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Deerfield, New Hampshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Deerfield, New Hampshire
Soldier's Memorial and Library
Soldier's Memorial and Library
Official seal of Deerfield, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°08′46″N 71°12′59″W / 43.14611°N 71.21639°W / 43.14611; -71.21639
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyRockingham
Incorporated1766
VillagesDeerfield
Deerfield Center
Deerfield Parade
South Deerfield
Government
 • Board of SelectmenR. Andrew Robertson, Chair
Richard W. Pitman
Cindy McHugh
Frederick J. McGarry
Alden Dill
 • Town AdministratorJohn Harrington Jr.
Area
 • Total52.3 sq mi (135.4 km2)
 • Land50.9 sq mi (131.9 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)  2.58%
Elevation
515 ft (157 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,855
 • Density93/sq mi (36/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03037
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-17460
GNIS feature ID0873576
Websitewww.townofdeerfieldnh.com

Deerfield is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,855 at the 2020 census.[1] Deerfield is the location of the annual Deerfield Fair.

History

Deerfield was originally part of Nottingham. In 1756, residents petitioned for organization of a separate parish, but were denied. In 1765, while a second petition was pending, two local hunters presented Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth with a deer. Permission was granted, and "Deerfield" was incorporated in 1766. The incorporation act for Deerfield was signed by three members of the Leavitt family, including Capt. Samuel who later was one of the town's first selectmen. Leavitts Hill in Deerfield was named for the family, who first settled in nearby Exeter.[2]

"Deerfield Parade", a hilltop district first settled about 1740, was located on the early postal route between Concord and Portsmouth. Here, the militia of the Revolutionary and Civil wars trained and "paraded" on the village common. The "Parade" was then a professional, cultural and trade center. About 1798, citizens founded Deerfield Academy, a high school. It burned in 1842.

Once a thriving farm community which was disappointed when bypassed by railroads, the town in 1876 established the Deerfield Fair. Now billed as "New England's Oldest Family Fair", the four-day event draws huge crowds each autumn to admire animals, produce and crafts, or to enjoy amusement park rides.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.3 square miles (135 km2), of which 50.9 sq mi (132 km2) is land and 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2) is water, comprising 2.58% of the town. The highest point is the summit of Nottingham Mountain, at 1,345 feet (410 m) above sea level, near the town's western border. Portions of the Pawtuckaway Mountains occupy the eastern border of the town. Deerfield is primarily drained by the Lamprey and North Branch rivers, within the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed, while the western edge and northernmost section of town is in the Merrimack River watershed.[3]

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,619
18001,87816.0%
18101,851−1.4%
18202,13315.2%
18302,086−2.2%
18401,953−6.4%
18502,0223.5%
18602,0662.2%
18701,768−14.4%
18801,569−11.3%
18901,220−22.2%
19001,162−4.8%
1910917−21.1%
1920746−18.6%
1930635−14.9%
194074918.0%
1950706−5.7%
19607141.1%
19701,17865.0%
19801,97968.0%
19903,12457.9%
20003,67817.7%
20104,28016.4%
20204,85513.4%
2017 (est.)4,475[4]4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
Church in the town center
Church in the town center

At the 2020 census,[6] there were 4,855 people, 1,225 households and 986 families residing in the town. The population density was 72.2 per square mile (27.9/km2). There were 1,406 housing units at an average density of 27.6 per square mile (10.7/km2). The racial make-up was 98.53% White, 0.16% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.22% from other races and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.

There were 1,225 households, of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.27.

Age distribution was 30.0% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median household income was $61,367 and the median family income was $64,737. Males had a median income of $40,568 and females $30,682. The per capita income was $24,160. About 1.3% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Two New Hampshire State Routes cross Deerfield.

  • NH 43 connects Candia in the south and Northwood in the north. It follows Old Candia Road, S Road, Stage Road, Raymond Road, North Road, and Mountain View Road, and has a concurrency with NH 107 along Raymond and North Roads.
  • NH 107 connects Raymond in the south and Epsom in the north. It follows Raymond Road and North Road, and has a concurrency with NH 43 through the central part of town.

Education

There is one public school in Deerfield, the Deerfield Community School on North Road, which serves students in grades P-8. The current[when?] principal is Kristen Withee. Deerfield Community School was opened in 1990 and replaced the George B. White School. The George B. White Building is now commercial space and houses, among other things, the town offices and the police department. Deerfield students have attended various local high schools over the years, as there is no high school in the town. Starting with the DCS graduating class of 1995, the town has sent students graduating from Deerfield Community School to Concord High School. Other options have included Coe-Brown Northwood Academy in Northwood, Central High School in Manchester, West High School in Manchester, Pembroke Academy in Pembroke, and Oyster River High School in Durham. The students graduating from Deerfield community school still continue to go to Concord high unless given opportunities to go to other schools.

Notable organizations

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census website, 2020 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ History of Deerfield, History of Rockingham and Strafford Counties, D. Hamilton Hurd, 1882
    - Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire, Ezra Scollay Stearns, 1908
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "BUTLER, Benjamin Franklin, (1818 - 1893)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  8. ^ "Term: Harvey, Lorenzo Dow 1848 - 1922". Wisconsin Historical Society. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2013.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 August 2021, at 12:38
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