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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A crush fetish is a fetish and a paraphilia in which sexual arousal is associated with observing objects being crushed or being crushed oneself. The crushed objects vary from inanimate items (e.g. food), to injurious and/or fatal crushing of invertebrates (e.g. insects, snails, worms, spiders), or vertebrates (e.g. birds, reptiles, mammals).[1][2]

In the most severe cases, crushing has involved homicide[3] or extended torture until death of restrained animals including dogs, cats, pigs, and monkeys. Animal welfare organisations, such as the Humane Society of the United States, condemn this practice and consider it extremely disturbing.[2] The motivation for these acts may be the production of a film recording the events, which is sold on the Internet to crush fetishists who find the content sexually gratifying; a tailored genre known as 'crush film'.

There are currently no laws specifically forbidding the crushing of animals, but the production or trade of crush erotica involving live vertebrates is illegal in many countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom.[4] In the United States, interstate commerce in [hard] crush videos has been illegal since 2010,[5] and many other countries also have banned them.[6]


Crush fetishists have used terms to classify crushing, on the basis of the object subjected to the crushing:

  • 'Soft crush' – crushing of inanimate objects and invertebrates. This is the most common form. Most exclusive soft crush fetishists prefer to distinguish themselves from other crush fetishists, believing that other crush fetishists give them an unduly negative reputation.[7]
  • 'Hard crush' – crushing of non-human vertebrates. This is considered more cruel than soft crush as vertebrates are generally believed to have a greater capacity to suffer pain.[8]
  • 'Trample fetish' – crushing of humans.[9] This is not to be confused with the similarly potentially dangerous practice of erotic asphyxiation, where the stimulus of arousal is oxygen deprivation, not necessarily involving crushing.

Crush films

Example of a soft crush fetish film using kiwifruits


Crush films are videos produced for sexual gratification of crush fetishists.[10][11][12][2]

In crush films, the crushing agent is typically a woman, who will concentrate her body weight upon her feet to compress the object against the floor. The feet are typically dressed in sexually suggestive dominatrix-like footwear, such as high-heels and lace stockings, but other footwear or bare feet may be used. This recalls elements of both foot fetishism and BDSM culture.[2]

Jeff Vilencia is one known director of crush films, such as Smush![13] Vilencia, along with many other fetishists, has loved to see invertebrates crushed since a young age; he claims that when he was 2–3 years old, he repeatedly attempted to get people to step on him.[14]

Legal status

The legality of crush films and the actual practice of crushing varies by region; however, many have been posted on web sites and are available for download via the Internet, making the control of their distribution difficult.

The production or trade of crush erotica involving vertebrates is condemned by opponents of animal cruelty and is illegal in many countries including the United States.[15]

United States

In 1999, the United States Congress enacted a statute affecting the legality of crush films which criminalized the creation, sale, and possession of depictions of animal cruelty, though with an exception for "any depiction that has serious religious, political, scientific, educational, journalistic, historical, or artistic value."[16] In 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit invalidated the ban on the sale and possession of such films (if not otherwise obscene) as a violation of the Constitution's guarantee for freedom of speech.[17] The United States Supreme Court affirmed the Third Circuit's decision in United States v. Stevens, finding the law unconstitutional because the law was so broad and vague that it included any portrayal of an animal in or being harmed such as by hunting or disease.[18] On November 28, 2010, bill H.R. 5566, which prohibits interstate commerce in animal crush films, was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate, and on December 9, the bill was signed by President Obama becoming the Animal Crush Video Prohibition Act of 2010.[5]

On September 8, 2015, a Houston woman pleaded guilty in the nation's first federal animal crush video case.[19][20]

On November 25, 2019, President Donald Trump signed the Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture Act (PACT Act) into law, making animal cruelty a federal felony. It provides for federal fines and imprisonment of up to seven years for a PACT conviction. The PACT act defines animal crushing as when "one or more living non-human mammals, birds, reptiles or amphibians is purposely crushed, burned, drowned, suffocated, impaled or otherwise subjected to serious bodily injury."[21]

United Kingdom

Although the majority of films are thought to originate in the United States, the first arrest in the UK was made in 2002 of Craig Chapman, Christine Besford, Sarah Cooke, and Theraza Smallwood. The industry is estimated to generate hundreds of thousands of pounds' worth of sales.[22]


In 2006 an Internet crush video surfaced in which a woman stomps on a kitten with stiletto high-heels. Eventually the woman drives her heel into the kitten's eye and penetrates the eye socket, leading to loss of blood and the death of the kitten.[23] Internauts discovered and revealed the identity of the woman as Wang-Jue (simplified Chinese: 王 珏; traditional Chinese: 王 玨; pinyin: Wáng-Jué), a Chinese nurse, and revealed that the cameraman is a provincial television employee. Wang-Jue posted an apology on the Luobei city government official website, claiming that she was susceptible to persuasion to crush the kitten, being despondent from her recent divorce.[24] Both Wang-Jue and the cameraman lost their jobs as a result of the incident, although their actions were not illegal under Chinese animal cruelty laws.[25]

See also


  1. ^ G.A. Pearson. (1997). Digest Cultural Entomology. Fourth issue. Crush Fetishists
  2. ^ a b c d Nancy, Perry (15 September 2010). "Animal Crush Videos: Senate Committee Testimony". The Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Love Crushed Sex". Darwin Awards. 1999. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Crush fetish". Archived from the original on 2017-01-22. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  5. ^ a b H.R. 5566: Animal Crush Video Prohibition Act of 2010.
  6. ^ DeMello, Margo (September 2009). Feet and Footwear: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  7. ^ Thoswal. (March 2014). Hear A Crush Fetishist Out Archived 2014-12-14 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Dr. Mark Griffiths, (May 17, 2012). A Beginner's Guide To Crush Fetishism
  9. ^ Reischel, Julia (April 20, 2006). "Crush Me, Kill Me". New Times Broward-Palm Beach.
  10. ^ Third Circuit Rejects Proposed New "Depiction of Animal Cruelty" First Amendment Exception The Volokh Conspiracy, July 18, 2008
  11. ^ A. S. Hamrah. (2000) A Better Mousetrap. (accessed 2006-05-04)
  12. ^ G.A. Pearson. (1997). Digest Cultural Entomology. Fourth issue. Insects as Sexual Fetish Objects . North Carolina State University.
  13. ^ IMDB. Smush. (accessed 2006-05-04)
  14. ^ Lex Appeal Animal Cruelty, Crush Videos and the First Amendment.
  15. ^ Hearing before the subcommittee on crime, of the committee on the judiciary (United States) House of Representatives. Punishing Depictions of Animal Cruelty and the Federal Prisoner Health Care Co-Payment Act of 1999. (accessed 2006-05-04)
  16. ^ § 48. Depiction of animal cruelty. United States Code: Title 18, Part I, Chapter 3, § 48. Cornell University Law School
  17. ^ United States v. Stevens - Protecting Animals no Justification for First Amendment Amputation, The Legal Satyricon, 20-07-2008
  18. ^ Adam Liptak (April 20, 2010), "Justices Reject Ban on Videos of Animal Cruelty", The New York Times
  19. ^ Dart, Tom (9 September 2015). "Houston woman convicted of making 'animal crush' fetish porn videos" – via The Guardian.
  20. ^ "Houston Woman Convicted of Producing and Distributing Animal Crush Videos". Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  21. ^ "'A major step to end animal abuse': Trump signs bill making animal cruelty a felony". USA Today. 26 November 2019.
  22. ^ Tony Thompson (May 18, 2002). "'Crush videos' plumb depths of perversion". The Guardian.
  23. ^ "The meow murderess brought to heel". Daily News and Analysis. 2006-03-18. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  24. ^ "High-heeled kitten killer apologizes". China Daily. 2006-03-16. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  25. ^ Robinson, Jill (7 Apr 2014). "China's Rapidly Growing Animal Welfare Movement". Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 July 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 15:26
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