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Deming, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Deming, New Mexico
Official seal of Deming, New Mexico
Seal
Motto(s): 
"An Enterprise Community"
Location of Deming in New Mexico
Location of Deming in New Mexico
Deming, New Mexico is located in the United States
Deming, New Mexico
Deming, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°15′40″N 107°45′21″W / 32.26111°N 107.75583°W / 32.26111; -107.75583
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyLuna
Founded1881
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • MayorBenny Jasso
Area
 • Total16.70 sq mi (43.26 km2)
 • Land16.70 sq mi (43.26 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,335 ft (1,321 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total14,855
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
13,880
 • Density830.99/sq mi (320.84/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
88030-88031
Area code(s)575
FIPS code35-20270
GNIS feature ID0920584
Websitewww.cityofdeming.org
Looking north on Gold Street, 1950s
Looking north on Gold Street, 1950s

Deming (/ˈdɛmɪŋ/, DEM-ing) is a city in Luna County, New Mexico, United States, 60 miles (97 km) west of Las Cruces and 35 miles (56 km) north of the Mexican border. The population was 14,855 as of the 2010 census.[3] Deming is the county seat and principal community of Luna County.[4]

History

The city is within the Gadsden Purchase of 1853, which was acquired from Mexico specifically to provide a southern route for a railroad to connect the United States with California. Deming was founded in 1881 and incorporated in 1902, and is named after Mary Ann Deming Crocker, wife of Charles Crocker, one of the Big Four of the California railroad industry.[5] The Silver Spike was driven here on March 8, 1881 to commemorate the meeting of the Southern Pacific with the Rio Grande, Mexico and Pacific (a subsidiary of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe) railroads. This was the second transcontinental railroad to be completed in North America.[6]

Deming became an important port of entry near the US-Mexican border. A nickname was given to the city at the time of its founding, "New Chicago". It was expected that with the surge of railroad usage, that the city would grow drastically and resemble Chicago, Illinois.

There are numerous ancient Native American sites around Deming. The Mimbres and Casas Grandes cultures made pottery of remarkable quality, and the Deming area is rich in native pottery artifacts, as well as beads, stone implements, stone carvings, graves, etc. The artifacts are now on display at multiple museums.

Government

The city of Deming is governed by four elected council members and a mayor. The mayor is elected by popular vote rather than by the council. All officers serve four-year terms.

The mayor of Deming, since March 10, 2014, is Benny Jasso.

The city council consists of the following representatives from four districts:[7]

District 1 - David Sanchez
District 2 - Roxana Rincon
District 3 - Joe Milo
District 4 - Victor Cruz

Geography

Deming is north of the center of Luna County at 32°15′40″N 107°45′21″W / 32.26111°N 107.75583°W / 32.26111; -107.75583 (32.261137, −107.755857),[8] in the Basin and Range Province of North America. Interstate 10 runs through the north side of the city, leading east 60 miles (97 km) to Las Cruces and west the same distance to Lordsburg. U.S. Route 180 leads northwest from Deming 52 miles (84 km) to Silver City, while State Road 26 leads northeast 48 miles (77 km) to Hatch. State Road 11 leads south 32 miles (51 km) to Columbus and an additional 3 miles (5 km) to the Mexico–United States border at Puerto Palomas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Deming has a total area of 16.7 square miles (43.3 km2), all land.[9] The city is surrounded by land that appears flat, with wide rubble aprons around the nearby mountains and imperceptible grades in various directions.

The Mimbres River floods the Deming area once a decade or so,[citation needed] in periods of unusually heavy rainfall in the Cookes Range and Black Range to the north.

Deming and its surrounding area is underlain by an aquifer of good-quality water. The aquifer is slowly recharged primarily by water from the mountains to the north. The water usually has a high sulfur content.

In the late 1960s, Select Western Lands Inc. ran full-page advertisements for land in Deming in The Saturday Evening Post. The ads proclaimed "Your Own Ranchette Only $299, Only $5 a Month", for a half-acre. Up to 2 acres (0.81 ha) were offered, those for "$1196. Only $15 a month."

Climate

Deming is located within the Upper Chihuahuan Desert climate zone. The climate is dry, hot, and breezy. Summer temperatures often exceed 100 °F (38 °C), but the altitude (4,300 feet (1,300 m)) and dry air sometimes make summer days more comfortable than one would expect given the high temperature.[10]

Most precipitation occurs as thunderstorms and showers during the July–September monsoon period. Minor flooding sometimes occurs over large areas of flat ground. There are periods lasting from five to twenty years of relatively wet or dry years. Springtime is often windy, and dust storms can be severe, occasionally lasting for days. Snow is likely to fall in winter, but usually melts in a day or two. Temperatures in winter are sometimes below freezing at night, but winter days are generally mild and sunny.

Climate data for Deming, New Mexico (Elevation 4,300ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
86
(30)
91
(33)
99
(37)
105
(41)
109
(43)
110
(43)
109
(43)
104
(40)
98
(37)
92
(33)
82
(28)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 58.1
(14.5)
63.2
(17.3)
70.4
(21.3)
78.6
(25.9)
87.3
(30.7)
95.3
(35.2)
94.6
(34.8)
91.9
(33.3)
87.8
(31.0)
78.3
(25.7)
66.5
(19.2)
57.2
(14.0)
77.5
(25.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 42.6
(5.9)
46.8
(8.2)
52.8
(11.6)
60.1
(15.6)
69.8
(21.0)
77.1
(25.1)
79.5
(26.4)
77.5
(25.3)
72.1
(22.3)
61.6
(16.4)
49.8
(9.9)
42.2
(5.7)
61.0
(16.1)
Average low °F (°C) 27.1
(−2.7)
30.4
(−0.9)
35.2
(1.8)
41.6
(5.3)
50.2
(10.1)
59.0
(15.0)
64.3
(17.9)
63.1
(17.3)
56.4
(13.6)
45.0
(7.2)
33.2
(0.7)
27.3
(−2.6)
44.5
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
6
(−14)
7
(−14)
16
(−9)
23
(−5)
38
(3)
48
(9)
50
(10)
36
(2)
18
(−8)
6
(−14)
−2
(−19)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.53
(13)
0.60
(15)
0.32
(8.1)
0.34
(8.6)
0.25
(6.4)
0.53
(13)
1.99
(51)
2.00
(51)
1.17
(30)
0.94
(24)
0.67
(17)
0.90
(23)
10.24
(260)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.2
(3.0)
0.9
(2.3)
0.3
(0.76)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.0
(2.5)
3.6
(9.1)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,864
19203,21272.3%
19303,3775.1%
19403,6086.8%
19505,67257.2%
19605,7641.6%
19708,34344.7%
19809,96419.4%
199010,97010.1%
200014,11628.7%
201014,8555.2%
2019 (est.)13,880[2]−6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 14,116 people, 5,267 households, and 3,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,512.0 people per square mile (583.5/km2). There were 6,192 housing units at an average density of 663.2 per square mile (256.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.66% White, 1.37% Native American, 1.23% African American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 24.19% from other races, and 3.07% from two or more races. 64.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,267 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city, the population was: 30.9% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,081, and the median income for a family was $23,030. Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $16,462 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,943. About 28.5% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.4% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Deming's economy is based on transportation, real estate, agriculture, energy, retirement, tourism, and the United States Department of Homeland Security. United States Border Patrol vehicles comprise a large fraction of Deming area road traffic.[citation needed]

Deming is the only major stop on Interstate 10 between Lordsburg, 60 miles (97 km) west, and Las Cruces, 60 miles (97 km) east. Deming is also the closest major town to Silver City, 50 miles (80 km) north, and it provides access to the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, via the village of Columbus, 30 miles (48 km) to the south. Deming also sits astride one of the major railroad lines linking the East Coast with the West Coast, via the Southern Route.

In 2006, the city's role in American homeland security expanded. Deming's industrial park became the home of a Border Patrol training center, a 10-acre (4.0 ha) forward operating base named Border Wolf that supported Operation Jump Start.[14] These temporary buildings at the airport have since been disassembled and removed.

In popular culture

Literature

Movies and television

The old Deming train depot in 1983
The old Deming train depot in 1983

Since 1953, several motion pictures have been filmed in Deming:

Transportation

Airports

Major highways

Railroads

Attractions

Deming Luna Mimbres Museum
Deming Luna Mimbres Museum

The Deming Luna Mimbres museum, housed in the historic Deming Armory (1916) and Customs House, features an important collection of Mimbres Indian painted pottery, historic period-furnished rooms in the Seaman Fields House, an antique auto collection, a restored Harvey House restaurant, a doll collection, and a geological section.[17][18]

Nearby are City of Rocks State Park, with volcanic rock formations,[19] and Rockhound State Park, offering mineral and rock collecting.[20]

The Great American Duck Race is held every year on the third weekend of August. It features wet and dry duck race tracks, a hot air balloon show, a Tournament of Ducks Parade, a carnival, and a variety of vendors setting up their wares in the Courthouse Square and surrounding property.[21][22]

Deming has two wineries. St. Clair Winery is New Mexico's largest winery.[23] The Luna Rossa Winery is a local estate winery that produces all of its wines with varieties grown on their own vineyards.

Education

Residents attend schools in the Deming Public Schools.

"Navajo Frank" lynching, Deming in 1882
"Navajo Frank" lynching, Deming in 1882

Notable people

Police controversy

On January 2, 2013, Deming officers Bobby Orosco and Robert Chavez pulled over David W. Eckert for a rolling stop.[24] Based on claim of "clenched buttocks", police obtained a search warrant and executed multiple cavity searches, surgeries and several other medical procedures on the driver.[25] No drugs were found, and the driver was sent a bill for the procedures performed by Gila Regional Medical Center in Silver City.[26][27] In January 2014, the lawsuit with Luna County and the city of Deming was settled for a total of $1.6 million.[28]

Footnotes

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Deming city, New Mexico". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Pearce, T.M. ed.,’’New Mexico Place Names: A Geographical Dictionary’’, UNM Press 1965, ISBN 0-8263-0082-0
  6. ^ Myrick, David, ‘’New Mexico’s Railroads, A Historic Survey’’, University of New Mexico Press 1990. ISBN 0-8263-1185-7
  7. ^ "City of Deming Government Directory". Retrieved 2017-05-18.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "U.S. Gazetteer Files: 2019: Places: New Mexico". U.S. Census Bureau Geography Division. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  10. ^ "Deming, New Mexico". Archived from the original on 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  11. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ Concept Perfected in Iraq, Afghanistan Used Along U.S. Border, an American Forces Press Service press release
  15. ^ McCarthy, Cormac. The Crossing, Chapter IV. p. 2.
  16. ^ IMDb.com, IMDb Movies filmed that reference Deming
  17. ^ "Deming, New Mexico". Archived from the original on 2008-01-07. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  18. ^ Welcome to Old West County: Deming Customs House
  19. ^ City Of Rocks State Park
  20. ^ Rock Hound State Park
  21. ^ "Waddling warriors: Deming's annual ducks races get under way this weekend". Las Cruces Sun-News. 2008-08-17.
  22. ^ "The Great American Duck Race". Great American Duck Race of Deming, Inc. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  23. ^ Heald, Eleanor; Heald, Ray (March 4, 2008). "Bringing the people to the wine: How New Mexico connects wines, tourism and its unique cuisine". Appellation America Inc. Online Wine Portal. Appellation America Inc. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
  24. ^ "We Uncovered a Major Claim by the Cops in the New Mexico".
  25. ^ Kerr, Orin (November 7, 2013). "A Preliminary Legal Analysis of Eckert v. City of Deming, the "Clenched Buttocks" Case". The Volokh Conspiracy.
  26. ^ Chris Ramirez (November 4, 2013). "Traffic stop nightmare". KOB-TV. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  27. ^ Steven Nelson (November 5, 2013). "Man Seeks Millions After N.M. Police Force Colonoscopy in Drug Search". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  28. ^ Russell Contreras (2014-01-16). "David Eckert, N.M. Man Given Enemas Over Non-Existent Drugs, Settles Suit With City And County". Huff Post. Retrieved 2014-01-17.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 April 2021, at 02:55
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