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Düsseldorf school of painting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Düsseldorf school of painting is a term referring to a group of painters who taught or studied at the Düsseldorf Academy (now the Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf or Düsseldorf State Art Academy) during the 1830s and 1840s, when the Academy was directed by the painter Wilhelm von Schadow.[1]


The work of the Düsseldorf School is characterized by finely detailed yet fanciful landscapes, often with religious or allegorical stories set in the landscapes. Major members of the Düsseldorf School advocated "plein air painting", and tended to use a palette with relatively subdued and even colors. The Düsseldorf School derived from and was a part of the German Romantic movement. Prominent members of the Düsselorf School included von Schadow, Karl Friedrich Lessing, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Andreas Achenbach, Hans Fredrik Gude, Adolph Tidemand, Oswald Achenbach, and Adolf Schrödter.[2]

The Düsseldorf School had a significant influence on the Hudson River School in the United States, and many prominent Americans trained at the Düsseldorf Academy and show the influence of the Düsseldorf School, including George Caleb Bingham, David Edward Cronin, Eastman Johnson, Worthington Whittredge, Richard Caton Woodville, William Stanley Haseltine, James McDougal Hart, Helen Searle, and William Morris Hunt, as well as German émigré Emanuel Leutze. Albert Bierstadt applied but was not accepted. His American friend Worthington Whittredge became his teacher while attending Düsseldorf.

Notable artists

The old "Academie of Düsseldorf", Andreas Achenbach, 1831
The old "Academie of Düsseldorf", Andreas Achenbach, 1831
Clearing Up—Coast of Sicily, Andreas Achenbach, 1847, The Walters Art Museum
Clearing Up—Coast of Sicily, Andreas Achenbach, 1847, The Walters Art Museum
Jolly Flatboatmen in Port, George Caleb Bingham, 1857
Jolly Flatboatmen in Port, George Caleb Bingham, 1857
Tranquillity after the Storm, Erik Bodom, 1871
Tranquillity after the Storm, Erik Bodom, 1871
Mere rannal, Eugen Dücker, 1875
Mere rannal, Eugen Dücker, 1875
The Veterans (From Days Gone By), Bengt Nordenberg, 1882, Hallwyl Museum
Die Amazonenschlacht, Anselm Feuerbach, 1873
Die Amazonenschlacht, Anselm Feuerbach, 1873
Dandenong Ranges from Beleura, Eugene von Guerard, 1870
Dandenong Ranges from Beleura, Eugene von Guerard, 1870
Negro Life at the South, Eastman Johnson, 1859
Negro Life at the South, Eastman Johnson, 1859
Romantische Landschaft, Carl Friedrich Lessing
Romantische Landschaft, Carl Friedrich Lessing
Rain in an oak forest, Ivan Shishkin, 1891
Rain in an oak forest, Ivan Shishkin, 1891
Mathilde Wesendonck, Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850
Mathilde Wesendonck, Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850

Between 1819 and 1918, some 4000 artists[3] belonged to the Düsseldorf school of painting, including:
























See also


  1. ^ Schadow and his students "bildeten den Krystallisationspunkt, um den sich in späteren Jahren die Düsseldorfer Schule anlegte". Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter: Düsseldorfer Künstler aus den letzten fünfundzwanzig Jahren. Leipzig, 1854, S. 1
  2. ^ Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1968). Albert Leitzmann (ed.). Gesammelte Schriften. 1. Abteilung: Werke. Band 6 1827–1835. Walter de Gruyter. p. 585. ISBN 978-3-11-019258-2. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  3. ^ Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf und Galerie Paffrath (Hrsg.): Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule, 3 Bände, Düsseldorf und München, 1997–1999
  4. ^ Lekisch, Barbara (2003). Embracing Scenes about Lakes Tahoe & Donner: Painters, Illustrators & Sketch Artists 1855–1915, pp 173–174. Great West Books. ISBN 0944220142
This page was last edited on 4 July 2022, at 05:52
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