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David O. Selznick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David O. Selznick
Selznick, c. 1934
David Selznick

(1902-05-10)May 10, 1902
DiedJune 22, 1965(1965-06-22) (aged 63)
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California
Other namesOliver Jeffries[1]
  • Film producer
  • screenwriter
  • film studio executive
Years active1923–1957
Political partyRepublican
(m. 1930; div. 1949)
(m. 1949)
Parent(s)Lewis J. Selznick
Florence Sachs
RelativesMyron Selznick (brother)

David O. Selznick (born David Selznick: May 10, 1902 – June 22, 1965) was an American film producer, screenwriter and film studio executive[2] who produced Gone with the Wind (1939) and Rebecca (1940), both of which earned him an Academy Award for Best Picture. He also won the Irving Thalberg Award at the 12th Academy Awards, Hollywood's top honor for a producer, in recognition of his shepherding Gone with the Wind through a long and troubled production and into a record-breaking blockbuster.

The son and son-in-law of movie moguls Lewis J. Selznick and Louis B. Mayer, Selznick served as head of production at R.K.O. Radio Pictures and went on to become one of the first independent movie producers. His first wife was Mayer's daughter Irene Selznick, who became a highly successful Broadway producer after their divorce, and his second wife was Oscar-winning actress Jennifer Jones.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • David O. Selznick lived here
  • The Secret Gay Love Affair Behind Alfred Hitchcock's Rope
  • I'll Be Seeing You 1944 | Full Classic Film


Early life

Selznick was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the son of Florence Anna (née Sachs) and Lewis J. Selznick, a silent movie producer and distributor of Jewish origin.[3] His father was born in the Russian Empire in 1870.[4]

David had three siblings, including his brother Myron, also a film producer and later a talent agent. David Selznick added the "O" to distinguish himself from an uncle with the same name, and because he thought it had flair.[5] The "O" stands for nothing, and he never had his name legally changed to incorporate it.[6]

He studied at Columbia University in New York City and started training as an apprentice for his father[7] until the elder's bankruptcy in 1923. In 1926, Selznick moved to Hollywood,[7] and with the help of his father's connections, he gained a job as an assistant story editor at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He left MGM for Paramount Pictures in 1928, where he worked until 1931. While at Paramount he married Irene Gladys Mayer, daughter of MGM mogul Louis B. Mayer.

Stint at RKO

David Sarnoff, head of RKO, hired Selznick as Head of Production in October 1931.[8] In addition to implementing rigorous cost-control measures, Selznick championed the unit production system, which gave the producers of individual movies much greater independence than they had under the prevailing central producer system. "Under the factory system of production you rob the director of his individualism", said Selznick, "and this being a creative industry that is harmful to the quality of the product made."[9] Instituting unit production, he predicted, would also result in cost savings of 30–40 percent.[9]

To make films under the new system, Selznick recruited prize behind-the-camera personnel, such as director George Cukor and producer/director Merian C. Cooper, and gave producer Pandro S. Berman, aged twenty-six, increasingly important projects.[10] Selznick discovered and signed a young actress who was quickly counted as one of the studio's big stars, Katharine Hepburn. John Barrymore was also enlisted for a few memorable performances.[11]

Selznick spent a mere fifteen months as RKO production chief, resigning over a dispute with new corporate president Merlin Aylesworth concerning creative control.[12] One of his last acts at RKO was to approve a screen test for a thirty-three-year-old, balding Broadway song-and-dance man named Fred Astaire.[13] In a memo, Selznick wrote, "I feel, in spite of his enormous ears and bad chin line, that his charm is ... tremendous".[14]

Selznick's tenure was widely considered masterful: In 1931, before he arrived, the studio had produced forty-two features for $16 million in total budgets. In 1932, under Selznick, forty-one features were made for $10.2 million, with clear improvement in quality and popularity.[15] He backed several major successes, including A Bill of Divorcement (1932), with Cukor directing Hepburn's debut, and the monumental King Kong (1933)—largely Merian Cooper's brainchild, brought to life by the astonishing special effects work of Willis O'Brien.[16]

Return to MGM

In 1933 he returned to MGM where his father-in-law, Louis B. Mayer, was studio CEO. Mayer established a second prestige production unit for Selznick, parallel to that of Irving Thalberg, who was in poor health. Selznick's unit output included the all-star cast movie Dinner at Eight (1933), David Copperfield (1935), Anna Karenina (1935), and A Tale of Two Cities (1935).

Greta Garbo's contract with MGM supposedly provided that only Selznick or Thalberg could produce her pictures for the studio. When Selznick later announced his departure from MGM, Garbo asked him to stay, offering to allow him the exclusive right to produce her films.[17] Selznick declined the offer.

Selznick International Pictures

Selznick longed to be an independent producer with his own studio. In 1935 he realized that goal by leasing RKO's Culver City studios and back lot, forming Selznick International Pictures, and distributing his films through United Artists. His successes continued with classics such as The Garden of Allah (1936), The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), A Star Is Born (1937), Nothing Sacred (1937), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1938), The Young in Heart (1938), Made for Each Other (1939), Intermezzo (1939) and Gone with the Wind (1939), which remains the highest-grossing film of all time (adjusted for inflation).[7] Gone with the Wind won eight Oscars and two special awards. Selznick also won the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award that same year.

The following year he produced his second Best Picture Oscar winner, Rebecca (1940), the first Hollywood production of British director Alfred Hitchcock. Selznick had brought Hitchcock over from England, launching the director's American career. Rebecca was Hitchcock's only film to win Best Picture.

Later productions

After Rebecca, Selznick closed Selznick International Pictures and took some time off. His business activities included the loan of his contracted artists to other studios, including Alfred Hitchcock, Ingrid Bergman, Vivien Leigh and Joan Fontaine. He formed The Selznick Studio and returned to producing pictures with Since You Went Away (1944), which he also wrote. He followed that with the Hitchcock films Spellbound (1945) and The Paradine Case (1947), as well as Portrait of Jennie (1948) with Jennifer Jones.

He also developed film projects and sold the packages to other producers. Among the movies that he developed but then sold was Hitchcock's Notorious (1946). In 1949 he co-produced the Carol Reed picture The Third Man with Alexander Korda.

Gone with the Wind overshadowed the rest of Selznick's career. Later, he was convinced that he had wasted his life trying to outdo it. A major effort to was Duel in the Sun (1946), which featured future wife Jennifer Jones in the role of the primary character Pearl. With a huge budget, the film is known for causing moral upheaval[citation needed] because of the then risqué script written by Selznick. And though it was a troublesome shoot with a number of directors, the film would be a major success. The film was the second highest-grossing film of 1947 and was the first movie that Martin Scorsese saw, inspiring Scorsese's own directorial career.[citation needed]

"I stopped making films in 1948 because I was tired," Selznick later wrote. "I had been producing, at the time, for twenty years....Additionally it was crystal clear that the motion-picture business was in for a terrible beating from television and other new forms of entertainment, and I thought it a good time to take stock and to study objectively the obviously changing public tastes....Certainly I had no intention of staying away from production for nine years."[18] Selznick spent most of the 1950s nurturing the career of his second wife, Jennifer Jones. His last film, the big budget production A Farewell to Arms (1957) starring Jones and Rock Hudson, was ill-received. But in 1954, he ventured into television, producing a two-hour extravaganza called Light's Diamond Jubilee, which, in true Selznick fashion, made TV history by being telecast simultaneously[citation needed] on all four TV networks: CBS, NBC, ABC, and DuMont.

Personal life

Jennifer Jones and Selznick in Los Angeles, 1957

In 1928, Selznick began an on-again off-again affair with Jean Arthur,[19] one of the actresses under contract at Paramount while he was an executive there. Simultaneously he was dating Irene Gladys Mayer, daughter of MGM mogul Louis B. Mayer.

In 1930, Selznick married Mayer and after living in a series of rented houses they moved into an estate in Beverly Hills, California. It was purchased for them by Mayer's father and designed by architect Roland Coate in 1933–1934.[20] They separated in 1945 and divorced in 1948.[21] They had two sons, Jeffrey Selznick (1932–1997) and Daniel Selznick (born 1936).

In 1949, he married actress Jennifer Jones, whom he had discovered early in her career and mentored. They had one daughter, Mary Jennifer Selznick (1954–1976), who died by suicide by jumping from a 22nd-floor window in Los Angeles on May 11, 1976.[22]

Selznick was an amphetamine user, and often dictated long, rambling memos to his directors, writers, investors, staff and stars.[23] The documentary Shadowing The Third Man relates that Selznick introduced The Third Man director Carol Reed to the use of amphetamines, which allowed Reed to bring the picture in below budget and on schedule by filming nearly 22 hours at a time.

Selznick was a Republican. On October 18, 1944, the Hollywood Committee, led by Selznick and Cecil B. DeMille, held the Hollywood for Dewey Rally in the Los Angeles Coliseum in support of the Dewey-Bricker ticket, as well as Governor Earl Warren of California, who was Dewey's running mate in 1948.[24] The gathering drew 93,000, with Lionel Barrymore as the master of ceremonies and short speeches by Hedda Hopper and Walt Disney.

Selznick International Pictures employee Anita Colby warned Shirley Temple to be careful if she “found Selznick in stockings.” Temple wrote in her autobiography Child Star that this gave her “the impression that casual sex could be a condition of employment” with Selznick. When she was 17, he locked Temple in his office and unsuccessfully attempted to rape her. About the incident Temple wrote:

“Coming around my side of the desk, he reached and took my hand in his. Glancing down, I saw the telltale stocking feet. Pulling free, I turned for the door, but even more quickly he reached back over the edge of his desk and flicked a switch I had learned from Colby was a remote door-locking device. I was trapped. Like the cartoon of wolf and piglet, once again we circled and reversed directions around his furniture. Blessed with the agility of a young dancer and confronted by an amorous but overweight producer, I had little difficulty avoiding passionate clumsiness.“

Portrayals in Film & Television

Jonathan Shields, the lead character in the 1952 film The Bad and the Beautiful, was loosely based on Selznick, to the point that Selznick contemplated suing the makers of the film for defamation.[25]

Tony Curtis plays Selznick in the 1980 TV movie The Scarlett O'Hara War.

Ron Berglas appears as Selznick in the TV movie RKO 281 (1999).[26] Toby Leonard Moore plays Selznick in the 2020 film Mank.[27] Both films are dramatizations of the events surrounding the making of Citizen Kane.

Selznick appears as a character in the second season of the anthology series Feud, Capote vs. The Swans.[28] He is portrayed by actor Scott Zimmerman.


Crypt of Selznick, in the Great Mausoleum, Forest Lawn Glendale

Selznick died on June 22, 1965, at age 63 following several heart attacks, and was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. There he joined his older brother Myron Selznick (who had died in 1944) in the family crypt.

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, David O. Selznick has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Blvd in front of the historic Hollywood Roosevelt hotel.


Academy Awards and nominations

Year Award Title of work Result
1934 Outstanding Production Viva Villa! Nominated
1935 Outstanding Production David Copperfield Nominated
1936 Outstanding Production A Tale of Two Cities Nominated
1937 Outstanding Production A Star Is Born Nominated
1939 Outstanding Production Gone with the Wind Won
1938 Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Nominated
1939 Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Won
1940 Outstanding Production Rebecca Won
1944 Best Motion Picture Since You Went Away Nominated
1945 Best Motion Picture Spellbound Nominated


  1. ^ Sragow, Michael (2013). Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master. University Press of Kentucky. p. 220. ISBN 9780813144436.
  2. ^ "About David O. Selznick", PBS, April 16, 2005.
  3. ^ Lambert, Gavin (1976) [1973]. GWTW: The Making of Gone With the Wind (mass market paperback ed.). New York: Bantam Books. pp. 2–7.
  4. ^ "David H. Selznick 1930 Census".
  5. ^ Selznick, David O. (2000). Behlmer, Rudy (ed.). Memo from David O. Selznick. New York: Modern Library. p. 3. ISBN 0-375-75531-4.
  6. ^ Hitchcock's Magic. University of Wales Press. 2011. p. 178.
  7. ^ a b c "David O. Selznick". Britannica. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  8. ^ Lasky, Betty (1989). RKO: The Biggest Little Major of Them All. Santa Monica, Calif.: Roundtable. ISBN 0-915677-41-5, pp. 67–70.
  9. ^ a b Bordwell, David, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson (1985). The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-06054-8, p. 321.
  10. ^ Lasky (1989), pp. 74–76; Jewell, Richard B. (1982). The RKO Story. New York: Arlington House/Crown. ISBN 0-517-54656-6, p. 17.
  11. ^ Lasky (1989), pp. 77–80, 93.
  12. ^ Schatz, Thomas (1998 [1989]). The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19596-2, pp. 131–33; Lasky (1989), pp. 81–82.
  13. ^ Schatz (1998), p. 133; Lasky (1989), p. 83.
  14. ^ Mueller, John (1986). Astaire Dancing: The Musical Films. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0-241-11749-6, p. 7.
  15. ^ Schatz (1998), p. 131.
  16. ^ Lasky (1989), pp. 78–79, 93–95; Jewell (1982), pp. 52, 60.
  17. ^ Memo from David O. Selznick, p. 97.
  18. ^ Memo from David O. Selznick, p. 423.
  19. ^ Actress Jean Arthur's A Mystery Woamn No Longer Chicago Tribune. November 3, 1997.
  20. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database: David O. Selznick House, Beverly Hills, CA
  21. ^ "Mrs. D. O. Selznick Wins Decree", The New York Times, January 10, 1948, p. 11
  22. ^ Kirk, Christina (June 6, 1976). "Tragic curse haunts film star Jennifer Jones". San Antonio Express. San Antonio, Texas – via Open access icon
  23. ^ Selznick, David O. (2000). Memo From David O. Selznick. Random House Publishing. ISBN 0375755314.
  24. ^ Critchlow, Donald T. (2013-10-21). When Hollywood Was Right: How Movie Stars, Studio Moguls, and Big Business Remade American Politics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107650282.
  25. ^ Miller, Frank (2016). "Behind the Camera on The Bad and the Beautiful". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
  26. ^ "RKO 281 | Rotten Tomatoes". 2021-02-24. Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  27. ^ "Watch MANK | Netflix Official Site". Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  28. ^ Leeds, Sarene (2024-01-31). "How Feud's Capote, His Swans, and His Demons Compare to Real Life". Vulture. Retrieved 2024-02-01.


  • Bordwell, David, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson. The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-231-06054-8
  • Jewell, Richard B., with Vernon Harbin. The RKO Story. New York: Arlington House/Crown, 1982. ISBN 0-517-54656-6
  • Lasky, Betty (1989). RKO: The Biggest Little Major of Them All. Santa Monica, Calif.: Roundtable. ISBN 0-915677-41-5
  • Mueller, John (1986). Astaire Dancing: The Musical Films. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0-241-11749-6
  • Schatz, Thomas (1998 [1989]). The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19596-2
  • Thomson, David. Showman: The Life of David O. Selznick. New York: Knopf, 1992. ISBN 0-394-56833-8

Further reading

External links

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