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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Statue of Élie Decazes
Statue of Élie Decazes
Coat of arms of Decazeville
Location of Decazeville
Decazeville is located in France
Decazeville is located in Occitanie
Coordinates: 44°33′35″N 2°15′23″E / 44.5597°N 2.2564°E / 44.5597; 2.2564
CantonLot et Dourdou
 • Mayor (2020–2026) François Marty[1]
13.88 km2 (5.36 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2020)[2]
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
12089 /12300
Elevation163–454 m (535–1,490 ft)
(avg. 225 m or 738 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Decazeville (Occitan: La Sala) is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

The commune was created in the 19th century because of the Industrial Revolution and was named after the Duke of Decazes (1780–1860), the founder of the factory that created the town. Viviez-Decazeville station has rail connections to Brive-la-Gaillarde, Figeac and Rodez.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/4
    10 819
    14 918
    18 006
    2 194
  • Clip Promotionnel de la Ville de Decazeville (Aveyron)
  • 2 DECAZEVILLE Aveyron Deuxième partie Les usines et les mines
  • 1 DECAZEVILLE Aveyron Hier et Aujourd'hui Première partie
  • Bienvenue à Decazeville ! - Office de Tourisme



The town is built on coal. La Salle (the former name) produced coal since the 16th century. It was exported in small quantities to Bordeaux.

Louis XIV and his successors gave mines to their mistresses. The Duke of Decazes inherited such mines. In 1826 he created, with the help of a technician named Cabrol, the "Houillères et Fonderies de l'Aveyron" (Mines and Foundries of Aveyron) which developed to make this small village a center of ironworking and industry.

Under Napoléon III, the city took the name of Decazeville. A statue of Decazes dressed in a Roman toga was erected.

The high point of iron production was reached early in the 20th century, when some 9000 employees produced 1 million tons of steel. Production decreased after changes in the industry that shifted many jobs offshore. A noted strike of mine workers occurred from 1961 to 1962. Some 1500 miners spent 66 days in the mines from 23 December 1961 to 26 February 1962. The last mines closed in June 2001.

Although Decazeville felt the full brunt of the decline in the mining industry, the town has diversified its economy. It now has metallurgy, woodworking, metal fabrication, and production of steel tubing.

The town has a geological museum named after Pierre Vetter, its founder. It is dedicated to coal strata. The open-pit mine La Découverte is open to the public.

The modern church of Notre-Dame has a celebrated painting of the Way of the Cross by Gustave Moreau.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1836 2,715—    
1841 4,154+8.88%
1846 6,323+8.77%
1851 5,938−1.25%
1856 8,842+8.29%
1861 8,620−0.51%
1866 7,106−3.79%
1872 8,710+3.45%
1876 9,547+2.32%
1881 9,625+0.16%
1886 10,702+2.14%
1891 8,871−3.68%
1896 9,634+1.66%
1901 11,536+3.67%
1906 12,961+2.36%
1911 14,144+1.76%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1921 14,089−0.04%
1926 14,261+0.24%
1931 15,210+1.30%
1936 12,365−4.06%
1946 12,138−0.19%
1954 11,510−0.66%
1962 11,855+0.37%
1968 10,532−1.95%
1975 10,231−0.41%
1982 8,804−2.12%
1990 7,754−1.57%
1999 6,805−1.44%
2007 6,203−1.15%
2012 5,935−0.88%
2017 5,360−2.02%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Twin towns — sister cities

Decazeville is twinned with:


  • Élie Decazes (1780–1860), founder of the town and president of ministers under Louis XVIII.
  • Henri Agel (1911–2008), cinema critic and philosopher who died in Decazeville.
  • Lilian Bathelot (born 1959), novelist who spent his childhood in Decazeville.
  • Jean-Claude Berejnoï (born in 1939), rugby player born in Decazeville.
  • François Gracchus Cabrol (1793–1882), captain in the Napleonic army at 21, director of the mining enterprise. Buried in Decazeville.
  • Emma Calvé (born 1858), singer born in Decazeville.
  • Maurice Frot (1928–2004), writer.
  • Serge Mesonès (1948–2001), footballer
  • Jacques Monfrin (1924–1998), philologist born in Decazeville.
  • Paul Ramadier, mayor of Decazeville from 1919 to 1959, governor of Aveyron, and minister.
  • Jean-Pierre Timbaud (1904–1941), World War II Resistance fighter worked briefly in the mines as a child.

See also


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 9 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Decazeville, EHESS (in French).
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

This page was last edited on 1 August 2023, at 05:06
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