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Davis Hanson Waite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Davis Hanson Waite
Davis Hanson Waite.gif
8th Governor of Colorado
In office
January 10, 1893 – January 8, 1895
LieutenantDavid Hopkinson Nichols
Preceded byJohn L. Routt
Succeeded byAlbert W. McIntire
Personal details
Born(1825-04-09)April 9, 1825
Jamestown, New York
DiedNovember 27, 1901(1901-11-27) (aged 76)
Aspen, Colorado
Political partyPopulist

Davis Hanson Waite (April 9, 1825 – November 27, 1901) was an American politician. He was a member of the Populist Party, and he served as the eighth Governor of Colorado from 1893 to 1895.[1]

Biography

Early years

Davis Hanson Waite was born April 9, 1825 in Jamestown, New York to Joseph Waite and Olive Davis Waite.[2] He studied law and graduated from Jamestown Academy. In 1851 he married Frances Eliza Russell and together they had two children, Austin and Josephine.[3] Waite served in the state legislatures of Wisconsin in 1857,[4] and Kansas in 1879.[5]

Waite and his family moved to Leadville, Colorado, in 1879 to practice law.[6] After his wife Frances died in November 1880, he moved to Aspen. In Aspen he started the local newspaper and was secretary of the local assembly of the Knights of Labor. He remarried to Celia O. Maltby (née Crane) on January 8, 1885. They had one son, Frank Hanson Waite.[3]

Political career

Waite had been elected to the Wisconsin Legislature as a Republican and had run a Republican newspaper in New York. In Colorado he edited the Union Era, a reform paper, and helped to organized the People's Party (Populists) national convention.[3] In 1892 he was nominated as the Populist candidate for Governor of Colorado and he was inaugurated on January 10, 1893. A passionate supporter of the Populist's Omaha Platform, he was nicknamed "Bloody Bridles" for an 1893 speech, in which he proclaimed, "It is better, infinitely better that blood should flow to the horses' bridles rather than our national liberties should be destroyed."[7]

His election coincided with the Panic of 1893 which hit the silver mining industry in Colorado particularly hard. In 1894, the Western Federation of Miners went on a five-month strike and Waite intervened on behalf of the union, ordering the deployment of the state militia to support and protect the miners.[8] That same year Waite supported the American Railroad Union during the national Pullman Strike. As governor he was also instrumental in the passage of women's suffrage in Colorado, the second state to do so.[9]

1894 Denver "City Hall War"

In 1893, a new municipal charter was given to Denver by the state legislature that decentralized much of the mayor's powers into six different administrative departments, two of which were elected, two appointed by the mayor, and the remaining two appointed by the governor. The municipal board members appointed by the governor had complete financial control over the police, fire, and excise departments.

Governor Waite tried to overturn the corruption in Denver in 1894 by removing police and fire commissioners that he thought were shielding gamblers and prostitutes. The officials refused to leave their positions and were quickly joined by others who felt their jobs were threatened. They barricaded themselves in City Hall, and the state militia were sent to remove them. Federal troops were called in from nearby Fort Logan to intervene and quell the civil strife. Eventually Governor Waite agreed to withdraw the militia and allow the state Supreme Court to decide the case. The court ruled that the governor had authority to replace the commissioners, but he was reprimanded for bringing in the militia, in what became known as the "City Hall War".[10]

He was defeated for reelection in 1894, but continued to be active in the Populist movement until his death in 1901.

Death and legacy

Waite died on November 27, 1901 while preparing Thanksgiving dinner at his home in Aspen. His house on West Francis Street in Aspen has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum (ed.), "Davis Hanson Waite," The Political Graveyard, www.politicalgraveyard.com/
  2. ^ Colorado Governor Davis Hanson Waite
  3. ^ a b c Ancestors of Gov. Davis Hanson Waite
  4. ^ Members of the Wisconsin Legislature, 1848-1999. Archived December 9, 2006, at the Wayback Machine Madison, WI: State of Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, September 1999.
  5. ^ Kansas State Library. Kansas Legislators Past and Present.
  6. ^ Governor Davis H. Waite Collection," Colorado State Archives, 9 cubic feet, bulk 1893–1895.
  7. ^ Lawrence Goodwin, The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978; pg. 185.
  8. ^ Holbrook, Stewart. The Rocky Mountain Revolution. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1956.
  9. ^ a b National Register of Historic Places Inventory — Nomination Form: David Waite House
  10. ^ King, Clyde Lyndon (1911). The history of the government of Denver with special reference to its relations with public service corporations. Denver, Colorado: The Fisher Book Company.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further reading

  • David B. Griffiths, "Far-Western Populist Thought: A Comparative Study of John R. Rogers and Davis H. Waite," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 60, no. 4 (Oct. 1969), pp. 183–192. In JSTOR.

External links

Party political offices
First Populist nominee for Governor of Colorado
1892, 1894
Succeeded by
Morton Shelley Bailey
Political offices
Preceded by
John Long Routt
Governor of Colorado
1893–1895
Succeeded by
Albert Washington McIntire
This page was last edited on 18 June 2020, at 03:42
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