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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

DAD-IS is the acronym of the worldwide Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, within the FAO's management of animal genetic resources programme.[1] It includes a searchable database of information about breeds, the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources; it also holds tools for management, and contacts for the National and Regional Coordinators for the programme.[1] Data from the Global Databank is used for reporting on the global status and trends of animal genetic resources. The fourth version of the DAD-IS was launched on 21 November 2017.[2]

FAO logo
FAO logo

Breeds in the Global Databank

There were 11,116 mammalian national breed populations in DAD-IS as of February 2016, and 3,799 avian national breed populations.[3] These national breed populations represent a global total of 8,822 breeds, which includes 643 breeds (7%) that are reported to be extinct.[3] local breeds (only found in one region) make up 7,761 of entries, while 1,061 are transboundary breeds, meaning they are found in more than one region.

Risk Status

A total of 17% (about 1,500) of all DAD-IS breeds are classified as being at risk of extinction, though this figure includes those that are already extinct but were entered into the database before disappearing. A further 58% are classified as being of unknown risk status. As of 2016, these risk statuses have not been updated since 2014.[3]

Number of Livestock Species and Breeds used for Food and Agriculture Worldwide

Breed Africa Asia and Pacific Europe Latin America
and the Caribbean
Near and Middle
East
North America Southwest Pacific International Transboundary World
Ass 23 42 52 25 13 5 3 6 169
Bactrian camel 0 9 3 0 0 0 0 2 14
Buffalo 4 99 9 12 5 1 2 3 33
Cattle 179 261 406 147 40 19 33 111 1196
Dromedary 47 14 1 0 23 0 2 2 89
Goat 112 195 235 29 33 11 12 38 665
Guinea Pig 4 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 18
Horse 46 146 416 87 14 25 25 69 828
Pig 58 220 206 65 1 14 15 31 610
Rabbit 14 16 227 19 7 8 0 25 316
Sheep 140 276 690 55 54 28 41 101 1385
Yak (domestic) 0 25 2 0 0 1 0 0 28
Chicken 137 310 951 88 33 15 30 107 1671
Duck (domestic) 15 94 119 22 3 1 12 12 278
Goose (domestic) 10 46 126 5 2 0 2 14 205
Duck (domestic)/ Muscovy duck 5 9 6 1 1 0 2 1 25
Ostrich 6 2 3 0 0 0 1 3 15
Partridge 2 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 12
Pheasant 0 7 5 6 0 0 0 0 18
Pigeon 7 13 35 7 8 1 2 1 74
Turkey 11 11 47 11 2 11 5 16 114
Others 47 46 107 30 2 18 11 7 268
Total Breeds per Region: 867 1849 3648 623 241 158 198 549 8133

Figure 1: Total Number of Livestock Breeds by region. Local and regional transboundary breeds are combined and international transboundary breeds are ones that are found in more than 1 country. Note : Figures exclude extinct breeds. Figures for Alpaca, American bison, deer, dog, dromedary × Bactrian camel, guanaco, llama, vicuña, cassowary, Chilean tinamou, duck × Muscovy duck, emu, guinea fowl, ñandu, peacock, quail and swallow are combined in the “others” category. Source: FAO 2016 Status of Animal Genetic Resources-2016. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/c40d538b-4765-445d-ba3c-c06eaaa49f4a/

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DADIS)- About. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. "Dadis". Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Launch of the 4th version of the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System DAD-IS". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 16 November 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b c 2016. FAO. Status of Animal Genetic Resources. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/c40d538b-4765-445d-ba3c-c06eaaa49f4a/
This page was last edited on 23 May 2020, at 13:48
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