To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Curtiss-Wright XF-87 Blackhawk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

XF-87 Blackhawk
Curtiss XF-87 Blackhawk.jpg
Role Interceptor
Manufacturer Curtiss-Wright
First flight 1 March 1948
Status Cancelled 10 October 1948
Primary user U.S. Air Force
Number built 2
Program cost US$11.3 million [1]

The Curtiss-Wright XF-87 Blackhawk (previously designated the XP-87) was a prototype American all-weather jet fighter interceptor and the company's last aircraft project.[2] Designed as a replacement for the World War II–era propeller-driven P-61 Black Widow night/interceptor aircraft, the XF-87 lost in government procurement competition to the Northrop F-89 Scorpion. The loss of the contract was fatal to the company; the Curtiss-Wright Corporation closed down its aviation division, selling its assets to North American Aviation.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    2 114
    8 720
    11 667
    1 128
  • ✪ XF-84, XF-85, XF-86, XF-87: "Initial Flight Tests Of Experimental Fighter & Research Aircraft" USAF
  • ✪ Aircraft Propeller Plant: "Recruiting Short #4" 1944 Curtiss-Wright World War II
  • ✪ Lockheed XP-58 overview
  • ✪ Aircraft Propeller Plant: "Back Sons in Service" 1944 Curtiss-Wright Recruiting #4; World War II
  • ✪ Aircraft Propeller Plant: "Grandma Keeps 'Em Flying" 1944 Curtiss Wright Recruiting No. 5; WWII



Design and development

The aircraft started life as a project for an attack aircraft, designated XA-43. When the United States Army Air Forces issued a requirement for a jet-powered all-weather fighter in 1945, the design was reworked for that request.

The XP-87 was a large mid-wing aircraft with four engines paired in underwing pods, with a mid-mounted tailplane and tricycle undercarriage. Two crew members (pilot and radar operator) sat side by side under a single canopy. Armament was to be a nose-mounted, powered turret containing four 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon, but this was never fitted to the prototypes.

Operational history

The first flight of the XF-87 Blackhawk was on 1 March 1948.[3] Although the top speed was slower than expected, the aircraft was otherwise acceptable, and the newly formed (in September 1947) United States Air Force placed orders for 57 F-87A fighters and 30 RF-87A reconnaissance aircraft just over a month later. Since the performance problems were due to lack of power, the four Westinghouse XJ34-WE-7 turbojets of the prototypes were to be substituted for two General Electric J47 jets in production models. One of the two XF-87 prototypes was to be modified as a test bed for the new engines.

At this point, the USAF decided that the Northrop F-89 Scorpion was a more promising aircraft. The F-87 contract was cancelled on 10 October 1948, and both prototypes were scrapped.


XP-87 following nosewheel collapse
XP-87 following nosewheel collapse
XP-87 on ramp with C-47s and B-17s in background
XP-87 on ramp with C-47s and B-17s in background
First flight was March 1, 1948
Redesignated XP-87
Production fighter version (canceled)
Reconnaissance variant (canceled)

Specifications (XF-87)

Data from Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947[4]

General characteristics



See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


  1. ^ Knaack 1978, p. 315.
  2. ^ Winchester 2005, pp. 72–73.
  3. ^ Associated Press, "Four-Jet Fighter, Weighing as Much As B-17, Tested", San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Tuesday 2 March 1948, Volume LIV, Number 158, page 1.
  4. ^ Bowers 1979, p. 510.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947. London: Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.
  • Buttler, Tony. American Secret Projects: Fighters & Interceptors 1945–1978. Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing, 2008, First edition, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-264-1.
  • Jenkins, Dennis R. and Tony R. Landis. Experimental & Prototype U.S. Air Force Jet Fighters. North Branch, Minnesota, USA: Specialty Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58007-111-6.
  • Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems: Volume 1 Post-World War II Fighters 1945–1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
  • Pace, Steve. X-Fighters: USAF Experimental and Prototype Fighters, XP-59 to YF-23. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: Motorbooks International, 1991. ISBN 0-87938-540-5.
  • Winchester, Jim. Concept Aircraft: Prototypes, X-Planes and Experimental Aircraft. Rochester, Kent, UK: Grange books plc, 2005. ISBN 1-84013-809-2.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 January 2019, at 23:41
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.