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Denis Johnston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Denis Johnston 1968
Denis Johnston 1968

(William) Denis Johnston (18 June 1901 – 8 August 1984) was an Irish writer. Born in Dublin, he wrote mostly plays, but also works of literary criticism, a book-length biographical essay of Jonathan Swift, a memoir and an eccentric work on cosmology and philosophy. He also worked as a war correspondent, and as both a radio and television producer for the BBC. His first play, The Old Lady Says "No!", helped establish the worldwide reputation of the Dublin Gate Theatre; his second, The Moon in the Yellow River, has been performed around the globe in numerous productions featuring such storied names as James Mason, Jack Hawkins, Claude Rains, Barry Fitzgerald, James Coco and Errol Flynn. Later plays dealt with the life of Swift, the 1916 Rebellion, the pursuit of justice, and the fear of death. He wrote two opera libretti and a pageant.

Career

Johnston was a protégé of WB Yeats and Shaw, and had a stormy friendship with Seán O'Casey. He was a pioneer of television and war reporting. He worked as a lawyer in the 1920s and 1930s before joining the BBC as a writer and producer, first in radio and then in the fledgling television service. His broadcast dramatic work included both original plays and adaptation of the work of many different writers.

During the Second World War he served as a BBC war correspondent, reporting from El Alamein to Buchenwald. For this he was awarded an OBE, a Mentioned in Despatches and the Yugoslav Partisans Medal. He then became Director of Programmes for the television service.

Johnston later moved to the United States and taught at Mount Holyoke College, Smith College and other universities. He kept extensive diaries throughout his life, now deposited in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, and these together with his many articles and essays give a distinctive picture of his times and the people he knew. Another archive of his work is held at the library of Ulster University at Coleraine. He received honorary degrees from the University of Ulster and Mount Holyoke College and was a member of Aosdána.

Denis and actress Shelah Richards were the parents of Jennifer Johnston, a respected novelist and playwright,[1] and a son, Micheal. His second wife was the actress Betty Chancellor, with whom he had two sons, Jeremy and Rory.[2]

Critical Acclaim

Denis Johnston c. 1930
Denis Johnston c. 1930

Hilton Edwards, who first directed The Old Lady Says "No!", said that the script "read like a railway guide and played like Tristan and Isolde."[3]

Reviewing The Moon in the Yellow River in The New York Times, Brooks Atkinson wrote "Mr Johnston does not explain; he irradiates."[4] Set in 1927 during an attempt by the IRA to destroy an Irish Free State government power plant, a later New York Times review of the play's 1961 revival noted an "exhilaratingly mad, comic strain.".[5] But acclaim was not universal. Irish writer and broadcaster (and later member of the Irish Senate) Denis Ireland remarked that the play's success in London was "natural enough" for "it fulfils the first law of Anglo-Irish literature: it makes the native Irish appear a race of congenital idiots."[6]

Johnston's war memoir Nine Rivers from Jordan reached The New York Times' Best Seller list and was cited in the World Book Encyclopedia's 1950s article on World War II under "Books to Read", along with Churchill, Eisenhower et al.[7] Joseph Ronsley cites an unnamed former CBS Viet Nam correspondent who called the book the "Bible", carrying it with him constantly, "reading it over and over in the field during his tour of duty."[8]

In a profile in the New Yorker in 1938, Clifford Odets is quoted as saying that the only playwrights he admired were John Howard Lawson, Sean O’Casey, and Denis Johnston.[9]

Johnston's tribute to Dublin, "Strumpet city in the sunset," from the closing speech of The Old Lady says "No!", has achieved its own fame. James Plunkett titled his epic novel of Dublin before the First World War Strumpet City. And a travel guide written by Harvard students in introducing Dublin made a classic misattribution: "James Joyce loved his 'Strumpet city in the sunset'."[10]

The Denis Johnston Playwriting Prize is awarded annually by Smith College Department of Theatre for the best play, screenplay or musical written by an undergraduate at Smith, Mount Holyoke, Amherst and Hampshire Colleges and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The prize was endowed by his former student at Smith, Carol Sobieski.

Works

Stage Plays

Synopses of the plays can be found at Denis Johnston on Irish Playography.

  • The Old Lady Says "No!" (1929)
  • The Moon in the Yellow River (1931)
  • A Bride for the Unicorn (1933)
  • Storm Song (1934)
  • Blind Man's Buff (1936) (with Ernst Toller)
  • The Golden Cuckoo (1939)
  • The Dreaming Dust (1940)
  • A Fourth for Bridge (1948)
  • 'Strange Occurrence on Ireland's Eye' (1956)
  • Tain Bo Cuailgne – Pageant of Cuchulainn (1956)
  • The Scythe and the Sunset (1958)

Biography

  • In Search of Swift (1959)
  • John Millington Synge (1965)

Autobiography

  • Nine Rivers from Jordan (1953)
  • Orders and Desecrations (1992) (ed. Rory Johnston)

Non-fiction

  • The Brazen Horn (1976)

Opera libretti

Adaptations for the stage

  • Six Characters in Search of an Author (1950) (translation from Pirandello)
  • Finnegans Wake (1959) (from Joyce)

Films

  • Guests of the Nation (1935) (director) [1] IMDb
  • Riders to the Sea (1935) (acted the part of Michael) [2] IMDb
  • Ourselves Alone (1936) (co-screenwriter) [3] IMDb
  • "The True Story of Lilli Marlene (1944)". IMDb (self)

Bibliography

  • Adams, Bernard. Denis Johnston: A Life. Lilliput Press, 2001.
  • Barnett, Gene A. Denis Johnston. Twayne's English Authors Series No. 230. G.K. Hall & Co., 1978.
  • Ferrar, Harold. Denis Johnston's Irish Theatre. Dolmen Press, 1973.
  • Igoe, Vivien. A Literary Guide to Dublin. Methuen, 1994.
  • Johnston, Denis. The Dramatic Works of Denis Johnston (3 vols.). Colin Smythe, 1979.
  • Ronsley, Joseph, ed., Denis Johnston: a retrospective. Irish Literary Studies No. 8, Colin Smythe, Barnes & Noble Books, 1981.

External links

References

  1. ^ "A shaper of sophisticated stories". Irishtimes.com. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  2. ^ Clarke, Frances (2009). "Chancellor, (Lilias) Betty". In McGuire, James; Quinn, James (eds.). Dictionary of Irish Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Ronsley, Joseph, ed., Denis Johnston: a retrospective. Irish Literary Studies No. 8, Colin Smythe, Barnes & Noble Books, 1981, p. 5
  4. ^ "The Moon in the Yellow River". The New York Times. 13 March 1932. p. sec. 8 p.1.
  5. ^ Howard Taubman, "The Theatre: Irish Irony; Johnston's 'Moon in the Yellow River' Revived." New York Times. February 7, 1961
  6. ^ Denis Ireland (1936) From the Irish Shore: Notes on My Life and Times (London Rich & Cowan). p. 209
  7. ^ World Book Encyclopedia, Field Enterprises Educational Corporation, 1959, Vol. 18 p. 8927
  8. ^ Ronsley op. cit., p. vii
  9. ^ New Yorker Jan. 22 1938 p. 27
  10. ^ Let’s Go Britain and Ireland. E.P. Dutton 1978
This page was last edited on 18 July 2021, at 02:45
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