To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The House of Czartoryski (feminine form: Czartoryska, plural: Czartoryscy; Lithuanian: Čartoriskiai) is a Polish princely family of Lithuanian[3]-Ruthenian[4] origin, also known as the Familia. The family, which derived their kin from the Gediminids dynasty,[5][6] by the mid-17th century had split into two branches, based in the Klevan Castle and the Korets Castle, respectively. They used the Czartoryski coat of arms and were a noble family of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 18th century.

The Czartoryski and the Potocki were the two most influential aristocratic families of the last decades of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795).[7]

Czartoryski family vault in Sieniawa
Kazimierz Czartoryski, founder of the "Familia"
Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski; portrait by Józef Peszka

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 154
    637 695
    9 956
    2 913
  • Droga do Niepodległości: Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Rozmowa z prof. Małgorzatą Karpińską
  • Nie szablą, a pochwą - Izabela Czartoryska. Historia Bez Cenzury
  • Dlaczego Czartoryscy nie uratowali Rzeczypospolitej?
  • Pasja Michała. Życie i męczeńska śmierć bł. Michała Czartoryskiego OP
  • Adam i Jadwiga Czartoryscy. Fotografie



The Czartoryski family is of Lithuanian descent from Ruthenia.[8] Their ancestor, a grandson of Gediminas, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, became known with his baptismal name Constantine (c. 1330−1390) - he became a Prince of Chortoryisk in Volhynia.[9] One of his sons, Vasyli Chortoryiski (Ukrainian: Чарторийський; c. 1375–1416), was granted an estate in Volhynia in 1393, and his three sons John, Alexander and Michael (c. 1400–1489) are considered the progenitors of the family.[10] The founding members were culturally  Ruthenian and  Eastern Orthodox; they converted to  Roman Catholicism and were Polonized during the 16th century.[10]

Michael's descendant Prince Kazimierz Czartoryski (1674–1741), Duke of Klewan and Zukow (Klevan and Zhukiv), Castellan of Vilnius, reawakened Czartoryski royal ambitions at the end of the 17th century. He married  Isabella Morsztyn, daughter of the Grand Treasurer of Poland, and built  "The Familia" with their four children, Michał, August, Teodor and Konstancja. The family became known and powerful under the lead of brothers Michał Fryderyk Czartoryski and August Aleksander Czartoryski in the late Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth of the 18th century, during the reigns Augustus II the Strong (King of Poland, 1697–1706 and 1709–1733) and Stanisław I Leszczyński (King of Poland 1704–1709 and 1733–1736). The Czartoryski had risen to power under August Aleksander Czartoryski (1697–1782) of the Klewa line, who married Zofia Denhoffowa, the only heir to the Sieniawski family.[11]

The family attained the height of its influence from the mid-18th century in the court of King  Augustus III (r. 1734–1763). The Czartoryski brothers gained a very powerful ally in their brother-in-law,  Stanisław Poniatowski, whose son became the last king of the independent Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Stanisław August Poniatowski (r. 1764–1795).

The Czartoryski's Familia saw the decline of the Commonwealth and the rise of anarchy and joined the camp which was determined to press ahead with reforms; thus they sought the enactment of such constitutional reforms as the abolition of the liberum veto.

Although the Russian Empire confiscated the family estate at Puławy in 1794, during the third partition of Poland, the Familia continued to wield significant cultural and political influence for decades after, notably through the princes Adam Kazimierz (1734–1823), Adam Jerzy (1770–1861) and Konstanty Adam (1777–1866).

The Czartoryski family is renowned for the  Czartoryski Museum in Kraków and the Hôtel Lambert in Paris.

Today, the only descendants of Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski are Prince Adam Karol Czartoryski (1940- ) and his daughter Tamara Czartoryska (1978- ), who live in the United Kingdom. The descendants of Prince Konstanty Adam Czartoryski live to this day in Poland and have their representatives in the Confederation of the Polish Nobility.

Coat of arms and motto

The Czartoryski family used the Czartoryski coat of arms and the motto Bądź co bądź ("Come what may", literally 'let be, that which will be'). The family's arms were a modification of the Pogoń Litewska arms.

Notable members

Adam Jerzy Czartoryski; portrait by Józef Oleszkiewicz

Notable members include:

In Poland

In Hungary

  • Piotr Czartoryski ( wife: Lázár Mária)
  • Mária Lázár (b. Mária Czartoriska) (1895–1983), actress ( mother: Lázár Mária)
  • Serbán Ivánné (b. Magdolna Irén Czartoryska (mother: Lázár Mária)
  • sons of Magdolna Iren Czartoryska
  • Wachtel Elemér
  • Wachtel Domonkos
  • Dr Czartoryski Jenö (mother: Lázár Maria)
  • sons of Jenö Czartoryski
  • Adam Czartoryski born Budapest, Uppsala, Sweden
  • Ivan Czartoryski born Budapest, Uppsala, Sweden, architect


See also


  1. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana–A Library of Universal Knowledge, Volume 23. Encyclopedia Americana Corporation. 1919. p. 131.
  2. ^ Lerski, Jerzy Jan (1996). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 94. ISBN 0313260079.
  3. ^ Bain, R. Nisbet (2013). Slavonic Europe : a political history of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796. Cambridge University Press. p. 382. ISBN 9781107636910.
  4. ^ Lerski, Jerzy Jan (1996). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 94. ISBN 0313260079.
  5. ^ Galkus, Juozas (2009). The Vytis of Lithuania. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Arts press. p. 42. ISBN 9789955854449.
  6. ^ Łowmiański, Henryk (1998). Zaludnienie państwa litewskiego w wieku XVI : zaludnienie w roku 1528. Poznań: Wydawn. Poznańskie. p. 42. ISBN 9788386138371.
  7. ^ Kowalski 2013, p. 296.
  8. ^ Karolak M., Genealogia rodu Czartoryskich,, Puławy 2020
  9. ^ Tęgowski J. Który Konstanty — Olgierdowic czy Koriatowic — był przodkiem kniaziów Czartoryskich? // Europa Orientalis. — Toruń, 1996. — S. 53-59.
  10. ^ a b Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki (1996). Historical dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. Greenwood Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-313-26007-0.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Kowalski 2013, p. 297.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 September 2023, at 12:55
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.