To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Demographic economics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Demographic economics or population economics is the application of economic analysis to demography, the study of human populations, including size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.[1][2]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    88 719
    23 029
    41 203
    226 985
  • Demographic economics
  • Harry Dent’s Demographic Cliff and Global Economic Collapse|Harry S. Dent, Jr.|WKF 2015
  • Demographic Condition - Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence | Class 12 Economics
  • Demographic structure of society overview | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy
  • #5, Demographic conditions | occupational structure | Indian economic development | Class 12



Aspects of the subject include

Other subfields include measuring value of life[53][54] and the economics of the elderly[55][56][57] and the handicapped[58][59][60] and of gender,[61][62][63] race, minorities, and non-labor discrimination.[64][65] In coverage and subfields, it complements labor economics[66][67] and implicates a variety of other economics subjects.[68][69][70]


The Journal of Economic Literature classification codes are a way of categorizing subjects in economics. There, demographic economics is paired with labour economics as one of 19 primary classifications at JEL: J.[71] It has eight subareas:

Demographic Trends and Forecasts
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped
Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Value of life; Foregone Income
Public Policy

See also



  1. ^ a b c d Kelley, Allen C.; Schmidt, Robert M. (2008). "Economic Demography". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 655. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0428. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  2. ^ van Praag, Bernard M. S. (1988). "The notion of population economics". Journal of Population Economics. Vol. 1. pp. 5–16. doi:10.1007/bf00171507. JSTOR 20007247. PMID 12342564.
  3. ^ a b Foster, Andrew (2008). "Marriage Markets". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 356. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1044. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  4. ^ Schultz, T. Paul (2008). "Fertility in Developing Countries". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (PDF). London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 291. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0560. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  5. ^ Galor, Oded (2008). "Economic Growth in the Very Long Run". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (PDF). London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 685. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0434. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  6. ^ Adsera, Alicia (2008). "Fertility in Developed Countries". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 286. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0559. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  7. ^ Montgomery, Mark; Trussell, James (1986). Models of marital status and childbearing. Handbook of Labor Economics. Vol. 1. pp. 205–71. doi:10.1016/S1573-4463(86)01006-4. ISBN 978-0-444-87856-4.
  8. ^ Galor, Oded (2005). "The Demographic Transition and the Emergence of Sustained Economic Growth" (PDF). Journal of the European Economic Association. 3 (2–3): 494–504. doi:10.1162/jeea.2005.3.2-3.494. hdl:10419/80187. JSTOR 40004992.
  9. ^ Hanushek, Eric A (1992). "The Trade-Off between Child Quantity and Quality" (PDF). Journal of Political Economy. 100 (1): 84–117. doi:10.1086/261808. JSTOR 2138807.
  10. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L. (1996). "Religion as a determinant of marital fertility". Journal of Population Economics. 9 (2): 173–96. doi:10.1007/s001480050013. JSTOR 20007500. PMID 12320501.
  11. ^ Ermisch, John (2008). "Family Economics". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 260. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0550. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  12. ^ Ermisch, John (2003). An Economic Analysis of the Family. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-09667-4.[page needed]
  13. ^ Becker, Gary S. (2008). "Family". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 1. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.2528. ISBN 9780333786765.
  14. ^ Becker, Gary S. (1991) [1981]. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-90698-3.[page needed]
  15. ^ Becker, Gary S. (1988). "Family Economics and Macro Behavior" (PDF). American Economic Review. 78 (1): 1–13.
  16. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn (2007). Religion, Economics and Demography: The Effects of Religion on Education, Work, and the Family. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-70194-5.[page needed]
  17. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L. (2004). "Religion as a Determinant of Economic and Demographic Behavior in the United States". Population and Development Review. 30 (4): 707–726. doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2004.00038.x. hdl:10419/20687. JSTOR 3657335.
  18. ^ Weiss, Yoram (2008). "Marriage and Divorce". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 347. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1043. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  19. ^ Lehrer, Evelyn L.; Chiswick, Carmel U. (August 1993). "Religion as a Determinant of Marital Stability". Demography. 30 (3): 385–404. doi:10.2307/2061647. JSTOR 2061647. PMID 8405605.
  20. ^ de la Croix, David; Mariani, Fabio (2015-01-07). "From Polygyny to Serial Monogamy: a Unified Theory of Marriage Institutions*". The Review of Economic Studies. 82 (2): 565–607. doi:10.1093/restud/rdv001. hdl:2078.1/110739. ISSN 0034-6527.
  21. ^ Canning, David; Bloom, David E. (2008). "Population Health, Economic Implications of". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 516. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1310. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  22. ^ Vaupel, James W.; Von Kistowski, Kristín G.; Rau, Roland (2008). "Mortality". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 781. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1141. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  23. ^ Preston, Samuel H. (1975). "The Changing Relation between Mortality and level of Economic Development". Population Studies. 29 (2): 231–248. doi:10.1080/00324728.1975.10410201. PMC 2572360. PMID 11630494.
  24. ^ Bloom, D. E; Canning, D. (2007). "Commentary: The Preston Curve 30 years on: Still sparking fires". International Journal of Epidemiology. 36 (3): 498–9, discussion 502–3. doi:10.1093/ije/dym079. PMID 17550948.
  25. ^ Kelley, AC; Schmidt, RM (1996). "Saving, dependency and development". Journal of Population Economics. 9 (4): 365–86. doi:10.1007/BF00573070. PMID 12292225.
  26. ^ Weil, David N. (May 1999). "Population Growth, Dependency, and Consumption". The American Economic Review. 89 (2): 251–5. doi:10.1257/aer.89.2.251. JSTOR 117115.
  27. ^ Denton, Frank T.; Spencer, Byron G. (2010). "Population Aging and Its Economic Costs: A Survey of the Issues and Evidence". Canadian Journal on Aging. 19: 1–31. CiteSeerX doi:10.1017/S071498080001463X.
  28. ^ Ioannides, Yannis M.; Rossi-Hansberg, Esteban (2008). "Urban Growth". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 544. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1772. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  29. ^ Walker, James R. (2008). "Internal Migration". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 421. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0824. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  30. ^ Borjas, George J. (2008). "International Migration". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. p. 453. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0830. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  31. ^ Lee, Ronald D. (2008). "Population Dynamics". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 512. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1309. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  32. ^ Galor, Oded (2008). "Human Capital, Fertility and Growth". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (PDF). London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 109. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0755. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  33. ^ Galor, Oded; Weil, David N. (September 2000). "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and beyond". The American Economic Review. 90 (4): 806–28. CiteSeerX doi:10.1257/aer.90.4.806. JSTOR 117309.
  34. ^ Johnson, David Gale; Lee, Ronald Demos, eds. (1987). Population Growth and Economic Development: Issues and Evidence. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-11130-4.[page needed]
  35. ^ Kelley, Allen C. (1988). "Economic Consequences of Population Change in the Third World". Journal of Economic Literature. December (4): 1685–728. JSTOR 2726858.
  36. ^ Brander, James A.; Dowrick, Steve (1994). "The role of fertility and population in economic growth". Journal of Population Economics. 7 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1007/BF00160435. PMID 12287546.
  37. ^ Kremer, Michael (August 1993). "Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million B.C. to 1990". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 108 (3): 681–716. doi:10.2307/2118405. JSTOR 2118405.
  38. ^ Dasgupta, Partha (December 1995). "The Population Problem: Theory and Evidence". Journal of Economic Literature. 33 (4): 1879–902. JSTOR 2729316.
  39. ^ Arrow, K.; Bolin, B.; Costanza, R.; Dasgupta, P.; Folke, C.; Holling, C. S.; Jansson, B.-O.; Levin, S.; Mäler, K.-G.; Perrings, C.; Pimentel, D. (1995). "Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity, and the Environment". Science. 268 (5210): 520–1. Bibcode:1995Sci...268..520A. doi:10.1126/science.268.5210.520. PMID 17756719.
  40. ^ Cohen, J. (1995). "Population growth and earth's human carrying capacity". Science. 269 (5222): 341–6. Bibcode:1995Sci...269..341C. doi:10.1126/science.7618100. PMID 7618100.
  41. ^ Cohen, Joel E. (1995). How Many People Can the Earth Support?. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-31495-3.[page needed]
  42. ^ Currie, Janet (2008). "Child Health and Mortality". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 769. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0228. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  43. ^ National Research Council (1986). Population Growth and Economic Development: Policy Questions. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-03641-2.[page needed]
  44. ^ Theodore W. Schultz, 1981. Investing in People: The Economics of Population Quality, University of California Press. Description and chapter-preview links.
  45. ^ Sen, Amartya (1995). "Authoritarianism versus Cooperation" (PDF). International Lecture Series on Population Issues. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-23. Republished as Sen, Amartya (1997). "Population policy: Authoritarianism versus cooperation". Journal of Population Economics. 10 (1): 3–22. doi:10.1007/s001480050029. JSTOR 20007525.
  46. ^ Birdsall, Nancy; Kelley, Allen C.; Sinding, Steven W., eds. (2001). Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-152953-5.[page needed]
  47. ^ Samuelson, Paul A. (December 1958). "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money". Journal of Political Economy. 66 (6): 467–82. doi:10.1086/258100. JSTOR 1826989.
  48. ^ Gokhale, Jagadeesh (2008). "Generational Accounting". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 630. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0627. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  49. ^ Tuljapurkar, Shripad (2008). "Stable Population Theory". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 826. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1602. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  50. ^ Greenwood, Jeremy; Seshadri, Ananth; Vandenbroucke, Guillaume (2005). "The Baby Boom and Baby Bust". American Economic Review. 95: 183–207. doi:10.1257/0002828053828680.
  51. ^ Mosk, Carl (2008). "Historical Demography". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 38. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0738. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  52. ^ Lee, Ronald D. (2008). "Demographic Transition". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 433. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0374. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  53. ^ Kip Viscusi, W. (2008). "Value of Life". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 586. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1784. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  54. ^ Becker, Gary S; Philipson, Tomas J; Soares, Rodrigo R (2005). "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality". American Economic Review. 95 (1): 277–291. CiteSeerX doi:10.1257/0002828053828563. PMID 29120118.
  55. ^ Hurd, Michael (2008). "Retirement". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 130. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1431. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  56. ^ Weil, David N. (2008). "Population Ageing". The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 499. doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1307. ISBN 978-0-333-78676-5.
  57. ^ Clark, Robert Louis; Spengler, Joseph John (1998). The Economics of Individual and Population Aging. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-22883-1.[page needed]
  58. ^ Blanchet, Didier; Fleurbaey, Marc (2006). "Selfishness, altruism and normative principles in the economic analysis of social transfers". Handbook of the Economics of Giving, Altruism and Reciprocity. Vol. 2. p. 1465. doi:10.1016/S1574-0714(06)02024-0. ISBN 9780444521453.
  59. ^ Tomlinson, Sally (1985). "The Expansion of Special Education". Oxford Review of Education. 11 (2): 157–165. doi:10.1080/0305498850110203. JSTOR 1050498.
  60. ^ Bubolz, Margaret M.; Whiren, Alice P. (January 1984). "The Family of the Handicapped: An Ecological Model for Policy and Practice". Family Relations. 33 (1): 5–12. doi:10.2307/584584. JSTOR 584584.
  61. ^ Galor, Oded; Weil, David N. (June 1996). "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth". The American Economic Review. 86 (3): 374–87. JSTOR 2118202.
  62. ^ Jacobsen, Joyce P. (2008), "gender roles and division of labour", in Durlauf, Steven N.; Blume, Lawrence E. (eds.), The new Palgrave dictionary of economics (2nd ed.), Basingstoke, Hampshire New York: Palgrave Macmillan, p. 582, ISBN 9780333786765. Also available online.
  63. ^ Jacobsen, Joyce P. (2007). The economics of gender (3rd ed.). Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 9781405161824.
  64. ^ Sowell, Thomas (1975). Race and Economics. McKay.[page needed]
  65. ^ Sowell, Thomas (1995). Race and Culture: A World View. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-06797-8.
  66. ^ JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.
  67. ^ Labor and Demographic Economics: Demographic Economics, NBER Working Paper abstract links from the National Bureau of Economic Research.
  68. ^ Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka, 1996. Population Economics. MIT Press. Description &  chapter previews.
  69. ^ Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Stark, Oded (1997). "Introduction: Population and family economics". Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Vol. 1. p. 1. doi:10.1016/S1574-003X(97)80018-9. ISBN 9780444826459.
  70. ^ Search of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online, "population OR demography".
  71. ^ Of which a complete list for JEL: J with corresponding Wikipedia links is at JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.


  • John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman, ed. ([1987] 1989. Social Economics: The New Palgrave, pp. v-vi. Arrow-page searchable links to entries for:
"Ageing Populations," pp. 1-3, by Robert L. Clark
"Declining Population," pp. 10-15, by Robin Barlow
"Demographic Transition," pp. 16-23, by Ansley J. Coale
"Extended Family," pp. 58-63, by Oliva Harris
"Family," pp. 65-76, by Gary S. Becker
"Fertility," pp.77-89, by Richard A. Easterlin
"Gender," pp. 95-108, by Francine D. Blau
"Race and Economics," pp. 215-218, by H. Stanback
"Value of Life," pp.289-76, by Thomas C. Schelling
  • Nathan Keyfitz, 1987. "demography," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v. 1, pp. 796–802.
  • T. Paul Schultz, 1981. Economics of Population. Addison-Wesley. Book review.
  • John B. Shoven, ed., 2011. Demography and the Economy, University of Chicago Press. Scroll-down description[permanent dead link] and preview.
  • Julian L. Simon, 1977. The Economics of Population Growth. Princeton,
  • _____, [1981] 1996. The Ultimate Resource 2, rev. and expanded. Princeton. Description and preview links.
    • Dennis A. Ahlburg, 1998. "Julian Simon and the Population Growth Debate," Population and Development Review, 24(2), pp. 317-327.
    • M. Perlman, 1982. [Untitled review of Simon, 1977 & 1981], Population Studies, 36(3), pp. 490-494.
  • Julian L. Simon, ed., 1997. The Economics Of Population: Key Modern Writings. Description.[permanent dead link]
  • _____, ed., 1998. The Economics of Population: Classic Writings. Description and scroll to chapter-preview links.
  • Joseph J. Spengler 1951. "The Population Obstacle to Economic Betterment," American Economic Review, 41(2), pp. 343-354.
  • _____, 1966. "The Economist and the Population Question," American Economic Review, 56(1/2), pp. 1–24.


This page was last edited on 23 June 2022, at 22:16
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.