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Dauphine of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Dauphine of France (/ˈdɔːfn,dɔːˈfn/, also US: /ˈdfn,dˈfn/, French: [dofin]) was the wife of the Dauphin of France (the heir apparent to the French throne). The position was analogous to the Princess of Wales (the wife of the heir apparent to the British throne).

List of Dauphines of France

House of Valois

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Dauphine Ceased to be Dauphine Death Husband
Johana Bourbon.jpg
Joan of Bourbon
[1][2][3]
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
(Bourbon)
3 February 1338 8 April 1350 22 August 1350
husband became the Dauphin
8 April 1364
became Queen
6 February 1378 Charles, 1st Dauphin
Marguerite de Bourgogne (1393-1441).jpg
Margaret of Burgundy
[1][4]
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
(Valois-Burgundy)
1393 31 August 1404 18 December 1415
husband's death
2 February 1441 Louis, 6th Dauphin
Jacoba van Beieren door Hollandse school ca 1600.jpg
Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
[1][3][5][6][7]
William II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 August 1401 6 August 1415 18 December 1415
husband became the Dauphin
4 April 1417
husband's death
8 October 1436 John, 7th Dauphin
Margaritaescocia.jpg
Margaret Stewart of Scotland
[1]
James I of Scotland
(Stewart)
25 December 1424 24 June 1436 16 August 1445 Louis, 9th Dauphin
Margaret Stuart Dauphine of France.jpg
Charlotte of Savoy
[1]
Louis, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
11 November 1443/5 14 February 1451 22 July 1461
became Queen
1 December 1483
Catarina de' Medici Uffizi.jpg
Catherine de' Medici
[1][8]
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
(Medici)
13 April 1519 28 October 1533 10 August 1536
husband became the Dauphin
31 March 1547
became Queen
5 January 1589 Henry, 16th Dauphin
YoungMaryStuart.jpg
Mary, Queen of Scots
[1]
James V of Scotland
(Stewart)
8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 July 1559
became Queen
8 February 1587 Francis, 17th Dauphin

House of Bourbon

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Dauphine Ceased to be Dauphine Death Husband
Duchess Maria Anna Christina Victoria of Bavaria, 'la Grande Dauphine'..jpg
Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
[1]
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
28 November 1660 7 March 1680 20 April 1690 Louis, 
"le Grand Dauphin", 20th Dauphin
Marie Adélaïde of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 (wearing Fleur-de-lis as Duchess of Burgundy) by a member of the École Française.jpg
Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
[1][9]
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
(Savoy)
6 December 1685 7 December 1697 14 April 1711
husband became the Dauphin
12 February 1712 Louis,
 "le Petit Dauphin", 21st Dauphin
Portrait of Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle of Spain, Dauphine of France in circa 1745 by Daniel Klein the younger.JPG
Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
[1]
Philip V of Spain
(Bourbon)
11 June 1726 23 February 1745 22 July 1746 Louis, 24th Dauphin
Frédou Marie-Josèphe de Saxe.jpg
Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
[1]
Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
4 November 1731 9 February 1747 20 December 1765
husband's death
13 March 1767
Marie Antoinette by Joseph Ducreux.jpg
Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
[1][5]
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
2 November 1755 16 May 1770 10 May 1774
became Queen
16 October 1793 Louis Auguste, 25th Dauphin
Duchess d'Angouleme.jpg
Princess Marie Thérèse of France
[1][10]
Louis XVI of France
(Bourbon)
19 December 1778 10 June 1799 16 September 1824
husband became the Dauphin
2 August 1830
became Queen
19 October 1851 Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Also Dauphine of Viennois.
  2. ^ Also Duchess of Normandy.
  3. ^ a b Also Duchess of Touraine.
  4. ^ Also Duchess of Guyenne.
  5. ^ a b Also Duchess of Berry.
  6. ^ Also Countess of Poitiers.
  7. ^ Also Countess of Ponthieu.
  8. ^ Also Duchess of Brittany.
  9. ^ Also Duchess of Burgundy.
  10. ^ Also Duchess of Angoulême.
This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 11:10
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