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Demographics of the Solomon Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Solomon Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Of its,[1] 94.5% are Melanesian, 3% Polynesian, and 1.2% Micronesian.[2] In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernaculars are spoken.

Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, and only 10% reside in urban areas.

The capital city of Honiara is situated on Guadalcanal, the largest island. The other principal towns are Gizo, Auki, and Kirakira.

Most Solomon Islanders are Christian, with the Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, and Seventh-day Adventist faiths predominating. About 5% of the population maintain traditional beliefs.

The chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are:

  • The practice of subsistence economy;
  • The recognition of bonds of kinship, with important obligations extending beyond the immediate family group;
  • Generally egalitarian relationships, emphasising acquired rather than inherited status; and
  • A strong attachment of the people to the land.

Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life.

The World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[3]

 Demographics of Solomon Islands, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Demographics of Solomon Islands, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.


  • 622,469

Age structure

  • 0–14 years: 35.68% (male 114,349/female 107,750)
  • 15–24 years: 20.01% (male 64,036/female 60,512)
  • 25–54 years: 35.73% (male 113,306/female 109,133)
  • 55–64 years: 4.45% (male 13,863/female 13,820)
  • 65 years and over: 4.13% (male 12,315/female 13,385) (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

  • 2.02%

Birth rate

  • 25.77 births/1,000 population

Death rate

  • 3.85 deaths/1,000 population

Net migration rate

  • -1.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population


  • Urban Population: 22.3% of total population
  • Rate of Urbanization: 4.25% annual rate of change

Sex ratio

  • At Birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 0–14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 15–24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 25–54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 55–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
  • Total Population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Infant mortality rate

  • 114 deaths/100,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

  • Total population: 75.12 years
  • Male: 72.49 years
  • Female: 77.88 years (2015 est.)

Total fertility rate

  • 3.28 children born/woman (2015 est.)

Health expenditure

  • 5.1% of GDP

Physicians density

  • 0.22 physicians/1,000 population

Hospital bed density

  • 1.3 beds/1,000 population


  • Solomon Islanders (noun)
  • Solomon Islander (adjective)

Ethnic groups




  • Total population: 84.1%
  • Male: 88.9%
  • Female: 79.2%


This page was last edited on 2 March 2018, at 21:48.
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