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Crimea Operation (1918)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Crimea Operation (1918)
Krymska operatsia.jpg
DateApril 13–25, 1918
Result Ukrainian military and strategic victory
German military and tactical victory
 German Empire Ukrainian People's Republic
Red flag.svg
Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic
Commanders and leaders
Robert Kosch Petro Bolbochan Anton Slutsky

The Crimea Operation took place in April 1918 when Crimea was cleared of the Bolsheviks by Ukrainian troops and the Imperial German Army.[1][2]

The operation

With the assistance of the German Empire, the Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic was quickly overrun by forces of the Ukrainian People's Republic under command of Petro Bolbochan during the Crimean Offensive.[3] By the end of April 1918, the majority of the CEC and the Council of People's Commissars, including council leader Anton Slutsky and local Bolshevik chief Jan Tarwacki, were arrested and shot in Alushta by insurgent Crimean Tatars. On 30 April, the Republic was abolished.

Ukrainian warships in the port of Sevastopol, 1918
Ukrainian warships in the port of Sevastopol, 1918

The goal of both Ukrainians and Germans was to get control over the Black Sea Fleet, anchored in Sevastopol. Former Chief of Staff Mikhail Sablin raised the colours of the Ukrainian National Republic on 29 April 1918.[4] and moved a portion of his fleet (two battleships and fourteen destroyers) to Novorossiysk in order to save it from capture by the Germans. He was ordered to scuttle his ships by Lenin but refused to do so.
Most ships returned to Sevastopol, where they first came under German control, until November 1918 when the came under Allied control who later gave the ships to the White Russians (See Wrangel's fleet).


  1. ^ Tynchenko, Yaros (23 March 2018), "The Ukrainian Navy and the Crimean Issue in 1917-18", The Ukrainian Week, retrieved October 14, 2018
  2. ^ Germany Takes Control of Crimea, New York Herald (18 May 1918)
  3. ^ (in Ukrainian) Hrabovsky, S. Три місяці свободи, The Ukrainian Week. 19 February 2008.
  4. ^ Operation Fleet For Ukraine, The Ukrainian Week (16 May 2011)

See also

This page was last edited on 26 April 2019, at 16:34
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