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Demographics of Saskatchewan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces. It has an area of 651,900 km² (251,700 mi²) and a population of 1,117,503 (Saskatchewanians) as of January 2014. Most of its population lives in the southern half of the province. The most populous city is Saskatoon with a population of 260,600 (2011) in the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), followed by the province's capital, Regina with a population of 210,556 (2011) in the CMA. The province's population makeup is also notable for German being the largest European ethnic group and also for the largest proportion of people of indigenous descent of any of the provinces.

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Transcription

National demographics can often mask major regional differences. For example, the rate of population growth in Canada remained quite stable over the last 20 years, averaging 1% growth per year. averaging 1% growth per year. But trends at the national level hide some striking regional differences. Among provinces, the rate of growth was close to 3% in Alberta. In contrast, population declined in three Atlantic Provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador. The rate of growth in Alberta in the last two years was among the highest in more than 30 years. If growth were to continue at this rate, the population of the province would double in about 25 years. Low population growth is likely to continue in Atlantic Provinces. For the first time recently, some of these provinces registered negative natural increase, meaning that more deaths than births occurred in these provinces. With population aging, the difference between deaths and births is likely to grow. Therefore, any future population growth which might take place would be most likely to come either from immigration or interprovincial migration. In Quebec, Ontario and B.C., international migratory increase has been the key driver of population growth for some time. In recent years, international migration has become the key driver of growth in Manitoba and Saskatchewan as well. In Alberta, interprovincial migration, and natural and international migratory increases contributed equally to the province’s growth. However, in all provinces east of Saskatchewan, interprovincial migration had a negative impact on population growth. Finally, natural increase remained the key factor for population growth in Nunavut, which had the highest fertility in Canada at close to 3 children per woman. In the future, the differences among regions in the drivers of population growth may lead to more pronounced differences from one region to the next and to a different Canada. Some regions will likely have higher ethnocultural diversity, while others might have a higher proportion of seniors. The point is, contrasts in population growth and factors of growth can have many implications for Canadians: Shifts in political influence and interests, Shifts in needs related to social programs and infrastructure, Shifts in labour force and economic dependencies. Find out more about Canadian demography at www.statcan.gc.ca A Statistics Canada minute was made possible by: the Census of Canada, the 2011 National Household Survey and the Population Estimates Program 00:02:43.00, 00:02:50.00 Statistics Canada, serving Canada with high-quality statistical information that matters.

Contents

Population since 1901

Saskatchewan's population since 1901
Saskatchewan's population since 1901
Year Population Five-year
% change
Ten-year
% change
Rank among
provinces
1901 91,279 n/a n/a 8
1911 492,432 n/a 439.5 3
1921 757,510 n/a 53.8 3
1931 921,785 n/a 21.7 3
1941 895,992 n/a -2.8 3
1951 831,728 n/a -7.2 5
1956 880,665 5.9 n/a 5
1961 925,181 5.1 11.2 5
1966 955,344 3.3 8.5 6
1971 926,242 -3.0 0.1 6
1976 921,325 -0.5 3.6 6
1981 968,313 5.1 4.5 6
1986 1,009,613 4.3 9.6 6
1991 988,928 -2.0 2.1 6
1996 976,615 -1.2 -3.3 6
2001 978,933 0.2 -1.0 6
2006 985,386 0.7 0.9 6
2011 1,053,960 7.0 7.6 6
2016 1,098,352 6.3 11.4 6

Source: Statistics Canada.[1][2]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 779,665 72.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[3]
South Asian 29,960 2.8%
Chinese 15,545 1.5%
Black 14,925 1.4%
Filipino 32,340 3%
Latin American 4,195 0.4%
Arab 4,300 0.4%
Southeast Asian 5,745 0.5%
West Asian 2,065 0.2%
Korean 1,875 0.2%
Japanese 955 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,150 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 2,820 0.3%
Total visible minority population 115,875 10.8%
Aboriginal group
Source:[4]
First Nations 114,570 10.7%
Métis 57,880 5.4%
Inuit 360 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 905 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 1305 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 175,020 16.3%
Total population 1,070,560 100%

Ethnic origins

Note: The following statistics include a combination of individual and multiple responses from the 2001 Census, and therefore do not add up to 100%.[5]

Due to the emigration of its non-indigenous peoples' population and the high birthrate of the aboriginal population it is estimated that by 2045 aboriginal people (including both Métis and First Nations) will make up just under a third of the province's population. [3]

Languages

The 2006 census showed a population of 968,157. Of the 946,250 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the languages most commonly reported were:

Language 2006 % 2001 %
1. English 811,275 85.7% 817,955 85.8%
2. German 28,555 3.0% 32,515 3.4%
3. Algonquian languages 26,525 2.8% 23,735 2.5%
Cree 24,255 2.6% 22,055 2.1%
Ojibway 1,745 0.2% 1,375 0.1%
4. Ukrainian 16,350 1.7% 19,650 2.1%
5. French 16,060 1.7% 17,775 1.9%
6. Chinese 7,475 0.8% 6,015 0.6%
Cantonese 1,720 0.2% 1,425 0.2%
Mandarin 715 0.1% 395 <0.1%
7. Athapaskan languages 7,145 0.8% 6,315 0.7%
Dene 7,135 0.8% 6,310 0.7%
8. Polish 2,510 0.4% 3,015 0.3%
9. Hungarian 2,190 0.2% 2,700 0.3%
10. Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 2,170 0.2% 1,545 0.2%
11. Dutch 1,785 0.2% 1,930 0.20%
12. Scandinavian languages 1,690 0.2% 2,320 0.2%
Norwegian 830 0.1% 1,260 0.1%
Danish 420 <0.1% 430 0.1%
Swedish 355 <0.1% 525 0.1%
13. Arabic 1,525 0.12% 1,090 0.11%
14. Russian 1,400 0.2% 1,440 0.2%
15. Vietnamese 1,305 0.1% 1,390 0.2%
16. Serbo-Croatian languages 1,250 0.1% 1,235 0.1%
Croatian 450 0.1% 435 0.1%
Bosnian 335 <0.1% N N
Serbian 270 <0.1% 210 <0.1%
Serbo-Croatian 195 <0.1% 590 0.1%
17. Greek 1,060 0.1% 980 0.1%
18. Panjabi (Punjabi) 850 0.1% 540 0.1%
19. Persian 785 0.1% 415 <0.1%
20. Romanian 770 0.1% 775 0.1%
21. Italian 735 0.1% 895 0.1%
22. Korean 675 0.1% 425 <0.1%
23. Germanic languages n.i.e. 605 0.1% 375 <0.1%
24. Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 410 <0.1% 345 <0.1%
25. African languages n.i.e. 405 <0.1% 130 0.01%
26. Portuguese 380 <0.1% 405 <0.1%
27. Finnish 365 <0.1% 435 <0.1%
28. Hindi 355 <0.1% 320 <0.1%
29. Lao 340 <0.1% 275 0.03%
30. Urdu 330 <0.1% 425 <0.1%
31= Bantu languages 325 <0.1% 170 <0.1%
Swahili 105 <0.1% 110 <0.1%
31= Czech 325 <0.1% 415 <0.1%
33. Berber 310 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
34. Japanese 290 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
35. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 285 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
36. Tigrigna 215 <0.1% 190 <0.1%
37= Gujarati 210 <0.1% 225 0.02%
37= Slovak 210 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
37= Somali 210 <0.1% 35 ~
40. Bengali 190 <0.1% 70 <0.1%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also 175 single-language responses for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 170 for Amharic; 155 for Turkish; 140 for Sinhala; 135 for Slavic languages n.i.e.; 130 for Slovenian; 120 for Pashto; 115 for Malay; 115 for Malayalam; 115 for Thai; 110 for Ilocano; 110 for Khmer; 100 for Celtic languages; and 100 for Sino-Tibetan languages n.i.e. In addition there were also 6,080 responses of both English and a non-official language; 245 of both French and a non-official language; 1,130 of both English and French; and 140 of English, French and a non-official language. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[6]

Migration

Immigration

The 2016 Canadian census counted a total of 112,490 immigrants living in Saskatchewan, 47,935 of whom arrived in the previous 5 years.
The most commonly reported countries of birth for all immigrants living in Saskatchewan were:[7]

1. Philippines 26,865
2. India 9,630
3. China 7,485
4. United Kingdom 7,020
5. Pakistan 6,860
6. United States 4,845
7. Ukraine 3,280
8. Vietnam 2,620
=9. Germany 2,575
=9. Bangladesh 2,575
11. South Africa 1,775
12. Nigeria 1,695
13. Poland 1,390
14. Mexico 1,330
15. Netherlands 1,220
16. Iraq 1,175
17. Syria 1,155
18. South Korea 1,125
19. Ireland 840
20. Jamaica 815

There were also about 800 immigrants from Russia; 785 from Iran; 770 from Hong Kong; 695 from Romania; 635 from Ethiopia and Somalia; 630 from El Salvador; 605 from Greece; 595 from Eritrea; 585 from Serbia; 570 from Italy; 560 from Myanmar; and 555 from Colombia;

Internal migration

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces
Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

A total of 81,535 people moved to Saskatchewan from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 131,845 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 42,000 people to Alberta, 4,980 to British Columbia, and 4,570 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 940 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, and 610 people from Manitoba. During this period there was a net outmigration of 775 francophones to Alberta, 545 to Quebec, 170 to Ontario, and 125 to British Columbia; as well as a net influx of 180 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Religion

According to the Canada 2001 Census, the most practiced religions in the province were:[10]

With increase immigration from highly religious countries such as the Philippines, the Christian population continues to rise, particularly the Catholic denomination, as well as small amounts of Protestants. 151,455 people declared themselves as without religion.

See also

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References

  1. ^ The history of Saskatchewan's population from Statistics Canada
  2. ^ Canada's population Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  3. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  4. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  5. ^ Ethnic origins from Statistics Canada
  6. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  7. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Place of Birth (272), Age (7A) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
  8. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census) Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)
  10. ^ Statistics Canada. "Population by religion, by province and territory (2001 Census) (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan)". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
This page was last edited on 16 February 2019, at 01:00
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