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De Soto, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

De Soto, Illinois
Location of De Soto in Jackson County, Illinois
Location of De Soto in Jackson County, Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°48′56″N 89°13′41″W / 37.81556°N 89.22806°W / 37.81556; -89.22806
CountryUnited States
TownshipDe Soto
 • Total0.92 sq mi (2.39 km2)
 • Land0.91 sq mi (2.36 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
 • Total1,590
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,646.93/sq mi (635.69/km2)
Demonym(s)De Soto Rat
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-19616
Wikimedia CommonsDe Soto, Illinois

De Soto is a village in Jackson County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,590 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 1,653 at the 2000 census. It is named for Hernando de Soto, the discoverer of the Mississippi River.[4]

De Soto was largely destroyed by the Great Tri-State Tornado of 1925. 69 people died in De Soto when approximately 30% of the town was destroyed, and of this total 33 were children at a local school that collapsed from the winds. The tornado affected Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 and injuring over 2,000.


De Soto is located in northeastern Jackson County at 37°48′56″N 89°13′41″W / 37.815660°N 89.228184°W / 37.815660; -89.228184.[5] U.S. Route 51 passes through the center of the village, leading north 13 miles (21 km) to Du Quoin and south 6 miles (10 km) to Carbondale. Illinois Route 149 crosses US-51 in the village center, leading southwest 7 miles (11 km) to Murphysboro, the Jackson county seat, and east 5 miles (8 km) to Hurst.

According to the 2010 census, De Soto has a total area of 0.922 square miles (2.39 km2), of which 0.91 square miles (2.36 km2) (or 98.7%) is land and 0.012 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 1.3%) is water.[6] The Big Muddy River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, flows to the east and south of the village limits.


De Soto was laid out in 1854 when the railroad was extended to that point.[7] The village's name honors Hernando de Soto (c. 1496/1497–1542), a Spanish conquistador who explored the region in 1541-2.[8] A post office has been in operation at De Soto since 1855.[9]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20191,502[2]−5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,653 people, 673 households, and 444 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,752.4 people per square mile (679.0/km2). There were 726 housing units at an average density of 769.7 per square mile (298.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.58% White, 0.73% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.

There were 673 households, out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $31,563, and the median income for a family was $34,929. Males had a median income of $30,400 versus $22,632 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,526. About 10.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): De Soto village, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 105.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  7. ^ "History". Village of De Soto, IL. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  8. ^ Callary, Edward (29 September 2008). Place Names of Illinois. University of Illinois Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-252-09070-7.
  9. ^ "Jackson County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 11 September 2005. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links

This page was last edited on 18 August 2020, at 17:31
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