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Custer of the West

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Custer of the West
Custer of the West poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Siodmak
Written byBernard Gordon
Julian Zimet
Produced byPhilip Yordan
executive
Irving Lerner
StarringRobert Shaw
Jeffrey Hunter
Ty Hardin
Mary Ure
CinematographyCecilio Paniagua
Edited byPeter Parasheles
Maurice Rootes
Music byBernardo Segall
Production
company
Security Pictures
Distributed byCinerama Releasing Corporation
Release date
  • November 9, 1967 (1967-11-09)
(World Premiere, London)
Running time
141 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$4 million[1]
Box office$400,000 (US/Canada rentals)[2]

Custer of the West is a 1967[3] American Western film directed by Robert Siodmak that presents a highly fictionalised version of the life and death of George Armstrong Custer, starring Robert Shaw as Custer, Robert Ryan, Ty Hardin, Jeffrey Hunter, and Mary Ure. The film was shot entirely in Spain.[4]

Plot

With no better offers to be had, famous American Civil War upstart officer George Armstrong Custer takes over the Western Cavalry maintaining the peace in the Dakotas. He soon learns that the U.S. treaties are a sham, that Indian lands are being stolen and every excuse for driving them off their hunting grounds is being encouraged. With his wife Elizabeth (Mary Ure) Custer goes in and out of favor in Washington, while failing to keep wildcatting miners like his own deserting Sergeant Mulligan (Robert Ryan) from running off to prospect for gold in Indian country. After trying to humble the prideful Indian warrior Dull Knife (Kieron Moore), Custer leads the 7th Cavalry into defeat.

Cast

Production

In the mid 1960s 20th Century Fox announced plans to make a film about Custer called The Day Custer Fell, directed by Fred Zinnemann, with Robert Shaw among the actors considered to play the title role. It was cancelled on grounds of cost.[1]

Producer Philip Yordan decided to make his own Custer movie and hired Bernard Gordon and Julian Zimet to write a script. According to Zimet, “The original brief was to turn out a typical Western sainted hero martyr script, which Gordon and I duly delivered. But Robert Shaw figured he would make it over to suit himself. Which he did. He turned Custer into a sadist of Shakespearean depth.”[5]

According to Bernard Gordon, "Production stumbled along on Custer as Julian and I tried to give the Indians a fair shake. Robert Shaw was helpful. A bright man and a fine writer, he approved of our point of view of that the Indians were victims right to the end. He even wrote one speech for Custer… that made this point sharply.”[5]

Yordan said he needed a known star (Shaw) and director (Siodmak) to raise the funds to make the movie.[5]

Julian Zimet later elaborated:

Shaw took care of the battle scenes himself. Siodmak preferred directing ballroom scenes, which he had done so often in his long career they required no invention. What he didn’t anticipate, as he choreographed fifty couples, was that the actor—whose intervention was designed to give coherence to the scene—would go crazy, punch him in the chops, and walk off the set. I was already working on another project, but Yordan insisted that I write some lines for a minor actor, which would account for the miscreant’s absence. This would allow the ballroom scene to continue, save having to locate the crazy or drunk actor, and save having to reshoot. While Siodmak kept the dancers in motion, I rehearsed the new actor in his role, and tailors stitched together a bespoke uniform. Within minutes he burst upon the scene, apologised on behalf of the government minister for his absence—due to a crisis in Washington—and announced an impending honour for Custer. It was a weak solution, but it saved a lot of money. That’s show business for you.[5]

The film was originally known as Custer's West. It was one of two big screen epics made by Security Pictures (a company of Louis Dolivet and Philip Yordan) in the Cinerama process, the other being Krakatoa, East of Java. Security borrowed $6 million from the First National Bank to make the films in collaboration with Pacific Theatres. Pacific and Security Pictures gave distribution rights to Cinerama. Cinerama bought out most of the rights of Pacific and Security Pictures then sold 50% of the movie to ABC Films.[6][7]

Most of the film was shot within 30 miles of Madrid except for the Battle of Little Big Horn which was filmed in Costa del Sol near Almira.[1]

A South Carolina theater showing the film in 1968.
A South Carolina theater showing the film in 1968.

Reception

The film met with a largely negative reaction from critics. At Rotten Tomatoes, the film received only a 25% "rotten" rating. It holds average rating of 4.1/10.[8] Many were unimpressed by the attempt to shoehorn two different viewpoints into the same film – the mistreatment of the native Americans by American troops, and the portrayal of Custer as an American hero who was not to blame for the disaster. The general inaccuracies of the film were also questioned, particularly the portrayal of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. The film only returned theatrical rentals of $400,000 in the United States and Canada.[2]

Home media

Custer of the West was released to VHS by Anchor Bay Entertainment on July 14, 1998 and on DVD by MGM Home Video on May 25, 2004, as a Region 1 widescreen DVD.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Joseph, Robert (January 15, 1967). "Custer in Castillia? They Went Thataway". Los Angeles Times. p. o12.
  2. ^ a b "Feature films shot, released domestically in 70mm process". Daily Variety. May 21, 1992. p. 22.
  3. ^ Niemi, Robert (2006). History in the Media: Film And Television. ABC-CLIO. p. 28. ISBN 1-57607-952-X.
  4. ^ Custer of the West at IMDb
  5. ^ a b c d Sinclair, Clive (May 4, 2015). "Writers at the Movies: 'Custer of the West'". Contrapasso.
  6. ^ Canby, Vincent (August 16, 1967). "Cinerama Is Widening Its Operations". The New York Times. p. 36.
  7. ^ Penn, Stanley (January 16, 1968). "Spurt in Cinerama Stock Price Spotlights Options for Over 1 Million Shares at About $4". Wall Street Journal. p. 14.
  8. ^ Custer of the West at Rotten Tomatoes

External links

This page was last edited on 23 October 2021, at 21:15
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