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Demographics of Greenland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Greenland, including population density, ethnicity, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Populations

On 1 July 2014, Greenland had 56,295 inhabitants. This represents an increase of 13 over 1 January but a decrease of 188 over 1 July 2013.[1] The decrease in Greenland's population is due to emigration, as natural growth is positive.

Age structure

0–6 years: 5,605 (male 2,893 ; female 2,712)

7–14 years: 6,531 (male 3,316 ; female 3,215)

15–17 years: 2,462 (male 1,243 ; female 1,219)

18–24 years: 6,491 (male 3,293 ; female 3,198)

25–64 years: 31,128 (male 16,960 ; female 14,168)

65- years: 4,153 (male 2,133 ; female 2,020)[2]

Vital statistics[3][4]

Year Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate
1900 12,000 416 306 110 35.6 26.2 9.4
1901 12,000 461 301 160 38.7 25.3 13.4
1902 12,000 426 259 167 35.5 21.6 13.9
1903 12,000 428 327 101 35.1 26.8 8.3
1904 12,000 535 283 252 43.5 23.0 20.5
1905 13,000 487 292 195 39.0 23.4 15.6
1906 13,000 493 366 127 39.1 29.0 10.1
1907 13,000 476 362 114 37.2 28.3 8.9
1908 13,000 543 378 165 42.1 29.3 12.8
1909 13,000 564 448 116 43.1 34.2 8.9
1910 13,000 443 354 89 33.6 26.8 6.7
1911 13,000 577 562 15 43.1 41.9 1.1
1912 14,000 482 389 93 35.7 28.8 6.9
1913 14,000 592 390 202 43.5 28.7 14.9
1914 14,000 531 458 73 38.8 33.4 5.3
1915 14,000 545 428 117 39.8 31.2 8.5
1916 14,000 545 447 98 39.5 32.4 7.1
1917 14,000 547 312 235 39.4 22.4 16.9
1918 14,000 550 328 222 39.3 23.4 15.9
1919 14,000 510 614 -104 36.2 43.5 -7.4
1920 14,000 569 429 140 40.1 30.2 9.9
1921 14,000 610 565 45 42.7 39.5 3.1
1922 15,000 545 396 149 37.3 27.1 10.2
1923 15,000 563 326 237 38.0 22.0 16.0
1924 15,000 580 426 154 38.4 28.2 10.2
1925 15,000 660 582 78 42.9 37.8 5.1
1926 16,000 619 340 279 39.7 21.8 17.9
1927 16,000 615 322 293 38.7 20.3 18.4
1928 16,000 680 366 314 42.0 22.6 19.4
1929 17,000 743 353 390 45.0 21.4 23.6
1930 17,000 768 383 385 45.7 22.8 22.9
1931 17,000 779 431 348 46.1 25.5 20.6
1932 17,000 728 625 103 43.3 37.1 6.2
1933 17,000 776 370 406 45.6 21.8 23.8
1934 17,000 807 503 304 46.4 28.9 17.5
1935 18,000 813 835 -22 46.5 47.7 -1.3
1936 18,000 740 811 -71 42.0 46.1 -4.0
1937 18,000 767 474 293 43.1 26.6 16.5
1938 18,000 731 375 356 40.4 20.7 19.7
1939 18,000 762 680 82 41.6 37.2 4.5
1940 19,000 873 356 517 46.9 19.1 27.8
1941 19,000 815 364 451 42.7 19.1 23.6
1942 20,000 904 448 456 46.1 22.9 23.3
1943 20,000 796 429 367 39.8 21.5 18.4
1944 20,000 911 491 420 44.7 24.1 20.6
1945 21,000 818 408 410 39.5 19.7 19.8
1946 21,000 920 416 504 43.6 19.7 23.9
1947 22,000 953 490 463 44.1 22.7 21.4
1948 22,000 883 499 384 40.5 22.9 17.6
1949 22,000 989 898 91 44.7 40.6 4.1
1950 23,000 1,129 539 590 50.0 23.8 26.1
1951 23,000 999 550 449 42.9 23.6 19.3
1952 24,000 1,034 475 559 43.1 19.8 23.3
1953 25,000 1,109 398 711 44.9 16.1 28.8
1954 26,000 1,136 388 748 44.4 15.2 29.2
1955 27,000 1,234 375 859 46.4 14.1 32.3
1956 27,000 1,293 351 942 47.2 12.8 34.4
1957 29,000 1,361 337 1,024 47.6 11.8 35.8
1958 30,000 1,410 290 1,120 47.2 9.7 37.5
1959 31,000 1,491 285 1,206 47.6 9.1 38.5
1960 33,000 1,586 256 1,330 48.6 7.8 40.7
1961 34,000 1,644 292 1,352 48.8 8.7 40.1
1962 35,000 1,610 361 1,249 46.1 10.3 35.8
1963 36,000 1,671 279 1,392 46.2 7.7 38.5
1964 38,000 1,797 329 1,468 47.4 8.7 38.7
1965 39,000 1,738 337 1,401 44.3 8.6 35.7
1966 41,000 1,781 329 1,452 43.5 8.0 35.5
1967 43,000 1,685 314 1,371 39.3 7.3 32.0
1968 45,000 1,576 333 1,243 35.3 7.4 27.8
1969 46,000 1,310 311 999 28.5 6.8 21.7
1970 46,000 1,144 283 861 24.7 6.1 18.6 2.66
1971 47,000 1,028 289 739 21.8 6.1 15.7
1972 48,000 948 295 653 19.6 6.1 13.5
1973 49,000 940 339 601 19.2 6.9 12.3
1974 50,000 866 332 534 17.5 6.7 10.8
1975 50,000 815 313 502 17.5 6.3 11.2 2.26
1976 50,000 859 348 511 17.3 7.0 10.3
1977 49,000 918 373 545 18.6 7.2 11.4 2.359
1978 49,000 870 309 561 17.7 6.4 11.3 2.209
1979 50,000 900 393 507 18.2 8.1 10.0 2.201
1980 50,000 1,034 380 654 20.5 7.6 12.8 2.449
1981 51,000 1,056 381 675 20.6 7.5 13.1 2.346
1982 52,000 1,052 408 644 20.6 8.2 12.4 2.252
1983 52,000 994 433 561 18.9 8.3 10.6 2.067
1984 53,000 1,054 439 615 20.0 8.3 11.7 2.119
1985 53,000 1,152 435 717 21.4 8.2 13.2 2.253
1986 54,000 1,055 445 610 19.7 8.3 11.4 2.052
1987 54,000 1,104 445 659 20.4 8.2 12.2 2.090
1988 55,000 1,213 432 781 22.1 7.9 14.3 2.323
1989 55,000 1,210 455 755 21.9 8.2 13.7 2.309
1990 56,000 1,258 467 791 22.6 8.4 14.2 2.453 34.8
1991 56,000 1,192 458 734 21.5 8.3 13.2 2.430 34.7
1992 55,000 1,237 441 796 22.4 8.0 14.4 2.616 14.7
1993 55,000 1,180 432 748 21.3 7.8 13.5 2.584 27.7
1994 56,000 1,139 445 694 20.5 8.0 12.5 2.534 24.0
1995 56,000 1,101 480 621 19.7 8.6 11.1 2.518 21.2
1996 56,000 1,051 444 607 18.8 8.0 10.9 2.502 23.0
1997 56,000 1,095 492 603 19.6 8.8 10.8 2.697 19.2
1998 56,000 980 457 523 17.5 8.1 9.3 2.458 20.0
1999 56,000 945 479 466 16.8 8.5 8.3 2.419 17.7
2000 56,000 879 450 429 15.6 8.0 7.6 2.333 19.0
2001 56,000 942 466 476 16.7 8.3 8.4 2.513 12.2
2002 57,000 954 446 508 16.9 7.9 9.0 2.570 15.3
2003 57,000 879 411 468 15.5 7.2 8.2 2.378 8.4
2004 57,000 892 479 413 15.7 8.4 7.3 2.421 15.0
2005 57,000 886 465 421 15.6 8.2 7.4 2.380 9.7
2006 57,000 842 440 402 14.8 7.7 7.1 2.258 16.7
2007 57,000 853 452 401 15.1 8.0 7.1 2.302 11.0
2008 56,000 834 428 406 14.8 7.6 7.2 2.253 9.9
2009 56,000 895 437 458 15.9 7.8 8.1 2.364 4.8
2010 56,000 869 504 365 15.4 8.9 6.5 2.257 8.1
2011 57,000 821 476 345 14.5 8.4 6.1 2.099 10.9
2012 57,000 786 459 327 13.8 8.1 5.8 1.972 9.0
2013 56,000 820 444 376 14.5 7.9 6.7 2.040
2014 56,000 805 461 344 14.3 8.2 6.1 1.991
2015 56,000 854 472 382 15.2 8.4 6.8 2.112
2016 56,000 830 487 343 14.8 8.7 6.1 2.047
2017 56,000 853 499 354 15.2 8.9 6.3 2.096
2018 56,000 819 487 332 14.7 8.7 6.0 1.997
2019 56,000 849 548 301 15.1 9.7 5.4 2.054
2020 56,000

Structure of the population [5]

Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates - Population statistics are compiled from registers) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 29 867 26 616 56 483 100
0-4 2 142 1 930 4 072 7.21
5-9 2 004 1 942 3 946 6.99
10-14 2 088 2 022 4 110 7.28
15-19 2 130 2 111 4 241 7.51
20-24 2 350 2 283 4 633 8.20
25-29 2 159 2 081 4 240 7.51
30-34 1 954 1 864 3 818 6.76
35-39 1 730 1 440 3 170 5.61
40-44 2 008 1 690 3 698 6.55
45-49 2 980 2 537 5 517 9.77
50-54 2 599 2 123 4 722 8.36
55-59 2 092 1 546 3 638 6.44
60-64 1 425 1 036 2 461 4.36
65-69 1 071 731 1 802 3.19
70-74 629 594 1 223 2.17
75-79 319 365 684 1.21
80-84 143 229 372 0.66
85-89 39 80 119 0.21
90-94 4 10 14 0.02
95-99 1 2 3 <0.01
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 6 234 5 894 12 128 21.47
15-64 21 427 18 711 40 138 71.06
65+ 2 206 2 011 4 217 7.47

Life expectancy at birth


total population: 71.25 years
male: 68.6 years
female: 74.04 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups of Greenland (2018)[6]
Ethnic groups percent
Inuit
89.7%
Danish
7.8%
Other Nordic
1.1%
Other
1.4%
Significant minority groups[7]
Nationality Population (2020)
 Philippines 373
 Thailand 208
 Iceland 128
 Sweden 74
 China 61
 Norway 53
 Germany 50
 USA 47
 Poland 39
 Canada 20

The population of Greenland consists of Greenlandic Inuit (including mixed-race persons), Danish Greenlanders and other Europeans and North Americans. The Inuit population makes up approximately 85%-90% of the total (2009 est.). 6,792 people from Denmark live in Greenland, which is 12% of its total population.

In recent years, Greenland experienced a significant increase in immigration from Asia, especially from the Philippines, Thailand, and China.

Languages

The only official language of Greenland is Greenlandic.[8] The number of speakers of Greenlandic is estimated at 50,000 (85-90% of the total population), divided in three main dialects, Kalaallisut (West-Greenlandic, 44,000 speakers and the dialect that is used as official language), Tunumiit (East-Greenlandic, 3,000 speakers) and Inuktun (North-Greenlandic, 800 speakers). The remainder of the population mainly speaks Danish; Inuit Sign Language is the language of the deaf community.

Religion

Most Greenlandic villages, including Nanortalik, have their own church.
Most Greenlandic villages, including Nanortalik, have their own church.

The nomadic Inuit people were traditionally shamanistic, with a well-developed mythology primarily concerned with propitiating a vengeful and fingerless sea goddess who controlled the success of the seal and whale hunts.

The first Norse colonists were pagan, but Erik the Red's son Leif was converted to Catholic Christianity by King Olaf Trygvesson on a trip to Norway in 990 and sent missionaries back to Greenland. These swiftly established sixteen parishes, some monasteries, and a bishopric at Garðar.

Rediscovering these colonists and spreading the Protestant Reformation among them was one of the primary reasons for the Danish recolonization in the 18th century. Under the patronage of the Royal Mission College in Copenhagen, Norwegian and Danish Lutherans and German Moravian missionaries searched for the missing Norse settlements and began converting the Inuit. The principal figures in the Christianization of Greenland were Hans and Poul Egede and Matthias Stach. The New Testament was translated piecemeal from the time of the very first settlement on Kangeq Island, but the first translation of the whole Bible was not completed until 1900. An improved translation using the modern orthography was completed in 2000.[9]

Today, the major religion is Protestant Christianity, mostly members of the Lutheran Church of Denmark. While there is no official census data on religion in Greenland, the Lutheran Bishop of Greenland Sofie Petersen[10] estimates that 85% of the Greenlandic population are members of its congregation.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.stat.gl/dialog/main.asp?lang=en&version=201403
  2. ^ http://www.stat.gl/publ/en/GF/2013/pdf/Greenland%20in%20Figures%202013.pdf
  3. ^ [1] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  4. ^ Statistics Greenland
  5. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  6. ^ "North America :: GREENLAND". CIA The World Factbook.
  7. ^ http://bank.stat.gl/pxweb/en/Greenland/Greenland__BE__BE01__BE0120/BEXST6.px/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=BEXST618-05-2020%2005:26:26
  8. ^ Ethnolgue
  9. ^ Leif Kiil Sørensen (29 November 2000). "Grønlandsk bibel præsenteret | Kristeligt Dagblad". Kristeligt-dagblad.dk. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  10. ^ "Bells ring a wake-up call for climate justice." Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine World Council of Churches. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010
  11. ^ "Grønland, Grundloven og Gejstligheden" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 19:02
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