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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David A. Reed
David Aiken Reed.jpg
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
August 8, 1922 – January 3, 1935
Preceded byWilliam E. Crow
Succeeded byJoseph F. Guffey
Personal details
Born
David Aiken Reed

(1880-12-21)December 21, 1880
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
DiedFebruary 10, 1953(1953-02-10) (aged 72)
Sarasota, Florida
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Adele Reed
Alma materPrinceton University (A.B.)
University of Pittsburgh (LL.B.)
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1917–1919
RankMajor
UnitUnited States Army
Battles/warsWorld War I

David Aiken Reed (December 21, 1880 – February 10, 1953) was an American lawyer and Republican party politician from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He represented Pennsylvania in the United States Senate from 1922 to 1935.

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Transcription

Biography

David Aiken Reed was born on December 21, 1880 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to James Hay Reed, a Pittsburgh lawyer and federal judge, and Katherine Jones (Aiken) Reed. He graduated from Shady Side Academy, a Pittsburgh prep school, in 1896. He then obtained his college education at Princeton University, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1900. He earned a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Pittsburgh Law School in 1903 and was admitted to the bar during the same year.[1] He practiced law from 1903 to 1917 in Pittsburgh, also serving as chairman of the Pennsylvania Industrial Accidents Commission, until serving as a major in field artillery in World War I until 1919, after which he resumed practicing law. In the military he received the Victory Medal, The Distinguished Service Medal and the France Order Legion Honor Knight Cross. He also was the post commander for VFW East Liberty Post number 5 Department of Pennsylvania. His dog tag reads "David A. Reed Major 311th Field Artillery U.S.A."

Reed, a Republican, was appointed to the United States Senate on August 8, 1922, to fill a vacancy created by the death of William E. Crow. He was subsequently elected on November 7, 1922, to serve for the remainder of Crow's term and a six-year term in his own right, beginning in March 1923. Along with Congressman Albert Johnson, Senator Reed was a co-author of the Immigration Act of 1924, the purpose of which was to restrict the movement of Eastern and Southern Europeans into the United States, and prohibit Asian immigration in its entirety. Reed served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments and Committee on Military Affairs. He was reelected in 1928, but was unsuccessful in seeking reelection in 1934. July 1, 1932, Senate speech, Reed said: “I do not often envy other countries and their governments, but I say that if this country ever needed a Mussolini, it needs one now.”.[2] He was also a Member of the American Liberty League. His tenure in the U.S. Senate ended with the expiration of his term on January 3, 1935.

After serving in the U.S. Senate, Reed resumed practicing law in Pittsburgh until his death on February 10, 1953, in Sarasota, Florida. He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

His house on 2222 S Street NW in the Kalorama neighborhood of Washington DC, designed by Carrere & Hastings and built in 1929, survives as the Embassy of Laos.[3]

References

  1. ^ Pittsburgh Leader (1913). The Book of Prominent Pennsylvanians: A Standard Reference. Leader Publishing. p. 76.
  2. ^ "Reed - Facing the Corporate Roots of American Fascism".
  3. ^ Emily Hotaling Eig and Julie Mueller, Traceries (1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Sheridan-Kalorama Historic District".

External links

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
William Crow
 U.S. senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
1922–1935
Served alongside: George Pepper, William Vare,1 Joe Grundy, James Davis
Succeeded by
Joe Guffey
Party political offices
Preceded by
Philander Knox
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

1922, 1928, 1934
Succeeded by
Jay Cooke
Notes and references
1. Vare was never sworn-in or seated.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

This page was last edited on 16 July 2021, at 15:46
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