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Cylinder Head Temperature gauge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Analog Cylinder Head Temperature gauge
Analog Cylinder Head Temperature gauge

A Cylinder Head Temperature gauge (CHT) measures the cylinder head temperature of an engine. Commonly used on air-cooled engines, the head temperature gauge displays the work that the engine is performing more quickly than an oil or water temperature gauge. As the engine works at high speed or uphill, head temperature will increase quickly. The meter can be digital or analog.

An air-cooled engine requires a steady flow of air for cooling. Unlike water cooled engine, air cooled engines have no thermostat. Over temperature can cause engine failure. Air-cooled engine are used in aircraft engine control and other air-cooled engines as in cars and air-cooled motorcycles.[1]

A cylinder from an air-cooled aviation engine, a Continental C85. Notice the rows of fins on both the steel cylinder barrel and the aluminum cylinder head. The fins provide additional surface area for air to pass over the cylinder and absorb heat.
A cylinder from an air-cooled aviation engine, a Continental C85. Notice the rows of fins on both the steel cylinder barrel and the aluminum cylinder head. The fins provide additional surface area for air to pass over the cylinder and absorb heat.
Flat-four aircraft engine
Flat-four aircraft engine

The CHT senders usually has a K-type thermocouple that is mounted under the spark plug. The K-type thermocouple is pair of two dissimilar metals that produce a small voltage signal when heated. The metal closest to the spark plug is called the hot junction and the other close to the head cold junction. The ring under the spark plug is used to transfer the heat from the plug to the thermocouple. The gauge and cold junction are usually calibrated at room temperature 72 °F (22 °C). Because the thermocouple is calibrated for room temperature, the gauge readings will only be 100% accurate at that engine compartment temperature. If the engine compartment temperature is colder the CHT temperature will display higher. If the engine compartment temperature is higher the reading will be lower. The error can be fixed with a cold-junction compensating thermistor, which measures the temperature at the cold junction so the gauge can adjust the reading. Low budget gauges do not have this compensating thermistor.

See also

References

  • Biermann, A. E. (1941). "The design of fins for air-cooled cylinders" (pdf). Report Nº 726. NACA.
  • P V Lamarque, "The design of cooling fins for Motor-Cycle Engines". Report of the Automobile Research Committee, Institution of Automobile Engineers Magazine, March 1943 issue, and also in "The Institution of Automobile Engineers. Proceedings XXXVII, Session 1942-1943, pp 99-134 and 309-312.
  • Julius Mackerle, "Air-cooled Automotive Engines", Charles Griffin & Company Ltd., London 1972.
  • Biermann, A. E. (1941). "The design of fins for air-cooled cylinders" (pdf). Report Nº 726. NACA.
  • P V Lamarque, "The design of cooling fins for Motor-Cycle Engines". Report of the Automobile Research Committee, Institution of Automobile Engineers Magazine, March 1943 issue, and also in "The Institution of Automobile Engineers. Proceedings XXXVII, Session 1942-1943, pp 99-134 and 309-312.
  • Julius Mackerle, "Air-cooled Automotive Engines", Charles Griffin & Company Ltd., London 1972.


This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 20:56
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