The couple had no children.


Short was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-first Congress (March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1931) and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1930 to the Seventy-second Congress. He resumed his former professional pursuits and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1932. Short was an unsuccessful candidate in 1932 for nomination to the United States Senate but was elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress and the ten succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1957). At the 1940 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Short received 108 delegate votes for the party's vice presidential nomination and was the runner-up to the eventual nominee, Charles L. McNary, who received votes from 848 delegates.[1]

He served as chairman of the Committee on Armed Services in the Eighty-third Congress. On April 30, 1955, he was presented with an Honorary Ozark Hillbilly Medallion by the Springfield, Missouri, Chamber of Commerce during a broadcast of ABC-TV's Ozark Jubilee.[2] Short did not sign the 1956 Southern Manifesto.

Short was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1956 to the Eighty-fifth Congress. He was defeated by Charles H. Brown, the vote being 90,986 for Brown to 89,926 for Short. In 1945, he had served as a congressional delegate to inspect concentration camps in Germany. Short served as Assistant Secretary of the Army from March 15, 1957, to January 20, 1961, and was later President Emeritus of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress. Short died in Washington, D.C. on November 19, 1979, and was interred in Galena Cemetery, Galena, Missouri.

Richard Nixon cited Short as perhaps the finest orator he had ever seen in his book, In the Arena.


"I deeply and sincerely regret that this body has degenerated into a supine, subservient, soporific, superfluous, supercilious, pusillanimous body of nitwits, the greatest ever gathered beneath the dome of our National Capitol, who cowardly abdicate their powers and, in violation of their oaths to protect and defend the Constitution against all of the Nation's enemies, both foreign and domestic, turn over these constitutional prerogatives, not only granted but imposed upon them,to a group of tax-eating, conceited autocratic bureaucrats a bunch of theoretical, intellectual, professorial nincompoops out of Columbia University, at the other end of Pennsylvania Avenue who were never elected by the American people to any office and who are responsible to no constituency. These brain trusters and 'new dealers' are the ones who wrote this resolution, instead of the Members of this House whose duty it is, and whose sole duty it is, to draft legislation." --- Delivered in the U.S. House of Representatives on January 23, 1935.

"Mr. Jefferson founded the Democratic Party and President Roosevelt has dumfounded it."

"I have always been old-fashioned enough to believe it is much better to 'git up and get' than it is to 'sit down and set.' The only animal I know which can sit and still produce dividends is the old hen."

"I know that without change there would be no progress, but I am not going to mistake mere change for progress."

"I look at the Supreme Court and know why Jesus wept."

See also


Wiley, Robert S., Dewey Short, Orator of the Ozarks. Cassville, Miss.: Litho Printers and Bindery, 1985.

External links

  • United States Congress. "Dewey Jackson Short (id: S000377)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-02-21
  • "Dewey Jackson Short". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 14th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by
District established
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil-Military Affairs)
March 15, 1957 – November 1958
Succeeded by
Office abolished
This page was last edited on 5 July 2022, at 05:26
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