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David E. H. Jones

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David E. H. Jones
ChemicalGardenInspection (4298635010).jpg
Dr Jones inspects the container for his chemical garden which NASA flew into space
Born
David Edward Hugh Jones

(1938-04-20)20 April 1938
Southwark, London, England
Died19 July 2017(2017-07-19) (aged 79)
CitizenshipBritish
Alma materImperial College
Known forDaedalus, DREADCO, prediction of fullerenes, arsenic in Napoleon's wallpaper, chemical gardens in space, stability of the bicycle, fake perpetual motion machines, 3D printing
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of Newcastle upon Tyne

David Edward Hugh Jones (20 April 1938 – 19 July 2017) was a British chemist and author, under the pen name Daedalus, the fictional inventor for DREADCO. Jones' columns as Daedalus were published for 38 years, starting weekly in 1964 in New Scientist. He then moved on to the journal Nature, and continued to publish until 2002. Columns from these magazines, along with additional comments and implementation sketches, were collected in two books: The Inventions of Daedalus: A Compendium of Plausible Schemes (1982) and The Further Inventions of Daedalus (1999).

Dr Jones shows some cartoon frames from a cardboard animation device he built as a boy
Dr Jones shows some cartoon frames from a cardboard animation device he built as a boy
Dr Jones reflected in a set of mirrors he positioned to emulate Archimedes mirror attack on ships in Syracuse
Dr Jones reflected in a set of mirrors he positioned to emulate Archimedes mirror attack on ships in Syracuse

He was born on 20 April 1938, in Southwark, London. His father, Philip, was an advertising copywriter. His mother was Dorothea, née Sitters.[1] He attended Crofton Primary School in Orpington, Kent, and then Eltham College.[2] David Jones' professional training was as a chemist. In 1962, he graduated in chemistry and completed a PhD in organic chemistry from Imperial College London. He worked for a year for a company specialising in the design on laboratory equipment and then as a post-doctoral fellow at Imperial where he worked on infrared spectroscopy and he began his column for New Scientist.[2] In 1967 he took up a post as an assistant lecturer at the University of Strathclyde. After one year he moved to Runcorn where he worked as a research scientist in spectroscopy for Imperial Chemical Industries.[1] In 1974, he became the Sir James Knott Research Fellow at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. He then became an independent science consultant to industry providing ideas, brain storming services, and scientific demonstrations for television.

Some of his Daedalus inventions proved practical; about one-fifth of them were seriously proposed or even patented by others.[2] His most notable scientific contribution as Daedalus was possibly his 1966 prediction of hollow carbon molecules[3] before buckminsterfullerene was made,[4] and long before its synthesizers won a Nobel prize for the discovery of fullerenes.[5] It is often claimed that the invention of 3D printing was in 1984 by Chuck Hull, but Jones in his Daedalus persona laid out the concept in New Scientist in 1974,[6] 10 years earlier.[7] He was an early proposer of a space elevator (1964) and of archaeoacoustics (1969).

Beyond Daedalus, in scientific circles he is known for his study of bicycle stability,[8] his determination of arsenic in Napoleon’s wallpaper,[9] and for having designed and flown on the Space Shuttle a microgravity experiment[10] to grow a chemical garden.[11]

He is also known for his series of fake perpetual-motion machines, the latest of which is in the Technisches Museum, Vienna. In 2009 a documentary film about his work and inventions, Perpetual Motion Machine,[12] was made and shown at the Newcastle Science Festival 2010.[13]

He was known in Germany as a regular guest on the 1980s TV science quiz show Kopf um Kopf (Head to Head), presenting interesting physics experiments.[14]

In 1972 he married Jane Burgess but the marriage only lasted one year. He had a long relationship with the artist Naomi Hunt.[2] His only immediate survivor is his brother, Peter Vaughan Jones, who said Jones died of complications of prostate cancer on 19 July 2017.[15][1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Perpetual Motion Machine - Periodic Table of Videos
  • ✪ David Anderson: Your brain is more than a bag of chemicals
  • ✪ What’s the difference between a scientific law and theory? - Matt Anticole

Transcription

Conjurers and magicians say that scientists are the easiest sort of people to fool because we believe what we see and here is a really good example a perpetual motion machine and perpetual motion machines are inherently impossible. They need energy to make the wheel go round and you cannot create energy out of nothing. It has to have an energy supply. But if you look at this wheel it is going round with no obvious way of propelling it There's no motor. There all sorts of things around it but it's not clear how it works and this perpetual motion machine belongs to me. It was built by my friend David Jones who died last July 2017 and in his will he bequeathed me this machine. He built it in 1980 or possibly 81 for an exhibition of the British Association. This is a science festival that takes place every year and it was displayed on the stand of the magazine New Scientist and people were asked to guess how it worked. In all the years since then since 1981 only one person may have guessed the right answer and one of David's friends has got pretty close and everybody else has got it wrong. So come and let me show you it a bit closer. It's a bicycle wheel. A perfectly standard bicycle wheel with three funny boxes on it a copper stand something down here with heat sinks on it there are things that look as if there may be magnets round there there's a box here labeled DREADCO. My friend David had a bogus company that he wrote about in his funny column called Daedalus column in the journal New Scientist. It stands for Daedalus Research I'm not sure what E stands for And Development Company. It was completly bogus but quite often people tried to sue him for patent infringement. I know because David was ill towards the end of his life that this machine has been running for more than two years without any attention and it's a bit slower than it went before so presumably whatever it's mysterious energy source it's running down But just before David died I persuaded him to write me a letter explaining, how the machine works Here is the envelope It's quite a funny envelope. It's a reused envelope from the UK tax authorities but, you can see it says Sir Martyn Poliakoff and it says here details of PMM one perpetual motion machine one. He built four of them. David was the only person in the world who ever made and sold perpetual motion machines to people who knew they were fraudulent. but they still bought them because they were fun. They're only two people have read the letter, me and Neil. and because i knew the secret would be safe with Neil my guesses were completely wrong. I thought i'd solved it one night lying in the bath. I thought there was petrol in these cans which was some how being oxidized and acting as a jet engine but was completely wrong Brady: How did Neil react when he found out? Neil is always inscrutable you can never tell what he's thinking unless its when he's angry when I've made a mess and he's clearing it up. So I think the answer is I don't know But I know the secret is safe with him. It's much more interesting to speculate about this than to know the answer I felt a bit disappointed when I knew the answer. I felt a bit cheated, oh it was that But I hope you'll have fun thinking about it too. You'll still see the flame going down then instead of going down in one great woosh it jumps up and down the tube so it goes down a little bit and then up and down and up and down and so on...

Bibliography

  • The Inventions of Daedalus: A Compendium of Plausible Schemes, (1982) W. H. Freeman ; ISBN 0-7167-1412-4
  • The Further Inventions of Daedalus, (1999) Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-850469-1
  • The Aha! Moment: A Scientist's Take on Creativity (2011) Johns Hopkins University Press ISBN 978-1421403311
  • Why Are We Conscious?: A Scientist's Take on Consciousness and Extrasensory Perception (2017) CRC Press ISBN 1351681311,ISBN 9781351681315

References

  1. ^ a b c Sam Roberts (30 July 2017). "David E.H. Jones, Scientist Whose Alter Ego Challenged Conventions, Dies at 79". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "Obituaries". The Times: 41. 7 August 2017.
  3. ^ Jones, David E. H. (1966). "Hollow molecules". New Scientist (32): 245.
  4. ^ Jones, D. E. H.; Wasserman, E.; Applewhite, E. J.; Kroto, H. W.; Iijima, S.; Haddon, R. C.; Pillinger, C. T. (1993). "Dreams in a Charcoal Fire: Predictions about Giant Fullerenes and Graphite Nanotubes [and Discussion]". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 343 (1667): 9–18. Bibcode:1993RSPTA.343....9J. doi:10.1098/rsta.1993.0036. ISSN 1364-503X.
  5. ^ "David Jones, British chemist and 'court jester in the palace of science,' dies at 79". The Washington Post. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  6. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nvabM3KXNsUC&pg=PA80#v=onepage&q&f=false New Scientist – 3 October 1974 – Page 80
  7. ^ https://www.newscientist.com/letter/mg23230991-100-1-editors-pick-3d-printing-you-read-it-here-first/ 3D printing: you read it here first
  8. ^ Jones, David E. H. (1970). "The stability of the bicycle" (PDF). Physics Today. 23 (4): 34–40. Bibcode:1970PhT....23d..34J. doi:10.1063/1.3022064.
  9. ^ Jones, David E. H.; Ledingham, Kenneth W. D. (14 October 1982), "Arsenic in Napoleon's wallpaper", Nature, 299 (5884): 626–627, Bibcode:1982Natur.299..626J, doi:10.1038/299626a0, PMID 6750412
  10. ^ Jones, David E. H.; Walter, Ulrich (15 July 1988), "The Silicate Garden Reaction in Microgravity: A Fluid Interfacial Instability", Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 203 (2): 286–293, Bibcode:1998JCIS..203..286J, doi:10.1006/jcis.1998.5447, PMID 9705766
  11. ^ Barge, Laura M.; Cardoso, Silvana S. S.; Cartwright, Julyan H. E.; Cooper, Geoffrey J. T.; Cronin, Leroy; De Wit, Anne; Doloboff, Ivria J.; Escribano, Bruno; Goldstein, Raymond E.; Haudin, Florence; Jones, David E. H.; Mackay, Alan L.; Maselko, Jerzy; Pagano, Jason J.; Pantaleone, J.; Russell, Michael J.; Sainz-Díaz, C. Ignacio; Steinbock, Oliver; Stone, David A.; Tanimoto, Yoshifumi; Thomas, Noreen L. (2015). "From Chemical Gardens to Chemobrionics". Chemical Reviews. 115 (16): 8652–8703. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00014. ISSN 0009-2665. PMID 26176351.
  12. ^ "Website of Perpetual Motion Machine film". Blogspot. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  13. ^ Blog entry on film, with photographs
  14. ^ "WDR – Kopf um Kopf – 1986, David Jones enters at 23:00". Retrieved 10 May 2014 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ "David Jones, 'Daedalus', the scientific joker – obituary". The Telegraph. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 April 2020, at 16:01
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